Violence obstétricale : émergence d'un problème public en France. Prise en charge de la douleur chez la femme pendant le travail - vue d'ensemble. Chez les femmes, l'expérience de la douleur varie sensiblement pendant le travail.
Certaines ne ressentent quasiment aucune douleur, alors que d'autres ressentent une douleur extrêmement pénible. La position de la femme pendant le travail, sa mobilité, ainsi que sa peur et son anxiété ou, au contraire, sa confiance peuvent influencer son expérience de la douleur. Plusieurs interventions médicamenteuses et non médicamenteuses sont disponibles. Dans cette vue d'ensemble, nous avons évalué 18 revues systématiques concernant différentes interventions utilisées pour diminuer la douleur pendant le travail, dont 15 d'entre elles sont des revues Cochrane. La majorité des preuves concernant les interventions non médicamenteuses se basaient uniquement sur une ou deux études, ces résultats ne sont donc pas définitifs.
Dans l'ensemble, il y avait davantage d'études concernant des interventions médicamenteuses. Hémorragies après l’accouchement : quel rôle pour l’ocytocine ? 13 février 2012 Vous avez travaillé sur le risque d’hémorragie post-partum, c’est à dire après l’accouchement.
Médiathèque. CHARPAK N., TESSIER R.
& al. Pediatrics. 2016 Dec 12. pii: e20162063. décembre 2016 Moore ER, Bergman N, Anderson GC, Medley N. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Nov 25;11:CD003519. novembre 2016 AAP TASK FORCE ON SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME Pediatrics. Octobre 2016 Mary E. Luttes féministes autour du consentement. Accompagner la naissance. La grossesse et l’accouchement sont aujourd’hui hautement médicalisés, ponctués de visites régulières chez les professionnels, marqués par une surveillance technique poussée et par un processus éducatif spécifique des futurs parents.
Or, les débats autour de la naissance sont révélateurs de tensions plus larges qui traversent les questionnements sur la place de la médecine dans la société. Quel degré de médicalisation est susceptible de répondre aux attentes profanes ? Comment réguler les activités professionnelles, en particulier autour de la frontière ténue entre interventions bénéfiques et iatrogènes ? Quels sont les enjeux de l’autonomie des sages-femmes et des médecins ? Les chapitres de cet ouvrage examinent l’expérience et l’identité des professionnels qui accompagnent la grossesse et la naissance, ainsi que la diversité des savoirs qu’ils mobilisent dans leurs pratiques. Page 1 à 4 Pages de début Page 5 à 30. Évolution de la fonction obstétricale chez les hominoïdes : analyse morphométrique tridimensionnelle de la cavité pelvienne chez les espèces actuelles et fossiles.
Thèse de doctorat en Paléontologie humaine.
“Is it realistic?” the portrayal of pregnancy and childbirth in the media. Much of the literature in this scoping review fell into a category of media-effects research that suggests that audiences do not critically engage .
This ‘hypodermic needle approach’ to media research is based on behavioural-effects theory that tends to rely on a basic understanding of cause-and-effect and assumes that all media audiences are passive. Such studies frequently utilize strongly challenged, if not discredited, theories of direct or causal media effects, which can be problematic because they fail to take into consideration more recent and critical approaches to audience research. One key issue with audience reception is that is not easily observable, except in fragmentary or indirect ways . A Secondary Analysis of Mistreatment of Women During Childbirth in Health Care Facilities.
Women’s descriptions of childbirth trauma relating to care provider actions and interactions. This study described women’s experiences of birth trauma.
Psychological and somatic sequelae of traumatic vaginal delivery: A literature review. A systematic review of maternal confidence for physiologic birth: characteristics of prenatal care and confidence measurement. Caregiver support for women during childbirth. Human rights in childbirth, narratives and restorative justice: a review. Human rights in childbirth is an emerging field within reproductive health rights.
The Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations (UN) have drawn to a close and so far there had been a focus on improving maternal health within the context of improving access to facility based healthcare, but what is becoming clearer is that this alone is not sufficient [1, 2]. Although the previous focus has been the equal and fair access to healthcare, there is now a greater recognition of the importance of dignity, respect and autonomy for women who do utilise healthcare facilities . The FREDA principle, is a useful human rights summary of the core issues at stake - fairness, respect, equality, dignity and autonomy .
The new UN Sustainable Development Goals are far more rights based. Human rights in the global birthing arena Women who receive care from factory line conditions within health facilities are experiencing disrespect and abuse worldwide. Women's descriptions of childbirth trauma relating to care provider actions and interactions. Obstetric violence: Medicalization, authority abuse and sexism within Spanish obstetric assistance. A new name for old issues? Master thesis, Faculty of Humanities Theses, Utrecht University. Database - Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR) New expert query --- New simple query Creating new record This database is managed by Alliance francophone pour l'accouchement respecté (AFAR, with Collectif interassociatif autour de la naissance (CIANE, is fed by the voluntary contributions of persons interested in the sharing of scientific data.If you agree with this project, you can support us in several ways:(1) becoming a member of AFAR(2) financially supporting AFAR(3) contributing to this database if you have a minimum training in scientific documentation.
Birth interventions related to lower rates of exclusive breastfeeding. Download Article: Download (PDF 2,195.3 kb) Abstract: Overview: This study examines the impact of birth interventions, such as epidurals, inductions, pain medications, and cesarean sections, on breastfeeding and postpartum depression with a large sample of mothers.
A comparison of intrapartum interventions and adverse outcomes by parity in planned freestanding midwifery unit and alongside midwifery unit births: secondary analysis of ‘low risk’ births in the birthplace in England cohort. The Birthplace cohort included 27,992 eligible ‘low risk’ women planning birth in an FMU or AMU.
The population for this analysis consisted of 27,938 ‘low risk’ women with known parity: 11,265 planning birth in an FMU and 16,673 planning birth in an AMU. Fifty four births were excluded because parity was unknown. The Mothers on Respect (MOR) index: measuring quality, safety, and human rights in childbirth. Beyond too little, too late and too much, too soon: a pathway towards evidence-based, respectful maternity care worldwide. On the continuum of maternal health care, two extreme situations exist: too little, too late (TLTL) and too much, too soon (TMTS).
TLTL describes care with inadequate resources, below evidence-based standards, or care withheld or unavailable until too late to help. TLTL is an underlying problem associated with high maternal mortality and morbidity. Midwifery and quality care: findings from a new evidence-informed framework for maternal and newborn care. To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or purchase a subscription.
Click here to view the full text on ScienceDirect. Figure 1 Diagram of the multimethod approach used in this study Figure 2. The power of midwifery. Meeting needs of childbearing women and newborn infants through strengthened midwifery. Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants. Plain language summary Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants What is the issue? Babies are often separated from their mothers at birth. In standard hospital care, newborn infants can be held wrapped or dressed in their mother’s arms, placed in open cribs or under warmers.
Electronic fetal monitoring, cerebral palsy, and caesarean section: assumptions versus evidence. Karin B Nelson, scientist emeritus1, Thomas P Sartwelle, attorney2, Dwight J Rouse, academic obstetrician3Author affiliationsCorrespondence to: K B Nelson firstname.lastname@example.org. Association of peripartum synthetic oxytocin administration and depressive and anxiety disorders within the first postpartum year. The meaning of labour pain: how the social environment and other contextual factors shape women’s experiences. The majority of women experience pain during labour and childbirth. For many women it is the most significant pain they will experience in their life. However, despite it being associated with the same fundamental physiological process, not all women experience labour pain in the same way.
A randomised controlled trial in comparing maternal and neonatal outcomes between hands-and-knees delivery position and supine position in China. Comparing the effects of spontaneous pushing versus Valsalva pushing technique on outcome of delivery in primiparous women - Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences - مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهرکرد. A meta-analysis of passive descent versus immediate pushing in nulliparous women with epidural analgesia in the second stage of labor. Objective: To determine which method of pushing—passive descent or early pushing—most benefits women with epidurals during second-stage labor. Data sources: MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database. Study selection: Studies limited to randomized controlled trials in English, comparing passive descent to early pushing in women with effective epidural analgesia.
Data extraction: A hand search was performed. Is routine use of episiotomy justified? Episiotomy for vaginal birth. Plain language summary Episiotomy for vaginal birth Vaginal tears can occur during childbirth, most often at the vaginal opening as the baby's head passes through, especially if the baby descends quickly. Tears can involve the perineal skin or extend to the muscles and the anal sphincter and anus. Selective versus routine use of episiotomy for vaginal birth. Abstract Background Some clinicians believe that routine episiotomy, a surgical cut of the vagina and perineum, will prevent serious tears during childbirth.
Relationship of episiotomy to perineal trauma and morbidity, sexual dysfunction, and pelvic floor relaxation. Long-term childhood outcomes of breech presentation by intended mode of delivery: a population record linkage study - Bin - 2016 - Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. Introduction There is a lack of information on long-term outcomes by mode of delivery for term breech presentation. We aimed to compare childhood mortality, cerebral palsy, hospitalizations, developmental, and educational outcomes associated with intended vaginal breech birth (VBB) compared to planned cesarean section . Material and methods Population birth and hospital records from New South Wales, Australia, were used to identify women with non-anomalous pregnancies eligible for VBB during 2001 to 2012. Intended mode of delivery was inferred from labor onset and management. Results Of 15,340 women considered eligible for VBB, 7.8% intended VBB, 74.2% planned cesarean section, and intention was uncertain for 18.1%.
Conclusions Planned VBB confers no additional risks for child health, development, or educational achievement compared to planned cesarean section. Pregnant women who smoke: a challenge to the patient-physician relationship. Ms. Evaluation of the Bonapace method.
Cf. tableau 1 "Mécanismes et techniques" – priestessofkwak
Making home birth even safer for mothers and babies. Nursing frequency, gonadal function and birth spacing among !Kung hunters-gatherers. Special Collection - Enabling breastfeeding for mothers and babies. Enabling women to breastfeed is a public health intervention with wide-reaching global implications. When Evidence Says No, but Doctors Say Yes - The Atlantic. What conclusions has Clinical Evidence drawn about what works, what doesn't based on randomised controlled trial evidence?