Western Philosophy. Philosophy Study Guides - SparkNotes. Assembled Philosophers. Philosophical humor. Philosophy Timeline. The Cynic's Sanctuary. Pondering the Big Questions. Top 10 Schools of Philosophy. Miscellaneous Through history, various forms of philosophy have developed.
Many have fallen by the wayside but a number have stuck. This is a list of the top 10 schools of philosophy. 10. Solipsism Nothing exists; Even if something exists, nothing can be known about it; Even if something could be known about it, knowledge about it can’t be communicated to others. - Gorgias (485-375 BC) Solipsism is the idea that one can only know that one’s self exists and that anything outside the mind, such as the external word, can not be known to exist. Solipsism is often associated with nihilism and materialism. 9.
Everything is determined, the beginning as well as the end, by forces over which we have no control. . - Albert Einstein (1879-1955) Determinism is the philosophical theory that every event, including human cognition and behaviour, decision and action, is determined by an unbroken chain of prior occurrences. 8. . - John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) 7. . - Epicurus (341-270 BC) 6. . - Thomas H. Philosophy Definition, Prefix, Suffix, Ologies and Isms, Philosophy Information & Meaning. See also 21.
ARGUMENTATION ; 100. COSMOLOGY ; 104. CRITICISM ; 145. ETHICS ; 216. IDEAS ; 233. Accidentalism the philosophic doctrine that claims that events can or do occur without cause. — accidentalist, n. actualism. Philosophy Index. 11 Most Important Philosophical Quotations. 1.
“The unexamined life is not worth living” – Socrates (470-399 BCE) Socrates’ [wiki] belief that we must reflect upon the life we live was partly inspired by the famous phrase inscribed at the shrine of the oracle at Delphi, “Know thyself.” The key to finding value in the prophecies of the oracle was self-knowledge, not a decoder ring. Socrates felt so passionately about the value of self-examination that he closely examined not only his own beliefs and values but those of others as well. More precisely, through his relentless questioning, he forced people to examine their own beliefs. 2. Commonly known as Ockham’s razor, the idea here is that in judging among competing philosophical or scientific theories, all other things being equal, we should prefer the simplest theory.
The ultimate irony of Ockham’s razor may be that some have used it to prove God is unnecessary to the explanation of the universe, an idea Ockham the Franciscan priest would reject. Philosophers & Their Works.