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Not Naughty: 10 Ways Kids Appear to Be Acting Bad But Aren't. The Curious Case of Phineas Gage's Brain. Cabinet-card portrait of brain-injury survivor Phineas Gage (1823–1860), shown holding the tamping iron which injured him.

The Curious Case of Phineas Gage's Brain

Wikimedia hide caption toggle caption Wikimedia Cabinet-card portrait of brain-injury survivor Phineas Gage (1823–1860), shown holding the tamping iron which injured him. It took an explosion and 13 pounds of iron to usher in the modern era of neuroscience. In 1848, a 25-year-old railroad worker named Phineas Gage was blowing up rocks to clear the way for a new rail line in Cavendish, Vt. But in this instance, the metal bar created a spark that touched off the charge. Gage didn't die. "He is fitful, irreverent, indulging at times in the grossest profanity, which was not previously his custom," wrote John Martyn Harlow, the physician who treated Gage after the accident.

"He was the first case where you could say fairly definitely that injury to the brain produced some kind of change in personality," Macmillan says. Dr. The two happiest ages of your life. A Baby Born With 3 Parents' DNA Looks Healthy So Far. Mitochondrial diseases can be passed from mothers to their children in DNA.

A Baby Born With 3 Parents' DNA Looks Healthy So Far

JGI/Tom Grill/Getty Images/Blend Images hide caption toggle caption JGI/Tom Grill/Getty Images/Blend Images Mitochondrial diseases can be passed from mothers to their children in DNA. Last fall, the New York-based reproductive endocrinologist John Zhang made headlines when he reported the birth of the world's first "three-parent" baby — a healthy boy carrying the blended DNA of the birth mother, her husband and an unrelated female donor. The technique, called mitochondrial replacement therapy, allowed the 36-year-old mother to bypass a defect in her own genome that had led, twice before, to children born with Leigh syndrome, a devastating neurological disorder that typically culminates in death before age 3.

While heralded in many circles as a breakthrough, the news triggered numerous ethical and scientific questions, many of which remained unanswered at the time. Depression Hits Teen Girls Especially Hard, And High Social Media Use Doesn't Help. It's tough to be a teenager.

Depression Hits Teen Girls Especially Hard, And High Social Media Use Doesn't Help

Hormones kick in, peer pressures escalate and academic expectations loom large. Kids become more aware of their environment in the teen years — down the block and online. The whole mix of changes can increase stress, anxiety and the risk of depression among all teens, research has long shown. But a recent study published in the journal Pediatrics suggests many more teenage girls in the U.S. may be experiencing major depressive episodes at this age than boys. And the numbers of teens affected took a particularly big jump after 2011, the scientists note, suggesting that the increasing dependence on social media by this age group may be exacerbating the problem.

The Writer Who Couldn't Read : Krulwich Wonders... "In January of 2002," writes the neuroscientist Oliver Sacks, "I received a letter from Howard Engel, a Canadian novelist describing a strange problem.

The Writer Who Couldn't Read : Krulwich Wonders...

" Engel's problem was so strange, I decided to create a short video to let you see his story. Our narrator and animator is San Francisco artist Lev Yilmaz. On July 31, 2001, Engel woke up, dressed, made breakfast, and then went to the front door to get his newspaper. "I wasn't aware," he says in our NPR interview, "that it was any different from any other morning. " But it was. The Brain Scrambles Names Of People You Love. When Samantha Deffler was young, her mother would often call her by her siblings' names — even the dog's name.

The Brain Scrambles Names Of People You Love

"Rebecca, Jesse, Molly, Tucker, Samantha," she says. A lot of people mix up children's names or friends' names, but Deffler is a cognitive scientist at Rollins College, in Winter Park, Fla., and she wanted to find out why it happens. So she did a survey of 1,700 men and women of different ages, and she found that naming mistakes are very common. Most everyone sometimes mixes up the names of family and friends. Her findings were published in the journal Memory & Cognition.

The Brain Scrambles Names Of People You Love. Facial Recognition Keeps Improving Into Early Adulthood. A child takes a facial recognition test in which he is asked to match the face on the top to one of the faces on the bottom.

Facial Recognition Keeps Improving Into Early Adulthood

Jesse Gomez and Kalanit Grill-Spector at the Vision and Perception Neuroscience Lab/Science hide caption toggle caption Jesse Gomez and Kalanit Grill-Spector at the Vision and Perception Neuroscience Lab/Science A child takes a facial recognition test in which he is asked to match the face on the top to one of the faces on the bottom. A comparison of kid brains and grownup brains may explain why our ability to recognize faces keeps getting better until about age 30.

Brain scans of 25 adults and 22 children showed that an area devoted to facial recognition keeps growing long after adolescence, researchers report in the journal Science. The area didn't acquire more neurons, says Jesse Gomez, a graduate student in neurosciences at Stanford University and the study's lead author. What color is Tuesday? Exploring synesthesia - Richard E. Cytowic. Can You Hear Colors? (TEST) Video.vice. Suggestible You: How The Mind Acts On Sickness And Health. Magnetic Pulse Jump-Starts Short-Term Recall In Memory Study. Fanatic Studio/Collection Mix: Sub/Getty Images Forget where you just left your car keys?

Magnetic Pulse Jump-Starts Short-Term Recall In Memory Study

A magnetic pulse might help you remember. Some dormant memories can be revived by delivering a pulse of magnetic energy to the right brain cells, researchers report Thursday in the journal Science. The finding is part of a study that suggests the brain's "working memory" system is far less volatile than scientists once thought. "This changes how we think about the structure of working memory and the processes that support it," says Nathan Rose, a neurocognitive psychologist studying memory at the University of Notre Dame and one of the authors of the research. Working memory, he explains, is what allows the brain to retain a new piece of information even when our attention is temporarily directed elsewhere. Babies on the Brink. How Your Eyes Work. Face Blindness: Oliver Sacks - The Mind's Eye. 6 Potential Brain Benefits Of Bilingual Education : NPR Ed. Part of our ongoing series exploring how the U.S. can educate the nearly 5 million students who are learning English.

6 Potential Brain Benefits Of Bilingual Education : NPR Ed

Brains, brains, brains. One thing we've learned at NPR Ed is that people are fascinated by brain research. And yet it can be hard to point to places where our education system is really making use of the latest neuroscience findings. But there is one happy nexus where research is meeting practice: bilingual education. 15 Tips on Parenting Introverted Kids. You’re confused by your kid.

15 Tips on Parenting Introverted Kids

She doesn’t act the way you did when you were growing up. She’s hesitant and reserved. Instead of diving in to play, she’d rather stand back and watch the other kids. She talks to you in fits and starts—sometimes she rambles on, telling you stories, but other times, she’s silent, and you can’t figure out what’s going on in her head. Opioid Users Request 'Involuntary Commitment' To Get Treatment. A police officer holds a bag of heroin that was confiscated as evidence in Gloucester, Mass., in March.

Opioid Users Request 'Involuntary Commitment' To Get Treatment

Massachusetts is one of 38 states that allow civil commitment for substance abuse. John Moore/Getty Images hide caption toggle caption John Moore/Getty Images A police officer holds a bag of heroin that was confiscated as evidence in Gloucester, Mass., in March. Inpatient treatment programs for heroin and opioid dependence can be so difficult to get into in some parts of the country that drug users who want to quit are voluntarily asking judges to lock them up — just to guarantee they'll get help. 4 Possible Reasons The Polls Got It So Wrong In The 2016 Presidential Election. Miami voters make their choices at touchscreen voting machines. Jeff Greenberg/UIG via Getty Images hide caption toggle caption. Cancer Detection: A Shrimp's Eyes Might Help.

Mantis shrimp, a group of aggressive, reef-dwelling crustaceans, take more than one first-place ribbon in the animal kingdom. Outwardly, they resemble their somewhat larger lobster cousins, but their colorful shells contain an impressive set of superpowers. Now, scientists are finding that one of those abilities — incredible eyesight — has implications for people with cancer that are potentially lifesaving. Suggestible You: How The Mind Acts On Sickness And Health. The terrors of sleep paralysis - Ami Angelowicz. Sleep: Sleep paralysis is caused by an abnormal overlap of the REM (rapid eye movement) and waking stages of sleep.

Learn more about the stages of sleep. Sleepy Teens Have More Trouble Learning. Gary Waters/Ikon Images/Getty Images It's hard for Zachary Lane to wake up in time for school every day. "I have four alarms set and it still takes me a long time to wake me up," says Lane, a 17-year-old high school junior in Zionsville, Ind. He says he regularly gets detention for being tardy. Selective Attention and Inattentional Blindness. The vialogue below is based on the topic, Sensation and Perception. Sensation is when you detect a physical energy through stimulation of sense receptors. Mr. Scholl's Site. How To Raise Brilliant Children, According To Science : NPR Ed. "Why are traffic lights red, yellow and green? " Taking Notes By Hand May Be Better Than Digitally, Researchers Say. What Makes Teenagers Impulsive May Also Help Them Learn.

Reports Of Starvation In Syria Call Attention To The Toll Of Extreme Malnutrition : Goats and Soda. What is it like to starve to death? For Teenagers, Adult-Sized Opioid Addiction Treatment Doesn't Fit. Opioid Abuse Takes A Toll On Workers And Their Employers. The effects of opioid abuse can go unnoticed at work. Everyone Uses Singular 'They,' Whether They Realize It Or Not. Anatomy Of Addiction: How Heroin And Opioids Hijack The Brain.

How 'Under Pressure' Sounds Without Music: Freddie Mercury And David Bowie A Cappella! Here's what it means for a relationship if your guy has a beard. New York Fertility Doctor Says He Created Baby With 3 Genetic Parents. 'Patient Zero,' Gaetan Dugas, Exonerated By HIV Research. Media Reference Guide - Transgender Glossary of Terms. Psychology Worksheets. Khanacademy. Intro to Psych Webquest. The Human Brain. FamousPsychologistsChart. Sleep WS. You Are Two. Operant Conditioning - Negative Reinforcement vs Positive Punishment. Will You Pass The Attention Test? Science of Us – What Studies Say About Human Behavior & Productivity. Required To Run? Professor Proposes Harvard Bring Back Required Phys Ed. Lesson H UI L2. When Blind People Do Algebra, The Brain's Visual Areas Light Up. That's absurd! 10 Simple Things You Can Do Today That Will Make You Happier, Backed By Science.

Malcolm Gladwell: Choice, happiness and spaghetti sauce. Malcolm Gladwell: Choice, happiness and spaghetti sauce. 10 Simple Things You Can Do Today That Will Make You Happier, Backed By Science. 10 Insights of Remarkable Parents from a Family Therapist. Shawn Achor: The happy secret to better work.

Teaching Clinical Psychology - In-Class Exercises. AP Psychology. The 13 Top Online Psychology Games. 695%20Tips%20from%20ToP%20journal. Teaching of Psych Idea Exchange: An OTRP Resource / FrontPage. Babies Learn Accents Before They’re Even Born. A Study Got People to Make Big Decisions With a Coin Toss. The Man Who Woke Up One Morning and Forgot How to Read. Scientists Want to Make Healthy Food Smell Like Junk Food. What Makes a Good Life: Revelatory Learnings from Harvard’s 75-Year Study of Human Happiness. Seldom-seen photos show what America looked like in the 1940s…in color. Science of Us – What Studies Say About Human Behavior & Productivity. Why Do We Love Some Animals But Eat Others? : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture. The Awkward Yeti » Chapters » Heart and Brain.

The Power of One Focused Hour a Day — The Mission. The Neuroscientist Who Discovered He Was a Psychopath. Some States Say Psychopaths Can't Use An Insanity Defense. Taylor Mali - What Teachers Make on Def Jam Poetry. The Science of Happiness - An Experiment in Gratitude. Daniel Beaty - SO POWERFUL!!!!! Schizophrenia Simulation - Symptoms, Voices. Online Psychology Laboratory - Welcome. Teaching High School Psychology: Psychology Lessons & Ideas. Psychology released exam 1999. Franklin, Kenneth / AP Psychology Review Documents. World War I in Color HD Episode 2 - Slaughter in the Trenches. World%20War%20I%20Colour%20Part%202%202009.

World%20War%20I%20Colour%20Part%202%202009. Screentime Is Making Kids Moody, Crazy and Lazy. Brain Connections May Cause Blurring Sense Of Self With LSD. Technology Helps A Paralyzed Man Transform Thought Into Movement. VICE on HBO Season One: Addiction (Episode 7) 13 Questions to Ask Before Getting Married. The Great War . Educational Resources . Lesson Plan 1. Milgram experiment - Jeroen Busscher. 12 10%20Indian%20Imperialism%20Positive%20and%20Negatives%20Worksheet. Before You Judge Lazy Workers, Consider They Might Serve A Purpose. Decision Time: Why Do Some Leaders Leave A Mark? Big Sibling's Big Influence: Some Behaviors Run In The Family.