Copyright | Trademark | Creative Commons | Fair Use | PD

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A Fair(y) Use Tale. About The Licenses. Our public copyright licenses incorporate a unique and innovative “three-layer” design.

About The Licenses

Each license begins as a traditional legal tool, in the kind of language and text formats that most lawyers know and love. We call this the Legal Code layer of each license. But since most creators, educators, and scientists are not in fact lawyers, we also make the licenses available in a format that normal people can read — the Commons Deed (also known as the “human readable” version of the license). The Commons Deed is a handy reference for licensors and licensees, summarizing and expressing some of the most important terms and conditions. Think of the Commons Deed as a user-friendly interface to the Legal Code beneath, although the Deed itself is not a license, and its contents are not part of the Legal Code itself.

Searching for open content is an important function enabled by our approach. Creative Commons license. This video explains how Creative Commons licenses can be used in conjunction with commercial licensing arrangements.

Creative Commons license

Creative Commons licenses are explained in many languages and used around the world, such as pictured here in Cambodia. A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work. A CC license is used when an author wants to give people the right to share, use and build upon a work that they have created. CC provides an author flexibility (for example, they might choose to allow only non-commercial uses of their own work) and protects the people who use or redistribute an author's work, so they don’t have to worry about copyright infringement, as long as they abide by the conditions that are specified in the license by which the author distributes the work.

There are several types of CC licenses. Applicable works[edit] Types of licenses[edit] Versions[edit] Rights[edit] Attribution[edit] Creative Commons images and you: a quick guide for image users. Here at Ars we're big fans of Creative Commons, both the idea behind it and the work that gets produced.

Creative Commons images and you: a quick guide for image users

As publishers, we benefit from Creative Commons in a number of ways—we look things up in Creative Commons-licensed Wikipedia (used with caution, of course), the Creative Commons-related policy issues that we cover give us a steady stream of great news content, and we make use of Creative Commons-licensed images in our news stories. This last piece—the use of Creative Commons images—has historically been one of the trickiest issues for us to navigate as a publisher, given the number of different Creative Commons license types. Each Creative Commons license has its own set of restrictions, and, despite the fact that the license clauses seem fairly clear on the surface, it's not always obvious to us as end users what can be used where and for what purposes.

Note that this isn't solely a problem for sites like Ars and large publishing houses like Condé Nast. Attribution No Derivatives 1. Will I Use Creative Commons Licenses? (Activity 9: H817OPEN. I feel a great deal of moral support for the Creative Commons movement and for use of the CC license, for several reasons:If you want to get something widely used, understood and appreciated, make it freely available (and get credit too).If you have benefited from the use of freely available resources, you have an obligation to 'return the favour.'

Will I Use Creative Commons Licenses? (Activity 9: H817OPEN

It is similar to the GNU license for open source software, which has provided such immense value to computer users. If you are going to make something freely available for reuse, however, I agree with those (for example, Moller 2005) who argue that restricting use for commercial purposes is counter-productive. I take this view for several reasons:Preventing commercial use is very difficult to detect and expensive if not impossible to prohibit.What's the problem?

You've already said it can be reused. Are you just against filthy lucre and private enterprise in any form? References: Licenses/NC - Definition of Free Cultural Works. When the Creative Commons project published its first licenses in December 2002, it finally brought a sense of unity to the free culture movement.

Licenses/NC - Definition of Free Cultural Works

Instead of having to choose from many scattered licenses, creators now have the option to pick the right license for their work using a simple tool. They only have to answer basic questions like: "Allow commercial uses? Allow modifications? " The tool then recommends one of the licenses developed by the Creative Commons team. They are legally sane, simple documents, specially adapted for various jurisdictions. One particular licensing option, however, is a growing problem for the free culture community. The key problems with -NC licenses are as follows: They make your work incompatible with a growing body of free content, even if you do want to allow derivative works or combinations.

Incompatibility[edit] Free content is no longer a fringe movement -- it is something millions of people use every day. Basic and beneficial uses[edit] Profit[edit] Fair Use. Copyright Fair Use and How it Works for Online Images. You’ve heard the adage that a picture is worth a thousand words, but when that picture is protected by copyright, the picture is only worth three words: cease and desist.

Copyright Fair Use and How it Works for Online Images

OK, that’s kind of a lawyer joke. But it illustrates how protective people are about finding their images used online without permission. Copyright laws were established not to give the author the right to deny their work to other people, but instead to encourage its creation. Article I, Section 8, clause 8, of the United States Constitution states the purpose of copyright laws is “to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries.”

It’s a delicate balance between the rights of the creator and the public’s interest. This article will cover exactly what copyright is and what it covers. And then we’ll look at the concept of fair use as it pertains to using images online. What Is Copyright? In Summary. In General (FAQ) 10 Big Myths about copyright explained. See EFF notes on fair use and links from it for a detailed answer, but bear the following in mind: The "fair use" exemption to (U.S.) copyright law was created to allow things such as commentary, parody, news reporting, research and education about copyrighted works without the permission of the author.

10 Big Myths about copyright explained

That's vital so that copyright law doesn't block your freedom to express your own works -- only the ability to appropriate other people's. Intent, and damage to the commercial value of the work are important considerations. Are you reproducing an article from the New York Times because you needed to in order to criticise the quality of the New York Times, or because you couldn't find time to write your own story, or didn't want your readers to have to register at the New York Times web site?

The first is probably fair use, the others probably aren't. Fair use is generally a short excerpt and almost always attributed. See the DMCA alert for recent changes in the law. False. False. Tips For Making Sure Your Copyright Registration Application Is Accepted. Circ07d.pdf (application/pdf Object) Copyright_Graphic_Article.pdf (application/pdf Object) YouTube. If You Cannot Find the Owner. The situation is common: You want to use a copyrighted work beyond the limits of fair use or other copyright exception.

If You Cannot Find the Owner

You tracked down a likely copyright owner and have attempted to seek permission, but the effort simply has produced no conclusion. Worse, perhaps you did receive permission, but with burdensome conditions or a high price. Perhaps you wrote for permission, and the permission was flatly denied. In some situations, you might have little choice but to absorb the bad news and change your plans. Much more complex and frustrating, however, is when you exert an honest effort, but you simply cannot find a copyright owner or your efforts go unanswered. Problems 1. The work itself does not have a name, and you have searched through various different catalogs, databases, and other sources, according to the title or description of the work. 2. 3. Possible Solutions 1. 2. 3. 4. You have diligently investigated your alternatives.

Most Recent Revision: 062309. MyFreeCopyright.com: FREE Copyright Protection. Public domain in the United States. Works are in the public domain if they are not covered by intellectual property rights, such as copyright, at all, or if the intellectual property rights to the works has expired.[1] Public domain in copyrighted works in the United States[edit] Congress has restored expired copyrights several times: "After World War I and after World War II, there were special amendments to the Copyright Act to permit for a limited time and under certain conditions the recapture of works that might have fallen into the public domain, principally by aliens of countries with which we had been at war.

Public domain in the United States

"[2] Works published with notice of copyright or registered in unpublished form in the years 1964 through 1977 automatically had their copyrights renewed for a second term. The claim that "pre-1923 works are in the public domain" is correct only for published works; unpublished works are under federal copyright for at least the life of the author plus 70 years. Sound recordings[edit] Examples[edit] Sec. 805.

(Re-)Defining the Public Domain : Carl Malamud. <div style="padding:5px; font-size:80%; width:300px; background-color:white; margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto; border:1px dashed gray;"> Internet Archive's<!

(Re-)Defining the Public Domain : Carl Malamud

--'--> in-browser video player requires JavaScript to be enabled. It appears your browser does not have it turned on. Please see your browser settings for this feature. </div> Embedding Examples and Help (Re-)Defining the Public Domain University of California at Berkeley School of Information Distinguished Lecture Series(Re-)Defining the Public Domain Wednesday, October 17, 2007, 4:00pm-6:00pm While much of the focus on intellectual property goes to battles over copyright or patents, we should not forget that a large proportion of such material is not property at all.

In this lecture, Carl Malamud explains the principles of the public domain with particular emphasis on the works of government. This movie is part of the collection: Internet Governance Creative Commons license: Public Domain Individual Files Credits Segments 1. Shotlist. Fighting for your digital rights in Washington. Society: Law: Legal Information: Intellectual Property: Copyrights.

Survey_private_registries-final_draft-2011_09_14-clean 2.doc. Trademark. The "Registered Trade Mark" logo Usage[edit] Brewery displays its trademark on a flag on a tower in Steinfurt, Germany Trademarked gym weights (counterfeit) Trademarks are used to claim exclusive properties of products or services. The usage of trademarks by its owner can cause legal issues if this usage makes them guilty of false advertising or if the trademark is offensive.[6] Trademarks can be owned, but also licensed. The unauthorized usage of trademarks by producing and trading counterfeit consumer goods is known as brand piracy. The owner of a trademark may pursue legal action against trademark infringement. A trademark may be designated by the following symbols: ™ (the "trademark symbol", which is the letters "TM", for an unregistered trademark, a mark used to promote or brand goods)℠ (which is the letters "SM" in superscript, for an unregistered service mark, a mark used to promote or brand services)® (the letter "R" surrounded by a circle, for a registered trademark) History[edit]

How to Register a Trademark for a Company Name - Small Business. Registering a trademark for a company name is pretty straightforward. Many businesses can file an application online in less than 90 minutes, without a lawyer’s help. The simplest way to register is on the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s Web site, www.uspto.gov. Before completing the online registration form, check the site’s Trademark Electronic Search System (“TESS”) database to make sure another company hasn’t already registered an identical or similar mark for the same categories of goods or services you offer. U.S. trademark protection is granted to the first entity to use a particular mark in the geographic area where it operates, regardless of whether the mark is registered. Online trademark registration costs between $275 and $325 and requires information such as the categories of goods and services for which the mark will be used, date of the mark’s first use in commerce and whether there’s a design component to the mark you’re seeking.

Trademarks Home. WARNING: Non-USPTO Solicitations May Resemble Official USPTO Communications Be aware that private companies not associated with the USPTO often use trademark application and registration information from the USPTO’s databases to mail or e-mail trademark-related solicitations (samples of non-USPTO solicitations included). First-Time Filers, Start Here Trademark Educational Outreach Program SelectUSA The United States represents the largest, most dynamic marketplace in the world and is an unparalleled location for business investment, innovation, and commercialization of new technologies.

Music Copyright

Plagiarism, Creativity & The Remix.