Philosophy

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Debunking Religion

Howard Zinn: On The Stupidity Of War. No One Is Safe, The Evolution Of Human Thought. Douglas Mallette on overcoming cultural differences by education. War. First published Fri Feb 4, 2000; substantive revision Thu Jul 28, 2005 War should be understood as an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political communities.

War

Thus, fisticuffs between individual persons do not count as a war, nor does a gang fight, nor does a feud on the order of the Hatfields versus the McCoys. Chomsky proves Pat Condell's hypocrisy. Pat Condell's hypocrisy vis a vis Islam. Noam Chomsky feels that Afghan war is "Immoral" BBC Video. Examined Life by Astra Taylor.

Jean Paul Sartre: The Road to Freedom (Human, All Too Human, BBC) Philosophy and the Matrix- Return to the Source. Americans Chained by Illusion. Matrix.

Moral Theories

The Emergent and Symbiotic Aspects of Natural Law. Historical materialism. Historical materialism is a methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history first articulated by Karl Marx (1818–1883) as the materialist conception of history.

Historical materialism

It is a theory of socioeconomic development according to which changes in material conditions (technology and productive capacity) are the primary influence on how society and the economy are organised. Historical materialism looks for the causes of developments and changes in human society in the means by which humans collectively produce the necessities of life. Social classes and the relationship between them, plus the political structures and ways of thinking in society, are founded on and reflect contemporary economic activity.

[citation needed] Since Marx's time, the theory has been modified and expanded by thousands of Marxist thinkers. Don't believe in anyone else's BS (Belief System) Myths that bind: Utopia, human nature and economic laws. Believe Nothing (but understand as much as you can) BBC interview with Feynman (uncertainty) Coherentism VS Foundationalism. Coherentism VS Foundationalism Coherentism is a perspective about the structure of justification or knowledge (Kvanvig).

Coherentism VS Foundationalism

The coherentists theory is generally formulated in contradiction to the foundationalist theory. The foundationalist theory has been the historically dominant position (BonJour). Coherentism can be viewed as a more recently developed theory. Jacque Fresco - Are we civilized yet? Waking Life - Free will. Neuroscience and Free Will.

Neuroscience and Free Will - Libet's Experiment. Scientific evidence that you probably don’t have free will. I might note that you're citing experiments, which while not entirely debunked are in many circles considered to be highly flawed.

Scientific evidence that you probably don’t have free will

For example, the "when did you decide to move your finger," experiment. This experiment is considered flawed because moving your finger is purely a motor response, and an incredibly simplistic one at that. The motion of our hands is one of the things we have the least control over, we're constantly twitching, scratching itches, or simply stretching our fingers out without realizing it. Simply put, moving your fingers is such a small and inconsequential decision that it largely falls under the unconscious decision category. This however, is entirely different from decisions that by necessity require a great deal of forethought. Jacque Fresco - The Illusion of Free Will. Are we Conditioned or do we have Free Will?

Sam Harris on "Free Will". Free Will with Sam Harris. The 'Free Will' Concept Deconstructed. In this blog post I’ll be analyzing the concept of ‘free will’.

The 'Free Will' Concept Deconstructed

First of all, I want to demonstrate the meaning of this term and why free will is questionable in the first place. If we look at the dictionary definition of free will, it means: Why Philosophy Will Always Own Science's Ass. Michael Shermer's Baloney Detection Kit. Critical Thinking. The Postmodernist Deceit. Postmodernism is a philosophical movement born after World War II, brought about by a disillusionment with the objectivist stance on reality boosted by The Enlightenment.

The Postmodernist Deceit

To be honest, a renaissance of human knowledge never truly took off during the time we know of as "The Renaissance" -humanity had to wait until the 19th Century for the Enlightenment ideals to actually take hold of society and governments. This truly was the age of Rationalism and Science. This age also taught us a sad reality: despite all this sophistication, we could still act as Barbarians on our own land.

After two World Wars, people sought a new way of thinking. Even back then it must have been obvious -things were changing. The Danger of Opinions. Terence McKenna - Science, Education and Relativism. Chomsky on Science and Postmodernism. Terence Mckenna denounces Relativism. Michael Shermer: Why people believe strange things. Occam's Razor. Thou shalt not commit logical fallacies. The Ad Hominem Fallacy. Argument from ignorance. Argument from ignorance (Latin: argumentum ad ignorantiam), also known as appeal to ignorance (in which ignorance stands for "lack of evidence to the contrary"), is a fallacy in informal logic.

Argument from ignorance

It asserts that a proposition is true because it has not yet been proven false (or vice versa). This represents a type of false dichotomy in that it excludes a third option, which is that there is insufficient investigation and therefore insufficient information to prove the proposition satisfactorily to be either true or false. The burden of proof. The "Straw Man" Fallacy. Open-mindedness. Open mind. An open mind is a mind that is receptive to new ideas and information.

Open mind

It is often compared to a closed mind which will reject ideas without any consideration. While there is some philosophical validity to the distinction between open and closed minds, particularly in the case of empiricism, when used in an argument on the internet it's almost always a form of whining. Being told to be "open minded" about something — like being made to listen to Michelle Malkin for example — is usually a code for "you're not going to like this, but I want to subject you to it anyway". Conversely, being told that you are "closed-minded" is generally a means of asserting that "I don't like the fact that you're proving me wrong, so I will pretend that your failure to agree with my argument is a philosophical deficiency". The Fine Art of Baloney Detection. It makes your head spin.

The Fine Art of Baloney Detection

"The Fine Art of Baloney Detection"[1] is an essay by Carl Sagan in his seminal work against pseudoscience, The Demon-Haunted World. In this essay, he gives advice for devising conclusions, as well as advice for avoiding logical and rhetorical fallacies. Together, the set of warning signs for common fallacies constitutes what Sagan calls a "Baloney Detection Kit. " James Randi exposes Uri Geller and Peter Popoff. Superstition. The Randi Show - Cold Fusion and Carl Sagan. "Logical Fallacies & Cultural Baggage" [Part 3 of 11] Matt Berkowitz talks with Abby Martin about "Logical Fallacies", The Zeitgeist Movement Oct 3rd 2013. InFact: Logical Fallacies 1. InFact: Logical Fallacies 2. Dunning–Kruger effect.

The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly rating their ability much higher than is accurate.

Dunning–Kruger effect

This bias is attributed to a metacognitive inability of the unskilled to recognize their ineptitude.[1] Actual competence may weaken self-confidence, as competent individuals may falsely assume that others have an equivalent understanding. David Dunning and Justin Kruger of Cornell University conclude, "the miscalibration of the incompetent stems from an error about the self, whereas the miscalibration of the highly competent stems from an error about others".[2] Proposal[edit] Illusion of superiority. The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational. These biases are especially annoying when it comes to economics. All too often economists try to pretend to be psychologists... But people aren't rational actors. Politics Wrecks Your Brain. The Most Depressing Discovery About the Brain, Ever. September 16, 2013 | Like this article?

Join our email list: Stay up to date with the latest headlines via email. Yale law school professor Dan Kahan’s new research paper is called “Motivated Numeracy and Enlightened Self-Government,” but for me a better title is the headline on science writer Chris Mooney’s piece about it in Grist: “Science Confirms: Politics Wrecks Your Ability to Do Math.” The Psychology of Belief - Bias and the Brain.