background preloader

Australia's Discovery

Facebook Twitter

The Crew on the Endeavour. The Crew The Marines The Civilians Deaths Forty men died on the voyage. However, most of these died in 1771 on the way home through the East Indies (Indonesia) where they caught diseases which spread quickly through the crew because of their close, unhygienic quarters. The deaths on board the Endeavour were recorded as follows: 1768 - drowned 2 1769 - drowned 1 1769 - frozen 2 1769 - died 1 1770 - deserted 1 1770 - discharged 1 1770 - died 1 Compiled from several sources.

For further information see: Beaglehole, J.C. Seascape Navigator - The Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory. Set in a scenic location overlooking the Arafura Sea is the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory (MAGNT) the premier cultural institution in the Northern Territory. The MAGNT is a vibrant institution, playing an important role in the recording and public expression of the distinctive cultural identity of our region. It is internationally renowned for its extensive art, cultural and scientific collections and research programs. Aspects of the region's art, natural sciences, history and culture feature in exhibitions of Aboriginal art, visual arts and craft, South East Asian art, maritime archaeology and Northern Territory history, providing visitors with an exciting and rewarding insight into the uniqueness, diversity and rich heritage of this pristine region of Australia.

The Maritime Gallery Located in Darwin, Australia’s most northern tropical city, the gallery has a permanent display of 21 boats and canoes. European discovery and the colonisation of Australia. European mariners Francesco Bartolozzi (1727-1815), Captn. James Cook, F.R.S, 1784, print: stipple engraving. Image courtesy of the . The first records of European mariners sailing into 'Australian' waters occurs around 1606, and includes their observations of the land known as Terra Australis Incognita (unknown southern land). The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutchman, Willem Janszoon. Between 1606 and 1770, an estimated 54 from a range of nations made contact. Many of these were merchant ships from the Dutch East Indies Company and included the ships of .

In 1770, Englishman Lieutenant James Cook charted the Australian east coast in his ship . This period of European exploration is reflected in the names of landmarks such as the Torres Strait, Arnhem Land, Dampier Sound, Tasmania, the Furneaux Islands, Cape Frecinyet and La Perouse. The First Fleet and a British colony Contacts and colonisation Victoria. South Seas - Voyaging Maps. Landings List | Australia on the map. A Timeline of unveiling Australia to the world Includes the ‘AOTM Landings List 1606 – 1814’ from Willem Janszoon* to Louis de Freycinet and Matthew Flinders.

It is a datebase of concise information about landings on and sightings of Australian coasts from recorded vessels from 1606 to 1814 in chronological order. Flags denote the nationality of the ships’ country of origin. Modern flags are used. This ‘Landing List’ includes those navigators who made a recorded contact, including visual contact with Australia during the period, as well as some relevant landmarks in the mapping of Australia. * Surnames ( Family names) were relatively uncommon in 17th century Holland.

Janszoon is pronounced like Yahns-zone with dialectic differences. ABC TV: Captain Cook. Endeavour-2.jpg (JPEG Image, 610 × 413 pixels) Discovery of Australia. The Discovery of Australia Aboriginal people discovered Australia, and have lived in Australia for more than 50 000 years. The first Europeans to discover Australia arrived in the 1600s.They were Dutch explorers from the Netherlands. The first Englishman to explore part of Australia was William Dampier in 1699. Captain James Cook explored and mapped the east coast in 1770. When and where did the first people come from? Humans probably began settling in Australia at least 50 000 years ago.

Settling across Australia. Some groups of people settled on the islands in the Torres Strait and are known as Torres Strait Islanders. How did they live? The Aboriginal communities were run by older members of the group, known as elders. Australian Aboriginal Flag You can read more about Australia's Aboriginal People from the links on this kidcyber page When did the first European explorers arrive?

William Dampier Back to Australia Discovery of Australia. Key points When European sailors began entering ‘Australian' waters in the early 1600s, they called it Terra Australis Incognita (unknown land of the South). Between 1606 and 1770 more than 50 European ships made landfall on Australian soil, which was then inhabited solely by Indigenous people. Navigator and astronomer Captain James Cook claimed the whole of the east coast of Australia for Great Britain on 22 August 1770, naming eastern Australia 'New South Wales'.

School A to Z features links to third-party websites and resources. Joseph Fowles, Ship in Full Sail Passing Sydney Head. Who discovered Australia? The most significant exploration of Australia in the 17th century was by the Dutch. The first ship and crew to chart part of the Australian coast (the west coast of Cape York Peninsular in Queensland) and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken, in 1606, captained by Dutchman Willem Janszoon. Videos More information. Australian Journeys. The Human Journey – Episode 3 (1999) clip 2 on ASO. Clip description When the wandering tribes from Africa reached the end of South-East Asia, they looked out across the sea to another land mass just 90 kilometres away, Australia. With remarkable planning and design skills, they built and provisioned sea-worthy vessels to carry them over the water to colonise this new frontier. Curator’s notes The coming of Aborigines to Australia is one of the great stories of prehistory and this third program in the series tells it well.

It is extraordinary that the story we know least well is that of our ancestors and how they migrated in small groups out of the Great Rift Valley of Africa over thousands of years to settle the world. The production house is Beyond Productions. South Land to New Holland - Introduction. Australian Aboriginal history timeline. 120,000 Analysis of pollen and charcoal giving a date of 120,000 BP suggests that people were using fire to clear land in the Lake George basin in the Southern Tablelands of NSW, about 30 kms north-east of Canberra.68,000 Current estimates for the arrival of Aboriginal people in Australia [2].60,000 Age of Lake Mungo 3 human remains (age range between 56,000 and 68,000 years), south-western NSW, 987 km west of Sydney.

Footprints discovered at Lake Mungo are believed to be 23,000 years old. Lake Mungo, New South Wales. Ancient camp sites have been found in this area.56,000 Suggested age of two north Australian sites (Nauwalabila and Malakunanja, about 300 kms east of Darwin). Archaeological evidence suggests that a rock shelter was used by people at a site in Arnhem Land (400 kms east of Darwin) in the Northern Territory. Rottnest Island, Western Australia. Australian History. Australian Discovery. Who Got to Australia First? - GATEWAYS - National Library of Australia. Cover of Chinese translation of Menzies’ book First map of Australia by Nicolas Vallard. Originally drawn in 1547 it is claimed this map shows the east coast of Australia with south orientated to the top. A reproduction of a 1566 world map by Nicolas Desliens. With south orientated at the top, the top left corner has a large land mass that is claimed to be Australia, charted from Chinese voyages.

The long study of non-Indigenous contact with Australia has seen much controversy in the question of exactly who was ‘first’ and when it happened. While nearby islanders have long traded with Australia’s Indigenous peoples, most history books count the Dutchman Willem Janszoon as being the first documented contact in 1606, when he sailed along the western side of Cape York Peninsula. See the Australia on the Map website for more information and for events celebrating the 400th anniversary of the landing. Maps and Atlases Books. Australia on the Map.