What is A.I ?...
artificial OR artificielle intelligence
Anonymous - The Singularity Project 2013 - (Project Mayhem Has Begun)
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In artificial intelligence , an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert. [ 1 ] Expert systems are designed to solve complex problems by reasoning about knowledge, like an expert, and not by following the procedure of a developer as is the case in conventional programming. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] The first expert systems were created in the 1970s and then proliferated in the 1980s. [ 5 ] Expert systems were among the first truly successful forms of AI software. Expert system
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. D'une manière générale, un système expert est un outil capable de reproduire les mécanismes cognitifs d'un expert, dans un domaine particulier. Il s'agit de l'une des voies tentant d'aboutir à l' intelligence artificielle . Système expert
Artificial Intelligence ( AI ), a branch of computer science , is the study of intelligent systems (i.e. software, computers, robots, etc.). Alternatively, it may be defined as "the study and design of intelligent agents", [ 1 ] where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success. [ 2 ] John McCarthy , who coined the term in 1955, [ 3 ] defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines". [ 4 ] AI research is highly technical and specialised, deeply divided into subfields that often fail to communicate with each other. [ 5 ] Some of the division is due to social and cultural factors: subfields have grown up around particular institutions and the work of individual researchers.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to artificial intelligence: Artificial intelligence (AI) – branch of computer science that deals with intelligent behavior, learning, and adaptation in machines . Research in AI is concerned with producing machines to automate tasks requiring intelligent behavior. Outline of artificial intelligence
Inference engine In computer science , and specifically the branches of knowledge engineering and artificial intelligence , an inference engine is a computer program that tries to derive answers from a knowledge base . It is the "brain" that expert systems use to reason about the information in the knowledge base for the ultimate purpose of formulating new conclusions. Inference engines are considered to be a special case of reasoning engines , which can use more general methods of reasoning.
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Moteur d'inférence
Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Une base de connaissance regroupe des connaissances spécifiques à un domaine spécialisé donné, sous une forme exploitable par un ordinateur. Base de connaissance
Knowledge representation (KR) is an area of artificial intelligence research aimed at representing knowledge in symbols to facilitate inferencing from those knowledge elements, creating new elements of knowledge. The KR can be made to be independent of the underlying knowledge model or knowledge base system (KBS) such as a semantic network . [ 1 ] [ edit ] Overview
Randall Davis MIT AI Lab What is a Knowledge Representation?
History of artificial intelligence The history of artificial intelligence (AI) began in antiquity , with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence or consciousness by master craftsmen; as Pamela McCorduck writes, AI began with "an ancient wish to forge the gods." The seeds of modern AI were planted by classical philosophers who attempted to describe the process of human thinking as the mechanical manipulation of symbols.
Timeline of artificial intelligence
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WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?
Artificial Intelligence Books Active Contours: The Application of Techniques from Graphics, Vision, Control Theory and Statistics to Visual Tracking of Shapes in Motion by Andrew Blake, Michael Isard, 2000
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