background preloader

Interesting concepts

Facebook Twitter

Epistemology - Wikipedia. Epistemology ( i/ᵻˌpɪstᵻˈmɒlədʒi/; from Greek ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē, meaning "knowledge", and λόγος, logos, meaning "logical discourse") is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.[1] Epistemology studies the nature of knowledge, justification, and the rationality of belief.

Epistemology - Wikipedia

Meta-ontology - Wikipedia. Ontology - Wikipedia. Parmenides was among the first to propose an ontological characterization of the fundamental nature of reality.

Ontology - Wikipedia

Metacognition. Metacognition is defined as "cognition about cognition", or "knowing about knowing".

Metacognition

It comes from the root word "meta", meaning beyond.[1] It can take many forms; it includes knowledge about when and how to use particular strategies for learning or for problem solving.[1] There are generally two components of metacognition: knowledge about cognition, and regulation of cognition.[2] Metamemory, defined as knowing about memory and mnemonic strategies, is an especially important form of metacognition.[3] Differences in metacognitive processing across cultures have not been widely studied, but could provide better outcomes in cross-cultural learning between teachers and students.[4] Some evolutionary psychologists hypothesize that metacognition is used as a survival tool, which would make metacognition the same across cultures.[4] Writings on metacognition can be traced back at least as far as De Anima and the Parva Naturalia of the Greek philosopher Aristotle.[5]

Phenomenology (philosophy) Phenomenology (from Greek: phainómenon "that which appears" and lógos "study") is the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness. As a philosophical movement it was founded in the early years of the 20th century by Edmund Husserl and was later expanded upon by a circle of his followers at the universities of Göttingen and Munich in Germany. It then spread to France, the United States, and elsewhere, often in contexts far removed from Husserl's early work.[1] Metalinguistics - Wikipedia. Meta - Wikipedia. For information on the wiki-based web site for the coordination of all the Wikimedia Foundation projects, see Wikipedia:Meta.

Meta - Wikipedia

Meta (from the Greek preposition and prefix meta- (μετά-) meaning "after", or "beyond") is a prefix used in English to indicate a concept which is an abstraction behind another concept, used to complete or add to the latter. Original Greek meaning[edit] About (its own category)[edit] In epistemology, the prefix meta- is used to mean about (its own category). For example, metadata are data about data (who has produced them, when, what format the data are in and so on).

Ontologie (philosophie) Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

Ontologie (philosophie)

L'ontologie dans son sens le plus général s'interroge sur la signification du mot « être ». « Qu'est ce que l'être ? », considérée comme question inaugurale, c'est-à-dire première dans le temps et première dans l'ordre de la connaissance, est celle des premiers penseurs de la Grèce antique, tels Parménide et Platon. Elle déborde très largement le strict cadre de la métaphysique qui, née chez Aristote, étudie les différentes modalités et propriétés de l'être (ne posant déjà plus de problème en soi), avec quoi on a tendance à la confondre[1].

La « Scolastique » reprendra cette doctrine en réinterprétant à son tour la « question de l'être » comme métaphysique générale, c'est-à dire science des premiers principes, les transcendantaux, ou déterminations communes à tous les êtres que l'on opposera à la métaphysique spéciale ou « théologie »[1], traitant de la question de Dieu. ‘The Key to Immortal Consciousness’: The 82 Commandments of Alejandro Jodorowsky. We’ve posted here before Captain Beefheart’s 10 Commandments of Guitar Playing, but this list of the eighty-two “commandments” of the great film director Alejandro Jodorowsky makes that look like a fortune cookie.

‘The Key to Immortal Consciousness’: The 82 Commandments of Alejandro Jodorowsky

In the book The Spiritual Journey of Alejandro Jodorowsky, the author describes meeting Reyna d’Assia, daughter of the influential spiritual teacher George Ivanovich Gurdjieff, who was quite prominent in the early part of the 20th century and died in 1949, when Jodorowsky was 20 years old. Alan Watts on How to Fake Your Way as a Spiritual Teacher. The Staggering Bullshit of "The Secret" I hate The Secret.

The Staggering Bullshit of "The Secret"

There, I said it. I know I’m a self-development blogger and I’m supposed to keep everything light and airy and full of poop jokes, but fuck it — I hate it. It’s an awful book. And it needs to be said. Every generation in the past century has had a breakout self-help book that sells a bazillion copies and bulldozes through a few million people’s wallets. The funny thing about all of these books is that they all more or less say the same thing: mind your own thoughts, stay positive and focused on your goals, ignore self-doubt and criticism, visualize and concentrate on what you want and you will eventually have it. Each book brings its own generational edge to the same fundamental idea. It’s not surprising then that Byrne’s work, launched amid the social media/smartphone age, brings a harrowing narcissism and an “I’m the center of the universe” angle to the same old ideas. What is ‘The Secret’? Samatha.