Assessment and clinical management of bone disease in adults with eating disorders: a review | Journal of Eating Disorders | Full Text. Studies published in the English language between 1996 and 2016 were searched in PubMed. We used keywords for the search including “anorexia nervosa” and “bone density” and then manually selected relevant papers based on the number of included subjects, journal impact factor and participant age range.
Treatment-specific articles for this patient population were searched using additional keywords such as “premenopausal” and “treatment” and randomized controlled trials were favored for review. Several articles were referenced prior to 1996 that provided essential baseline data for this population that were not found in the abovementioned search criteria. Definition The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Society of Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) clearly define “osteopenia” and “osteoporosis” in postmenopausal women and men over the age of 50 [15, 16]. Prevalence Reduced BMD is frequently seen in patients with eating disorders [9, 11, 15, 19, 20, 21, 22].
Clinical Applications of Orthorexia Nervosa (Part 3 of 3) – RDLounge.com. This blog wraps up a three-part series on orthorexia nervosa (ON). If you haven’t already, be sure to read Part 1 and Part 2, in which I provide historical context, recommended diagnostic criteria, and state of the research related to ON. This final blog post will focus on clinical strategies for screening and treating ON. Screening for ONWhile health care providers still are awaiting official diagnostic criteria, it’s possible to screen for an unhealthy obsession with nutrition and health in your practice.
Keep the proposed diagnostic criteria close by, and, if you suspect someone is at risk, consider asking some of the following questions: Are you spending more time thinking about your food choices than you wish you were? Treatment StrategiesTreating ON is quite similar to treating other eating disorders in that the food and exercise rules and rituals are rooted in anxiety management and overly correlated with a person’s self-esteem or feelings of self-worth. Like this: Like Loading... Eating disorders: recognition and treatment | Guidance and guidelines. This guideline covers assessment, treatment, monitoring and inpatient care for children, young people and adults with eating disorders.
It aims to improve the care people receive by detailing the most effective treatments for anorexia nervosa, binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa. This guideline updates and replaces NICE guideline CG9 (January 2004). Your responsibility The recommendations in this guideline represent the view of NICE, arrived at after careful consideration of the evidence available. When exercising their judgement, professionals are expected to take this guideline fully into account, alongside the individual needs, preferences and values of their patients or service users. The application of the recommendations in this guideline is not mandatory and the guideline does not override the responsibility of healthcare professionals to make decisions appropriate to the circumstances of the individual patient, in consultation with the patient and/or their carer or guardian.
הטיפול בהפרעות אכילה בישראל מאי 2017. Preventing Obesity and Eating Disorders in Adolescents. Inter-Association Recommendations for Developing a Plan to Recognize and Refer Student-Athletes With Psychological Concerns at the Collegiate Level: An Executive Summary of a Consensus Statement. Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of eating disorders. Medical stabilisation Admission to hospital is indicated if the person is at imminent risk of serious medical complications, or if outpatient treatment is not working (Beumont et al., 2003).
Indicators of high medical risk requiring consideration for admission (see Table 3) include any one of the following: heart rate <40 bpm or tachycardia on standing due to cardiac deconditioning with >20 bpm increase in heart rate, blood pressure <90/60 mm Hg or with >20 mm Hg drop on standing, hypokalaemia, hypoglycaemia, hypophosphataemia, temperature <35.5°C, or BMI < 14 kg/m2. It is important to note that patients can report feeling well even when the risk of cardiac arrest is high. Admission is also indicated if there is rapid weight loss, several days of no oral intake, supervision required for every meal, uncontrolled purging or exercise, or suicidality.
Refeeding syndrome All authors agree on the importance of regularly monitoring and replacing phosphate, potassium and magnesium.