The dying god
Statue of Obàtálá in Costa do Sauípe, Bahía . In the religion of the Yoruba people , Obàtálá is the creator of human bodies, which were supposedly brought to life by Olorun 's breath. Obàtálá is also the owner of all ori or heads. Any orisha may lay claim to an individual, but until that individual is initiated into the priesthood of that orisha, Obàtálá still owns that head. This stems from the belief that the soul resides in the head.
Jarilo ( Cyrillic : Ярило or Јарило; Polish : Jaryło ; Croatian : Jura or Juraj ; Serbian : Đurilo ; Slavic : Jarovit ), alternatively Yarilo , Iarilo , or Gerovit , was a major male Proto-Slavic deity of vegetation , fertility and spring, also associated with war and harvest . [ edit ] Sources The only historic source that mentions this deity is a 12th century biography of proselytizing German bishop Otto of Bamberg , who, during his expeditions to convert the pagan tribes of Wendish and Polabian Slavs, encountered festivals in honor of the war-god Gerovit in cities of Wolgast and Havelberg . Gerovit is most likely a German corruption of original Slavic name Jarovit .
Veles ( Cyrillic : Велес; Polish : Weles ; Czech : Veles ; Old Russian and Old Church Slavonic : Велесъ) also known as Volos ( Russian : Волос ) (listed as a Christian saint in Old Russian texts) is a major Slavic supernatural force of earth, waters and the underworld , associated with dragons , cattle, magic , musicians, wealth and trickery . He is the opponent of the Supreme thunder -god Perun , and the battle between two of them constitutes one of the most important myths of Slavic mythology . No direct accounts survive, but reconstructions speculate that he may directly continue aspects of the Proto-Indo-European pantheon and that he may have been imagined as (at least partially) serpentine, with horns (of a bull, ram or some other domesticated herbivore ), and a long beard. [ edit ] Sources Veles is one of few Slavic gods for which evidence of offerings can be found in all Slavic nations .
Proserpina ( pron.: / p r ə ˈ s ɜr p ɨ n ə / ) or Proserpine ( / ˈ p r ɒ s ər ˌ p ɨ n / ) is an ancient Roman goddess whose story is the basis of a myth of springtime . Her Greek goddess equivalent is Persephone . [ 1 ] The probable origin of her name comes from the Latin, " proserpere " or " to emerge, " in respect to the growing of grain. Proserpina was subsumed by the cult of Libera , [ 2 ] an ancient fertility goddess , wife of Liber and is also considered a life–death–rebirth deity . She was the daughter of Ceres , goddess of agriculture and crops [ 3 ] and Jupiter , the god of sky and thunder. [ edit ] Myths
In Greco-Roman mythology , Aeneas ( pron.: / ɪ ˈ n iː ə s / ; Greek : Αἰνείας , Aineías , derived from Greek Αἰνή meaning "to praise") was a Trojan hero , the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess Aphrodite . His father was the second cousin of King Priam of Troy, making Aeneas Priam's second cousin, once removed. He is a character in Greek mythology and is mentioned in Homer 's Iliad , and receives full treatment in Roman mythology as the legendary founder of what would become Ancient Rome , most extensively in Virgil 's Aeneid . [ edit ] Literary genealogy
Attis ( Ancient Greek : Ἄττις or Ἄττης ) was the consort of Cybele in Phrygian and Greek mythology . [ 2 ] His priests were eunuchs , the Galli , as explained by origin myths pertaining to Attis and castration . Attis was also a Phrygian god of vegetation , and in his self-mutilation, death, and resurrection he represents the fruits of the earth, which die in winter only to rise again in the spring. [ 3 ] The 19th-century identification with the name Atys encountered in Herodotus (i.34-45) as the historical name of the son of Croesus , as "Atys the sun god, slain by the boar's tusk of winter", [ 4 ] are mistaken. [ 5 ]
"Each arrow overshot his head" (1902) by Elmer Boyd Smith. Baldr (also Balder , Baldur ) is a god in Norse mythology . In the 12th century, Danish accounts by Saxo Grammaticus and other Danish Latin chroniclers recorded a euhemerized account of his story.
In Norse mythology , Gullveig is a being who was speared by the Æsir , burnt three times, and yet thrice reborn. Upon her third rebirth, Gullveig's name becomes Heiðr and she is described as a knowledgeable and skillful völva . Gullveig/Heiðr is solely attested in the Poetic Edda , compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional material. Scholars have variously proposed that Gullveig/Heiðr is the same figure as the goddess Freyja , that Gullveig's death may have been connected to corruption by way of gold among the Æsir, and/or that Gullveig's treatment by the Æsir may have led to the Æsir-Vanir War .
The mythology of the Ohlone (Costanoan) Native American people of Northern California include creation myths as well as other ancient narratives that contain elements of their spiritual and philosophical belief systems, and their conception of the world order. Their myths describe supernatural anthropomorphic beings with the names of regional birds and animals, notably the eagle , the Coyote who is mankind's ancestor and a trickster spirit, and a hummingbird . The Chochenyo (Chocheño) mythology of the San Francisco Bay Area has a strong culture hero figure named Kaknu , coyote's grandson, who is an anthropomorphic and closely resembles a peregrine falcon .
Strictly speaking, there is no such thing as Khoisan religion as a discrete category; the term "Khoisan" is a unifying name for the Khoi and San (or "Bushmen") ethnic groups of Southern Africa . Notwithstanding the complexity of their respective myth and their ritual practices, the Khoi and the San are entirely distinct peoples culturally. There is also vast linguistic and cultural diversity within each group.
Izanagi ( イザナギ ? , recorded in the Kojiki as 伊邪那岐 and in the Nihon Shoki as 伊弉諾) is a deity born of the seven divine generations in Japanese mythology and Shinto , and is also referred to in the roughly translated Kojiki as "male-who-invites" or Izanagi-no-mikoto ("Lord Izanagi"). It is also pronounced Izanagi-no-Okami ("The God Izanagi"). [ edit ] Accounts in mythology [ edit ] Izanagi and Izanami He with his spouse and younger sister Izanami gave birth to the many islands of Japan ( kuniumi ), and begat numerous deities of Shintoism ( kamiumi ).
Chhinnamasta ( Sanskrit : छिन्नमस्ता , Chinnamastā , "She whose head is severed"), often spelled Chinnamasta and also called Chhinnamastika and Prachanda Chandika , is one of the Mahavidyas , ten Tantric goddesses and a ferocious aspect of Devi , the Hindu Divine Mother. Chhinnamasta can be easily identified by her fearsome iconography. The self-decapitated goddess holds her own severed head in one hand, a scimitar in another. Three jets of blood spurt out of her bleeding neck and are drunk by her severed head and two attendants.
Shiva ( pron.: / ˈ ʃ ɪ v ə / ; Sanskrit : शिव Śiva ; Tamil : சிவன் sivan ,శివుడు Telugu meaning "auspicious one") is a Hindu deity . He is considered the Supreme God within Hinduism . [ 2 ] [ 3 ] In other branches of Hinduism such as in the Smarta tradition, he is regarded as one of the five primary forms of God . [ 2 ] He is "the Destroyer" or "the Transformer" [ 4 ] among the Trimurti , the Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine Shiva is the prime and earliest among all Hindu Gods and is usually worshipped in the aniconic form of lingam . He is described as an omniscient yogi , who lives an ascetic life on Mount Kailash , [ 4 ] as well as a householder with a wife Parvati and two sons, Ganesha and Kartikeya . Shiva has many benevolent as well as fearsome forms. He is often depicted as immersed in deep meditation, with his wife and children or as the Cosmic Dancer .
Kālī ( Sanskrit : काली , IPA: [kɑːliː] ), also known as Kālikā ( Sanskrit : कालिका ), is the Hindu goddess associated with empowerment, shakti . The name Kali comes from kāla , which means black, time, death, lord of death, Shiva . Since Shiva is called Kāla —the eternal time—Kālī, his consort, also means "Time" or "Death" (as in time has come). Hence, Kāli is the Goddess of Time and Change. Although sometimes presented as dark and violent, her earliest incarnation as a figure of annihilator of evil forces still has some influence. Various Shakta Hindu cosmologies, as well as Shākta Tantric beliefs, worship her as the ultimate reality or Brahman .
In the most classic and well known version of Greek mythology , Cronus or Kronos [ 1 ] ( Ancient Greek : Κρόνος Krónos ) was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans , divine descendants of Gaia , the earth, and Uranus , the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age , until he was overthrown by his own son, Zeus and imprisoned in Tartarus . Cronus was usually depicted with a sickle or scythe , which was also the instrument he used to castrate and depose Uranus , his father. In Athens , on the twelfth day of the Attic month of Hekatombaion , a festival called Kronia was held in honour of Cronus to celebrate the harvest, suggesting that, as a result of his association with the virtuous Golden Age, Cronus continued to preside as a patron of harvest .