Übungen - Interkulturelle Kommunikation/Landeskunde.
Interkulturalität. Typisch deutsch/ Klischees. Body Language - Our Perceptions Of Personal Space. Chapter 9 Thousands of books and articles have been written about the staking out and guarding of territories by animals, birds, fish and primates.
Man too has his territories. When you understand the implications of this, you can gain enormous insights into your own behavior, and the face-to-face reactions of others can be predicted. American anthropologist Edward Hall was one of the pioneers in the study of man's spatial needs and in the early 1960s he coined the word 'proxemics', from 'proximity' or nearness. His research into this field led to new understanding about our relationships with each other. Every country is a territory staked out by clearly defined boundaries and sometimes protected by armed guards. A territory is also an area or space around a person that he claims as his own, as if it were an extension of his body. Personal Space Most animals have a certain air space around their bodies that they claim as their personal space. Zone Distances 1. The secret powers of time. Germany - Geert Hofstede. If we explore the German culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of German culture relative to other world cultures.
Power DistanceThis dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal – it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally. Highly decentralised and supported by a strong middle class, Germany is not surprisingly among the lower power distant countries (score 35). Co-determination rights are comparatively extensive and have to be taken into account by the management. A direct and participative communication and meeting style is common, control is disliked and leadership is challenged to show expertise and best accepted when it’s based on it. Long Term Orientation Indulgence. Cultural Dimensions - Geert Hofstede. Geert Hofstede’s scientific innovation, the dimension concept Geert Hofstede has defined “culture” as “the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from others”.
In 1980 he published his book “Culture’s Consequences: International Differences in Work-Related Values”. As the title suggests, this book was entirely devoted to the study of culture at the national level, in which values played a major role. The book’s main innovation was its use of the concept (paradigm) of dimensions of culture: basic problems to which different national societies have over time developed different answers. National Culture National Culture is about the value differences between groups of nations and/or regions. Further research The dimensions concept was widely adopted by other researchers, and is presently the leading paradigm in cross-cultural research. Validity. Cultural Insights. Hall's Cross-Cultural Theory Wiki. Edward T.
Hall's Cross-Cultural Theory The background of the theory: Edit Edward Twitchell Hall, Jr was an American anthropologist and cross-cultural researcher born in 1914. The foundation of his theories on cultural perceptions of space was set during World War II when he served in the U.S. During the 1950s as he worked for the United States Army as well as during his work as a director of the Foreign Service Institute, teaching inter-cultural communications skills to Foreign Service personnel. Throughout his career, Hall presented many new concepts, including proxemics, polychronic and monochronic time, and high and low context culture.
The main idea of the theory Edward Hall's theory tells about important cultural factors or dimensions. At first he tried to divide cultures by context and time, i.e. how contextual elements and time are treated in communication. Context Edit Time Time is not really a factor in Hall's model. People from monochronous cultures usually do one thing at a time. Edward T. Hall. Leben und Wirken[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Er unterrichtete an Instituten der University of Denver, Colorado, Bennington College in Vermont, Harvard Business School, Illinois Institute of Technology, Northwestern University in Illinois und anderen. 1942 Promotion an der Columbia University.
Im Zweiten Weltkrieg diente er im Pazifik und in Europa. Die Kriegserfahrungen in fremden Kulturen brachten ihn zu seinem Forschungsgegenstand und seiner zentralen These, dass Missverständnisse zwischen Kulturen auf eine Matrix von verschiedenen Parametern zurückzuführen seien, die für alle Kulturen gelten. Im Laufe der Jahre widmete er sich dieser Forschungsrichtung vor allem im Hinblick auf internationale Geschäftsbeziehungen. Hall sieht Kultur als „riesigen, komplexen Computer“. Kulturdimensionen Halls[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] Anders als andere bekannte Kulturforscher wie bspw. Proxemics/Raumverständnis[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten] The Silent Language.