Primary School Learners - Australian National Maritime Museum. Australia’s Defining Moments Digital Classroom. Cook’s Pacific voyages - 4,5 (History) Australian classrooms have an opportunity to re-evaluate Cook’s place in history - Peter Tattersall - ABC Splash - The legacy of Captain Cook’s first voyage in the Pacific is a challenging one.
1788: Was life the same for everyone? Australian Curriculum: English Year 4 Sequence 1: Finding out what we know Sequence 2: Exploring an informative text: Avoid Being a Convict.
Resources for Primary and Secondary Students - ABC Education. Australian History Timeline. Convicts Transported to Australia: A Guide to Researching Your Convict Ancestors. First Fleet - Stories. The First Fleet. Home Our FREE ebooks Search Site Site Map Contact Us.
From Terra Australis to Australia. Skip to main content a3461012h.jpg The State Library's First Fleet Collection includes journals, letters, drawings, maps and charts created by those who actually travelled with the First Fleet of British ships to Australia.
It is one of the Library’s most significant and valuable collections. These powerful eyewitness accounts not only tell us about how the British viewed Port Jackson and its inhabitants, they also record the hopes and ambitions of the First Fleeters, their feelings of homesickness and despair, along with detailed descriptions of the unfamiliar natural environment. These observations also provide a glimpse into the Indigenous communities living in the Port Jackson area. Convicts and the British colonies in Australia. Augustus Earle (1793-1838), A government jail gang, Sydney, N S Wales, 1830.
Image courtesy of the National Library of Australia:nla.pic-an6065451. A penal colony On 18 January 1788 the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay, which Joseph Banks had declared suitable for a penal colony after he returned from a journey there in 1770. Captain Arthur Phillip, the fleet's commander, brought a small party of marines and seamen ashore, but found the location unsuitable because the harbour was unsafe and the area lacked fresh water. (The Oxford Companion to Australian History). The fleet then relocated to Port Jackson. After moving further into the harbour, on 26 January 1788 Phillip raised the British flag at Sydney Cove. 751 convicts and their children disembarked, along with 252 marines and their families. Two more convict fleets arrived in 1790 and 1791, and the first free settlers arrived in 1793. Twenty per cent of these first convicts were women. Convict labour. First Fleet: 04/02/2014, Behind the News.
Recently we celebrated Australia day on the 26th of January.
But why do we mark it on that day in particular? To answer that question, Sarah will take you back in time to 1788, to meet some kids who came to Australia on the First Fleet. Kid 1: “My name is John Hudson and I'm nine years old. I've been an orphan ever since I can remember and I made a living sweeping chimneys. It was horrible work, dangerous too. Kid 2: “For the theft of one linen shirt, value 10 shillings, five silk stockings, value 5 shillings, one pistol, value 5 shillings, and two aprons, value 2 shillings. Kid 3: “My name is Elizabeth Haywood and I'm 13 years old.
Kid 2: “For the theft of one linen gown, value 4 shillings, a silk bonnet value 2 shillings, and a bath cloth cloak, value 1 shilling. In London in the 1700s, gaols were full of people like Elizabeth and John; poor, hungry, unwanted. Reporter: England's laws were really, really harsh. One solution was transportation. The Voyage: A history game that is a museum about convict voyages. The Voyage is a free online game based on historical records about the transportation of convicts from Britain to the penal colony of Van Diemen’s Land around 1830.
Are you up to the challenge? The year is 1830. You are the Surgeon Superintendent aboard a convict vessel transporting its human cargo from Britain to the farthest reaches of the known world – Van Diemen’s Land. You are charged with delivering several hundred convicts to the colony in good health and in the shortest time possible, with minimum loss of life. This is the way to make money and further your reputation and position. Are you up to the challenge? Who am I and where am I going? The Voyage is based on historical records about the transportation of convicts from Britain to the penal colony of Van Diemen’s Land (modern Tasmania) around 1830. Traversing the globe by ship in the 1800s was dangerous, sometimes terrifying and often just plain boring!
Manage life onboard the ship It’s not all serious, though. Teaching Stage 2 History: First Contacts. Why did the great journeys of exploration occur?
What was life like for Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples before the arrival of the Europeans? Why did Europeans settle in Australia? What was the nature and consequences of contact between Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander peoples and early traders, explorers and settlers? HT-2-3: describes people, events and actions related to world exploration and its effects. ABC online education. ABC online education. ABC online education.