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Vetenskap och ovetenskap

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Sign in - Google Accounts. One account. All of Google. Sign in with your Google Account Find my account Forgot password? Sign in with a different account Create account One Google Account for everything Google. Sign in - Google Accounts. One account. All of Google. Sign in with your Google Account Find my account Forgot password? Sign in with a different account Create account One Google Account for everything Google. What do doctors say to 'alternative therapists' when a patient dies? Nothing. We never talk | Ranjana Srivastava | Opinion. The consultation is over and I stand to escort her out. Through the open door, I notice the waiting row of patients staring drearily at the television. “But I am not done yet,” my patient says plaintively. “I still have questions.” She’s already extended a 30-minute consult and I’m pushed for time. “Should I have my intravenous vitamins on the day of chemo or after it?” I don’t have a chance to answer before she continues: “Can you move my chemo appointment to fit in a colon cleanse?

It almost comes across as boasting and I feel mildly irritated. “And my friend is having magnet therapy,” she continues. I have to interrupt her: “Can we discuss this another time? She is unfazed. I nudge the door shut with my foot, and sit down. “Of course you were going to say that,” she replies. “Tell me why these things appeal to you,” I suggest. Research shows that nearly 70% of cancer patients and a staggering 90% of patients enrolled in an early phase clinical trial use alternative therapies. What is the scientific method, and why do so many people get it wrong? Claims that the “the science isn’t settled” with regard to climate change are symptomatic of a large body of ignorance about how science works.

So what is the scientific method, and why do so many people, sometimes including those trained in science, get it so wrong? The first thing to understand is that there is no one method in science, no one way of doing things. This is intimately connected with how we reason in general. Science and reasoning Humans have two primary modes of reasoning: deduction and induction. When we reason deductively, we tease out the implications of information already available to us. For example, if I tell you that Will is between the ages of Cate and Abby, and that Abby is older than Cate, you can deduce that Will must be older than Cate. That answer was embedded in the problem, you just had to untangle it from what you already knew. Inductive reasoning goes beyond the information contained in what we already know and can extend our knowledge into new areas. Boken "Livet med kvantfysiska glasögon" saknar vetenskapligt stöd - avfärdas av forskare.

Boken ”Livet med kvantfysiska glasögon” har oväntat blivit en av sommarens stora bästsäljare. Den första upplagan sålde slut på ett par veckor och boken ligger högt på nätbokhandlarnas försäljningslistor. Författarna Mikael Säflund och Titti Nordieng, som båda också har en omfattande föreläsningsverksamhet, hävdar att vi kan ”applicera kvantfysik i våra liv” och ”skapa de liv vi drömmer om” utifrån ”information som varken är baserad på tro eller övertygelser utan på vetenskap i form av tusentals publicerade studier.” ”Vi lovar dig som läser boken mirakler, därför att vetenskapen faktiskt säger det!” Skriver de på omslaget, och säger sig vara utbildade inom applicerad kvantfysik. – De verkar inte ha läst fysik, utan någon slags pop-lära som inte har något med fysik att göra, säger Bo Sundborg, professor vid avdelningen för kosmologi, astropartikelfysik och strängteori på Stockholms universitet. – Det gör mig riktigt upprörd.

Titti Nordieng menar att fältet innehåller allting. – Ja. . – Ja. A Rough Guide To Spotting Bad Science. We aren't kidding when we say we Fucking Love Science, but it might be more accurate to say we Fucking Love Good Science. There's a lot of bad science out there, either through deliberate fraud or genuine mistakes. There is also a lot of bad science reporting, making out perfectly good research to be something it is not. Andy Brunning of Chemistry site Compound Interest has put together this guide on warning signs for bad science. Not every point is relevant all of the time – there are a lot of fields where control groups are impossible for example, or where even the best studies have tiny sample sizes because that is all we have to go on. The thing that makes science stand out from other endeavors is its self-correcting nature. It is painfully common to see people referring to studies that were debunked years ago as if they were the latest, if not final, word.

Laborationsrapport mall. 10 False Science Facts Everyone Knows. Milk helps you grow up tall and strong. We've heard it from moms, dads, teachers, doctors, and -- perhaps most tellingly -- the dairy industry. Want to be strong and tall, and boast the strongest bones on the block? Drink your milk. As a 5-foot (1.5-meter) -tall weakling who was forced to drink milk every day of her adolescence, it does strike me that this science "fact" is either A) not foolproof or B) an indication that without help from calcium, I might've topped out at 4 feet 2 inches (1.3 meters) with broken fingers from moderately strenuous piano practice. Let's ignore anecdote and stick with evidence-based study. Some scientists and nutritionists have argued that the U.S. dairy guidelines are overwhelming: three cups (0.7 liters) of milk or equivalent dairy (like yogurt or cheese) a day for anyone older than 8 [source: Kelly]. Researchers Link Humans Brains Allowing One To Guess What The Other Is Thinking.

From Aquaman to Professor Xavier, mind reading is a staple for much of sci-fi. Yet it could be closer to reality than you might expect. In a series of experiments, researchers have been able to get two people to play a game similar to 20 questions, where one person asks a series of questions and then accurately guesses the object that another person is thinking of – despite not talking to each other, and being located over a kilometer apart.

“This is the most complex brain-to-brain experiment, I think, that's been done to date in humans,” said Andrea Stocco in a statement. Stocco is lead author of the study, which is published in PLOS ONE this week. “It uses conscious experiences through signals that are experienced visually, and it requires two people to collaborate.” The experiments indicate that two brains can be directly linked to allow one person to guess what the other is thinking of. The experiment can be tricky to get your head around, so bear with me here. Two people just played 20 questions by reading each other’s thoughts. Scientists in the US have linked up the brains of participants almost 1.5 km apart, allowing them to play a 20 questions-style game using nothing but their thoughts. This is the first experiment to demonstrate that two brains can be linked up directly to allow one person to accurately guess what's on the other's mind, and it's a pretty huge deal.

The experiment involved a question-and-answer game, but instead of asking each other questions in person, the participants were put in separate buildings and were not allowed to talk to each other or communicate using anything but thoughts transmitted over the Internet. Using this system, participants were able to correctly guess the object that their partner was thinking of 72 percent of the time. "This is the most complex brain-to-brain experiment, I think, that's been done to date in humans," lead researcher Andrea Stocco from the University of Washington said in a press release. And this is where things get really cool.

Watch: Theory vs hypothesis vs law explained. Most of us at some point have ended up getting into a fight with someone who doesn't think that climate change is happening, or doesn't agree with evolution. And when that happens, one of their most common criticisms is always: "Yeah, but [insert rigorously tested idea here] is only a theory.

" Well, that's true. But in the science world, that word doesn't mean what you think it means. Joe from It's Okay to be Smart is here to explain why, and we think the video should be mandatory viewing for pretty much everyone at school. The reason there's all this confusion is that words like "fact" and "theory" mean very different things in science than they do in everyday use. So let's set this straight once and for all so that we can clear up some of the misconceptions, or as Joe says in the video above: "If we're going to trust science together, the least we can do is speak the same language. " To begin with, let's talk about fact. But then what's a law?

Do underwire bras give you cancer? For years, Camila has been a fan of underwire bras. In fact, it's what she prefers to wear, choosing them over sports bras, push-ups and demi-cups. She likes the way the semi-circular wires sewn into the underside of the cups lift and separate her breasts. But this changed the day her mom forwarded an email that included an excerpt of the book "Dressed to Kill," one that painted a dangerous picture of her beloved underwire bras.

Intrigued, Camila downloaded the book and read every word, only to discover the authors claimed that women who wore underwire bras for 12 or more hours a day were more at risk for developing breast cancer than women who didn't bind their breasts at all. Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer, the husband and wife team of medical anthropologists who wrote the book, posit that underwire bras don't allow lymphatic fluid to drain properly from breast tissue. It seems plausible. Spain Has First Case Of Diphtheria In 28 Years Thanks To Anti-Vaxxers. A six-year-old boy who had not been vaccinated is Spain’s first case of diphtheria in 28 years. The young boy, from the Catalan city of Olot, is reportedly very ill and is being treated with antitoxin. The parents, who had chosen not to vaccinate their child, are “devastated” and have now had their younger daughter immunized as a result. Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that spreads through coughing or sneezing, according to the World Health Organization.

Once infected, sufferers can experience a sore throat, fever and swollen glands in the neck. “The family is devastated and admit that they feel tricked, because they were not properly informed,” Catalan public health chief Antoni Mateu told El País. The child remains in critical condition in Vall d’Hebron hospital’s intensive care unit, but is responding to treatment. “Vaccination is the best way to prevent diphtheria,” the WHO said in their report. Read this next: Engineered Viruses Could Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria.

Pseudoscience And Conspiracy Theory Are Not Victimless Crimes Against Science. News of anti-vaxxer movements, demands to teach creationism in schools as science, and dubious claims for the health-giving properties of strange diets is enough to make you wonder if some people have forgotten or forsaken the scientific method entirely. Astronomer Carl Sagan once said: In every country, we should be teaching our children the scientific method and the reasons for a Bill of Rights. With it comes a certain decency, humility and community spirit. In the demon-haunted world that we inhabit by virtue of being human, this may be all that stands between us and the enveloping darkness. Despite the progress of education and living standards, the world must seem like a scary place for many people – full of chemicals in the sky, aliens trying to abduct us, and government or corporate conspiracies.

What’s The Harm In ‘Alternative’ Science? What’s the harm in applying alternative medicine to treat cancer? The truth is that in science there are no authorities. The Demon-Haunted World. Spurious Correlations. ”Pseudovetenskap ska inte accepteras som friskvård” Sätt stopp. Med dagens regler för friskvårdsbidrag omfattas sådant som hydroterapi, zonterapi och homeopati. Dessa ”behandlingar” saknar bevisad effekt. Staten måste sluta legitimera myter, magiskt tänkande och okunskap, skriver förbundet Vetenskap och Folkbildning tillsammans med arbetsgivare och specialister. Arbetsgivare i Sverige har rätt att betala friskvård för sin personal utan att förmånen blir skatte­pliktig. Vilka verksamheter som kan få anses friskvårdande avgör Skatteverket själva.

Utöver myndighetens godkännande måste utvald aktivitet enligt regelverket erbjudas hela personalen och kostnaden per anställd får inte överstiga värdet av ett årskort på gym. I praktiken innebär dock dagens urvalsordning att den svenska staten subventionerar aktiviteter som inte har någon som helst bevisad positiv effekt på hälsan och som därtill bygger på koncept som helt saknar grund i medicin­vetenskaplig kunskap. Why People "Fly from Facts" “There was a scientific study that showed vaccines cause autism.” “Actually, the researcher in that study lost his medical license, and overwhelming research since then has shown no link between vaccines and autism.” “Well, regardless, it’s still my personal right as a parent to make decisions for my child.” Does that exchange sound familiar: a debate that starts with testable factual statements, but then, when the truth becomes inconvenient, the person takes a flight from facts. As public debate rages about issues like immunization, Obamacare, and same-sex marriage, many people try to use science to bolster their arguments.

And since it’s becoming easier to test and establish facts—whether in physics, psychology, or policy—many have wondered why bias and polarization have not been defeated. When people are confronted with facts, such as the well-established safety of immunization, why do these facts seem to have so little effect?