background preloader

Philosophy

Facebook Twitter

Debunking Religion

Howard Zinn: On The Stupidity Of War. No One Is Safe, The Evolution Of Human Thought. Douglas Mallette on overcoming cultural differences by education. War. First published Fri Feb 4, 2000; substantive revision Thu Jul 28, 2005 War should be understood as an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political communities.

War

Thus, fisticuffs between individual persons do not count as a war, nor does a gang fight, nor does a feud on the order of the Hatfields versus the McCoys. War is a phenomenon which occurs only between political communities, defined as those entities which either are states or intend to become states (in order to allow for civil war). Classical war is international war, a war between different states, like the two World Wars.

But just as frequent is war within a state between rival groups or communities, like the American Civil War. Chomsky proves Pat Condell's hypocrisy. Pat Condell's hypocrisy vis a vis Islam. Noam Chomsky feels that Afghan war is "Immoral" BBC Video. Examined Life by Astra Taylor. Jean Paul Sartre: The Road to Freedom (Human, All Too Human, BBC) Philosophy and the Matrix- Return to the Source. Americans Chained by Illusion. Matrix.

Moral Theories

The Emergent and Symbiotic Aspects of Natural Law. Historical materialism. Historical materialism is a methodological approach to the study of society, economics, and history first articulated by Karl Marx (1818–1883) as the materialist conception of history.

Historical materialism

It is a theory of socioeconomic development according to which changes in material conditions (technology and productive capacity) are the primary influence on how society and the economy are organised. Historical materialism looks for the causes of developments and changes in human society in the means by which humans collectively produce the necessities of life. Social classes and the relationship between them, plus the political structures and ways of thinking in society, are founded on and reflect contemporary economic activity. [citation needed] Since Marx's time, the theory has been modified and expanded by thousands of Marxist thinkers. Key ideas[edit] Don't believe in anyone else's BS (Belief System)

Myths that bind: Utopia, human nature and economic laws. Believe Nothing (but understand as much as you can) BBC interview with Feynman (uncertainty) Coherentism VS Foundationalism. Coherentism VS Foundationalism Coherentism is a perspective about the structure of justification or knowledge (Kvanvig). The coherentists theory is generally formulated in contradiction to the foundationalist theory. The foundationalist theory has been the historically dominant position (BonJour). Coherentism can be viewed as a more recently developed theory. Kvanvig explains that “coherentism thus claims, minimally, that not all knowledge and justified belief rest ultimately on a foundation of noninferential knowledge or justified belief” (Kvanvig). Once a belief is labeled as true, it is fair question it in order to ascertain proof as to whether or not the primary belief is true.

Jacque Fresco - Are we civilized yet? Waking Life - Free will. Neuroscience and Free Will. Neuroscience and Free Will - Libet's Experiment. Scientific evidence that you probably don’t have free will. I might note that you're citing experiments, which while not entirely debunked are in many circles considered to be highly flawed.

Scientific evidence that you probably don’t have free will

For example, the "when did you decide to move your finger," experiment. This experiment is considered flawed because moving your finger is purely a motor response, and an incredibly simplistic one at that. Jacque Fresco - The Illusion of Free Will. Are we Conditioned or do we have Free Will? Sam Harris on "Free Will". Free Will with Sam Harris. The 'Free Will' Concept Deconstructed.

Why Philosophy Will Always Own Science's Ass. Michael Shermer's Baloney Detection Kit. Critical Thinking. The Postmodernist Deceit. Postmodernism is a philosophical movement born after World War II, brought about by a disillusionment with the objectivist stance on reality boosted by The Enlightenment.

The Postmodernist Deceit

To be honest, a renaissance of human knowledge never truly took off during the time we know of as "The Renaissance" -humanity had to wait until the 19th Century for the Enlightenment ideals to actually take hold of society and governments. This truly was the age of Rationalism and Science. This age also taught us a sad reality: despite all this sophistication, we could still act as Barbarians on our own land. The Danger of Opinions. Terence McKenna - Science, Education and Relativism. Chomsky on Science and Postmodernism. Terence Mckenna denounces Relativism. Michael Shermer: Why people believe strange things. Occam's Razor. Thou shalt not commit logical fallacies.

The Ad Hominem Fallacy. Argument from ignorance. The burden of proof. The "Straw Man" Fallacy. Open-mindedness. Open mind. An open mind is a mind that is receptive to new ideas and information.

Open mind

It is often compared to a closed mind which will reject ideas without any consideration. While there is some philosophical validity to the distinction between open and closed minds, particularly in the case of empiricism, when used in an argument on the internet it's almost always a form of whining. Being told to be "open minded" about something — like being made to listen to Michelle Malkin for example — is usually a code for "you're not going to like this, but I want to subject you to it anyway". The Fine Art of Baloney Detection. It makes your head spin.

The Fine Art of Baloney Detection

"The Fine Art of Baloney Detection"[1] is an essay by Carl Sagan in his seminal work against pseudoscience, The Demon-Haunted World. James Randi exposes Uri Geller and Peter Popoff. Superstition. The Randi Show - Cold Fusion and Carl Sagan. "Logical Fallacies & Cultural Baggage" [Part 3 of 11] Matt Berkowitz talks with Abby Martin about "Logical Fallacies", The Zeitgeist Movement Oct 3rd 2013. InFact: Logical Fallacies 1. InFact: Logical Fallacies 2. Dunning–Kruger effect. The Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias wherein unskilled individuals suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly assessing their ability to be much higher than is accurate.

Dunning–Kruger effect

This bias is attributed to a metacognitive inability of the unskilled to recognize their ineptitude. Conversely, highly skilled individuals tend to underestimate their relative competence, erroneously assuming that tasks which are easy for them are also easy for others.[1] Illusion of superiority. The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational. I disagree entirely with the example stated in Neglecting Probablity.

The 12 cognitive biases that prevent you from being rational

It's not that I *know* that airplane travel is inherently safer. Politics Wrecks Your Brain. The Most Depressing Discovery About the Brain, Ever. Yale law school professor Dan Kahan’s new research paper is called “Motivated Numeracy and Enlightened Self-Government,” but for me a better title is the headline on science writer Chris Mooney’s piece about it in Grist: “Science Confirms: Politics Wrecks Your Ability to Do Math.”

The Most Depressing Discovery About the Brain, Ever

Kahan conducted some ingenious experiments about the impact of political passion on people’s ability to think clearly. His conclusion, in Mooney’s words: partisanship “can even undermine our very basic reasoning skills…. [People] who are otherwise very good at math may totally flunk a problem that they would otherwise probably be able to solve, simply because giving the right answer goes against their political beliefs.” In other words, say goodnight to the dream that education, journalism, scientific evidence, media literacy or reason can provide the tools and information that people need in order to make good decisions. The Psychology of Belief - Bias and the Brain.