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Operant Conditioning

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LSHJbIJK9TI

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'Honk more, wait more': India, theguardian.com There is a truth universally acknowledged by drivers in India: honk your horn loud enough and the traffic lights will surely change to green. But, fed up of impatient drivers inflicting a deafening roar every time they are forced to stop, police in Mumbai have come up with a new system to punish those who cannot wait at traffic lights in silence. The new system, said the police, was quite simple: “Honk more, wait more.” Known as “the punishing signal”, Mumbai police installed a rigged traffic light system to tackle the problem of “reckless honkers”, which resets the red traffic signal every time the sound of car horns goes above 85 decibels. For particularly honk-happy drivers, it could mean a very long wait at the lights. In a video, which has since gone viral, Mumbai police explained why they had been driven to tackle Mumbai’s cacophony of car horns.

[Additional Readings] Reinforcement and Punishment Learning Objectives Explain the difference between reinforcement and punishment (including positive and negative reinforcement and positive and negative punishment)Define shapingDifferentiate between primary and secondary reinforcers In discussing operant conditioning, we use several everyday words—positive, negative, reinforcement, and punishment—in a specialized manner. In operant conditioning, positive and negative do not mean good and bad. Instead, positive means you are adding something, and negative means you are taking something away. Reinforcement means you are increasing a behavior, and punishment means you are decreasing a behavior.

(Positive Reinforcement - Resource Two) Website: Motorists get pulled over - for doing good, Transport News When Mr Lim Kan Seng's Toyota Previa was pulled over by the Traffic Police along New Upper Changi Road yesterday morning, he panicked a little. Mr Lim, 50, a hawker, thought he might be in for a summons, but what he received instead were a zebra plush toy and $40 worth of petrol vouchers. "I thought I had done something wrong... but the police said they saw me giving way to another driver, and wanted to commend me," he said. What is Considered Normal Teenage Behavior? - Paradigm Treatment A decade or more ago, you made it through the “terrible twos” with your child. Now that he or she is a teenager, you might feel as though you’re playing a whole other ballgame. Your adolescent is transitioning from a child into an adult, and they might exhibit some behaviors that are puzzling or concerning to you. How can you tell whether a behavior is normal teenage behavior or something more? Here are some normal teenage behaviors that you should be ready for, as well as tips on determining whether something requires a professional evaluation.

Traffic fines in Singapore (2020) - guide to LTA, URA, HDB, TP and ERP fines, Lifestyle News When you own a car, traffic wardens are your worst enemy and roadblocks send shivers down your spine - after all, there's nothing worse than getting traffic fines in Singapore. As if it's not enough that the cost of your car and COE would be enough for you to retire in a neighbouring country, there's also quite a number of traffic fines you could potentially be slapped with. LTA fines in Singapore HDB parking fines in Singapore URA fines in Singapore ERP fines (Positive Punishment) Safe Driving Course, asiaone.com SINGAPORE - The Singapore Traffic Police will be introducing the Safe Driving Course (SDC) from Nov 1 onwards as an enhancement to its Driver Improvement Points System (DIPS). According to a statement by the police, the SDC is designed to educate motorists on safe driving techniques, correct dangerous driving behaviour and encourage good road habits. Eligible motorists who have accumulated half or more of their maximum allowable demerit points will receive a letter of notification from the Traffic Police from Nov 4 inviting them to attend the SDC. They can register for the SDC within the period specified in the notification. Motorists who complete the SDC will have three demerit points cancelled from their driving records.

[Positive Punishment] 10kmh riding speed limit on footpaths among new rules to kick in on Feb 1 SINGAPORE: The Land Transport Authority (LTA) on Friday (Jan 18) announced that new rules encouraging safer path and road-sharing will be implemented on Feb 1. The rules, first announced in September last year, include a lower speed limit for riders on footpaths, the mandatory use of helmets by cyclists on roads, "stop and look" requirement for all active mobility device users and maximum device speed for personal mobility aids (PMAs). The rules are "part of ongoing efforts to foster greater rider responsibility and encourage safe sharing of our paths and roads”, the authority said in a news release.

(Positive Reinforcement - Resource One) Website: Driver gets award for helping elderly wheelchair user who was struggling to cross road in the rain, Singapore News SINGAPORE - A split-second decision on the road has seen Mr David Chin, 41, become the subject of a viral online video as well as the recipient of the Public Spiritedness Award on Friday (Sept 25). Recounting the incident, Mr Chin said that he was driving home in pouring rain after picking up his 11-year-old daughter from ballet class on Sept 5. At a traffic junction, he saw an old man on a wheelchair struggling to cross the road. The green light for pedestrians at the crossing were already flashing but the man, who looked about 70, had barely made it half way across. He had an umbrella over his shoulder, which impeded his manoeuvring of the wheelchair. "He could not move.

Teenage Behaviour Problems teen issues Is your teenager violent, depressed, abusing alcohol or drugs, or facing other problems? Here’s how to ease the stress at home and help your teen transition into a happy, successful adult. Why do teens act the way they do? Parenting a teenager is never easy. You may feel exhausted from lying awake at night worrying about where your child is, who they’re with, and what they’re doing. Driver Improvement Points System (DIPS) - CabbyHub Singapore’s demerit points system named the Driver Improvement Points System (DIPS) was introduced on 1 March 1983. DIPS is designed to identify and rehabilitate errant drivers through a system of rewards and punishments. Errant motorists are thus encouraged to improve their driving behaviours on the roads with incentives to expunge their demerit points and previous suspension record as well as remission of suspension period. Suspension of driving licence New or Probationary Motorists

(Positive Reinforcement) Certificate of Merit, Traffic Police, budgetdirect.com.sg Getting a driver’s licence ensures that you are qualified to drive. But along with that comes the responsibility of making sure you drive safely, not just for your sake but also for the sake of other road users. To ensure that drivers are aware of this and keep safety uppermost on their minds while driving, the Traffic Police has instituted a system of rewards and punishments.

[Positive Reinforcement] Launch Of Road Safety For The Elderly 2020 Campaign The Singapore Road Safety Council (SRSC) and Traffic Police (TP), with support from the Land Transport Authority (LTA) and People’s Association (PA), launched the Road Safety for the Elderly 2020 campaign on 28 August 2020. Accidents involving elderly pedestrians remain a key concern. In the first half of 2020, about 46% of all accidents involving elderly pedestrians were attributed to jaywalking. In past years, road safety engagements, carnivals and concerts were organised by SRSC and TP to reach out to the elderlies. These outreach efforts were complemented by LTA’s elderly-friendly traffic schemes such as the Green Man + reader mounted above the standard push-button at various signalised pedestrian crossings whereby elderlies may tap their senior citizen concession cards on the reader for longer crossing times.

Operant conditioning uses consequences to increase or decrease behaviour. These consequences often affects the emotion of the learners, either to encourage or discourage similar behavioural response from occurring again. by sygoh005 Mar 29

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