1770s - first sightings - My Place. At the end of April 1770, Joseph Banks (1743–1820) described in his journal the first sighting of the inhabitants of New Holland at Botany Bay.
He observed that two Indigenous men were watching the ship at anchor in Botany Bay and he described them as decorated, with broad white strokes painted on their chests, backs and legs. The men shook their weapons and shouted at them, which could have been a customary way of meeting with strangers or to warn them off, or may have been part of a ceremonial ritual if they believed the new arrivals were part of the spirit world.
Early Contact. The encounter. Discover.
Twelve Canoes. The Rabbits Part 1. The Rabbits Part 2. Aboriginal people and the colony of NSW - Australian History, Colonisation. Aboriginal people and the colony of NSW is an excerpt from the documentary Rites of Passage the second episode of the two-part series entitled Rogue Nation, produced in 2009.
Rogue NationHistorian Michael Cathcart tells the epic story of how the colourful characters of early colonial Australia transformed a penal settlement into a land with rights and opportunity in a mere 40 years. This sweeping two-part dramatised documentary covers formative events in Australia’s history, including the Rum Rebellion and early court cases, which established independence and civil rights for all settlers. Rogue Nation explores how a fledgling colony on the wrong side of the globe was rapidly transformed from a place of punishment to a place of opportunity; a confident and prosperous community. 1780s - First attempt at communication (Bennelong) - My Place.
Almost a year after their arrival at Sydney Cove, Governor Arthur Phillip (1738–1814) and his officers had acquired very little knowledge about the Eora people.
Phillip had been instructed to open communications with the local people. Records from the time document that the people were perceived to be shy and mostly kept away from the new settlement. This was most likely to avoid the gunshots and the attacks. On 29 January 1788, Phillip attempted to communicate with the local people. According to a young officer, William Bradley (1757? Governor Phillip ordered the capture of an Aboriginal man in order to learn more about the local culture, the country and its resources such as water and food. In November 1789 Bennelong (1764?
Bennelong. Bennelong (1764?
-1813), Aboriginal man, was captured in November 1789 and brought to the settlement at Sydney Cove by order of Governor Arthur Phillip, who hoped to learn from him more of the natives' customs and language. Bennelong took readily to life among the white men, relished their food, acquired a taste for liquor, learned to speak English and became particularly attached to the governor, in whose house he lodged. In May he escaped, and no more was seen of him until September when he was among a large assembly of natives at Manly, one of whom wounded Phillip with a spear. The attack seems to have been the result of a misunderstanding, and Bennelong took no part in it; indeed, he expressed concern and frequently appeared near Sydney Cove to inquire after the governor's health.
In December 1792 he sailed with Phillip for England where he was presented to King George III. His wife, Barangaroo, bore him a daughter named Dilboong who died in infancy. Citation details. Pemulwuy. Pemulwuy (c.1750–1802), Aboriginal warrior, was born near what was later named Botany Bay, on the northern side of the Georges River, New South Wales.
His name (also spelt as Pemulwhy, Pemulwoy or other variations) was derived from the Darug (Dharug) word pemul, meaning earth. Europeans also rendered his name as 'Bimblewove' and 'Bumbleway'. He spoke a dialect of the Darug language and had a blemish in his left eye. According to Colebe, his left foot had been clubbed, suggesting he was a carradhy (clever man). In December 1790 Pemulwuy speared John McIntyre, Governor Phillip's gamekeeper, who later died of the wound. Pemulwuy. Pemulwuy 1792: Aboriginal warrior Pemulwuy leads resistance against Sydney colonists Governor King to Lord Hobart, Secretary of State for the Colonies, 30 October 1802: Decided measures therefore became necessary to prevent the out-settlers from being robbed and plundered, and to restore the natives to a friendly intercourse.
With these views (founded on the opinions of the principal officers coinciding with mine), I gave orders for every person doing their utmost to bring Pemulwye in either dead or alive … A remarkable man Despite his reputation – both before and after his death – only a few firm facts are known about Pemulwuy (or Bembilwuyam).
A Bidjigal (Bidgigal) man from the Botany Bay area of Sydney, his country ‘stretched from Botany Bay south of the Cooks River and west along the Georges River to Salt Pan Creek, south of Bankstown.’ 1 He had two distinctive physical features: one eye had a ‘speck’ or blemish; and one foot was clubbed. Background to resistance Disrupting colonisation. Interactions between Europeans and Aboriginal Tasmanians - History (4,5) 1780s - Cultural differences - My Place. On 26 January 1788, the British government through Governor Arthur Phillip (1738–1814) claimed sovereignty over the area that Captain James Cook had named New South Wales.