background preloader

South Pacific

Facebook Twitter

The Terrible Emotion Locked In A Word click 2x. DNA Samples Reveal That Aboriginals Have Been in Australia For About 50,000 Years Already. Australia was colonized by a single group 50,000 years ago. There are two central mysteries about human history in Australia.

Australia was colonized by a single group 50,000 years ago

Evidence of Unknown Human Species Found in DNA of Melanesians. Scientists found traces of a previously unknown, long-extinct human species hidden in the DNA of today’s Melanesians.

Evidence of Unknown Human Species Found in DNA of Melanesians

Melanesia is an area in the South Pacific Ocean to the northeast of Australia that includes the countries of Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, Fiji, and Papua New Guinea as well as some islands belonging to other nations. The two ancient hominid species whose DNA traces scientists expected to find were the Neanderthals and Denisovians. NoongarPedia created as first Wikipedia site in Aboriginal language - RN. Updated In Noongar country, in the south-west of Western Australia, researchers are building the first Wikipedia site in an Aboriginal Australian language.

NoongarPedia created as first Wikipedia site in Aboriginal language - RN

The Noongar people spoke their language for thousands of years — until, last century, it started to fade. Now, Aboriginal languages and knowledge are being revived, celebrated and made a part of the Australian curriculum. The NoongarPedia project is still in its "incubator" phase, but already resembles the main English Wikipedia page. Noongar woman Ingrid Cumming, a research associate working on the project, says one difference is that it is bilingual.

The $100bn gold mine and the West Papuans who say they are counting the cost. In 1936, Dutch geologist Jean Jacques Dozy climbed the world’s highest island peak: the forbidding Mount Carstensz, a snow-covered silver crag on what was then known as Dutch New Guinea.

The $100bn gold mine and the West Papuans who say they are counting the cost

During the 4,800-metre ascent, Dozy noticed an unusual rock outcrop veined with green streaks. Samples he brought back confirmed exceptionally rich gold and copper deposits. Indigenous Australians most ancient civilisation on Earth, DNA study confirms. Foundation launches million-dollar plan to record Australia's songlines. Posted One to two Indigenous languages are being lost every year, say experts who estimate if the trend continues only 50 Indigenous languages will be left by the year 2050.

Foundation launches million-dollar plan to record Australia's songlines

Key points: Of more than 300 languages that existed pre-colonisation, fewer than half remainPlan is to record songlines region-by-region, publishing 15 dictionaries of languages a year for a decadeThe foundation wants to raise $1 million a year to fund the project Experts say Australia is in the midst of a national crisis as with each year elders die and take with them the knowledge of Indigenous languages. Media player: "Space" to play, "M" to mute, "left" and "right" to seek.

Audio: Listen to Claire Slattery's story (The World Today) To try to capture these languages before it becomes too late, the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS) has launched a foundation to record languages and songlines. How We Got Here: DNA Points to a Single Migration From Africa. Each team of researchers tackled different questions about our origins, such as how people spread across Africa and how others populated Australia.

How We Got Here: DNA Points to a Single Migration From Africa

But all aimed to settle the controversial question of human expansion from Africa. In the 1980s, a group of paleoanthropologists and geneticists began championing a hypothesis that modern humans emerged only once from Africa, roughly 50,000 years ago. Skeletons and tools discovered at archaeological sites clearly indicated that modern humans lived after that time in Europe, Asia and Australia. Early studies of bits of DNA also supported this idea. Study: Native Australians may be oldest living civilization outside of Africa. Humanity was born in Africa.

Study: Native Australians may be oldest living civilization outside of Africa

But at some point, many of our ancestors left. The question of when and how they bid farewell to the continent remains a subject of some debate: A mass exodus occurred roughly 60,000 years ago, according to DNA and fossil evidence, but signs point to some back-and-forth migration much earlier than then. In a trio of studies published Wednesday in Nature, researchers attempt to trace the origin of our species by looking to neglected DNA - populations that haven't been studied as extensively as large European and Asian ethnic groups.

Together, the studies present 787 high-quality genomes from people around the world. Cyclone Pam devastates Pacific islands of Vanuatu. Vanuatu's President Makes a Leap in Tying Cyclone Pam to Climate Change. Action Against Climate Change: Coastal erosion in Vanuatu. 'Pacific Climate Warriors' blockade Newcastle harbour – in pictures. HOW TO LET GO OF THE WORLD AND LOVE ALL THE THINGS CLIMATE CAN'T CHANGE trailer. Australian Aborigines spent 50,000 years isolated from the rest of us. Australia, Papua New Guinea, and Tasmania made up one of the first regions modern humans reached after leaving Africa some 50,000 years ago.

Australian Aborigines spent 50,000 years isolated from the rest of us

But, before Europeans arrived in the colonial era, did others follow? ABC Online Indigenous - Interactive Map. Maori & others. PNG- Kalam 2 clicks. The eastern half of New Guinea, the world’s second largest island, gained full independence from Australia in 1975, when the nation of Papua New Guinea was born.

PNG- Kalam 2 clicks

The indigenous population is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. It is believed that the first Papua New Guineans migrated to the island over 45,000 years ago. Today, over three million people, approximately half of the total population, live in the highlands. Culture and peoples of the Insular Pacific region. First Footprints.

Papua New Guinea

8ways - home. Aboriginal dancer Djoli Laiwanga performs at a festival in Papua New Guinea. Collections Online - Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. The importance of correctly pronouncing Māori words. Māori stick and poi. Dances of Life (Maori excerpt)

Marie Te Hapuku sings "Pokarekare ana" (Traditional Maori Love Song) Friend or foe? Anthropology’s encounter with Aborigines. Pt1: Dan Hikuroa, Combining Maori principles&western science. Combining Maori Principles and Western Science :2. CAD Wiki: Maori Learning and Teaching Hub. Kia ora koutou Welcome to the Māori Learning and Teaching hub.

CAD Wiki: Maori Learning and Teaching Hub

This is where you will find material and resources relating to the effective teaching of Māori students and topics at Victoria University of Wellington. Te Kawa a Māui Atlas Project Video. Aboriginal Perspectives Resources (with thanks to Anita Heiss) « LisaHillSchoolStuff's Weblog. As teachers know, the new Australian Curriculum includes three cross-curriculum ‘priorities’, one of which is Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures. One of the science topics includes Year 2 students identifying toys from different cultures that use the forces of push or pull, and this made me wonder about traditional Aboriginal games and whether there was a concept of a ‘toy’ in nomadic lifestyles.

I’ve read a few memoirs and a quite a few children’s books by ATSI authors but I don’t recall any of them referring to this topic at all. Keen to include Aboriginal perspectives on this topic if possible, I contacted Dr Anita Heiss who is Adjunct Professor at the Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning, at the University of Technology, Sydney. Many teachers will also know her as the author of My Australian Story: Who am I? Her most recent book is Am I Black Enough for You? Anyway, Anita generously gave her time to reply to my query with some suggested sites: