International Society of Sports Nutrition position stands. Factsheets Archive - Sports Dietitians Australia (SDA) 2017 “Eat as If You Could Save the Planet and Win!” Sustainability Integration into Nutrition for Exercise and Sport. 3.4.1.
Plant Biodiversity—Diet Diversity In the last 100 years, three quarters of plant and animal species globally have been lost, and the majority of the world’s food supply comes from a dozen plant and a handful of animal species . At the same time, food processing has increased in a way that creates an artificial diversity and a false sense of food security, when browsing through endless aisles in a grocery store. Perhaps it is this level of agricultural simplification that has made the broad field of nutrition oblivious to the topic of biodiversity. Balanced nutrition depends not only on a variety of foods in the diet. 3.4.2. Dietary choice from the farm or factory gate produces variable foods with variable consequences.
2016 Nutrition and Athletic Performance. 2016 Nutritional implications for ultra-endurance walking and running events. Energy needs of the ultramarathon athlete As can be seen in Table 1, ultra-endurance events are highly diverse, but available literature suggest that they result in an energy deficit.
2016 Basic Principles of Sports Nutrition. Nutrients 2016 Special Issue : Nutrition, Health and Athletic Performance. Gastrointestinal (GI) ischemia during exercise is associated with luminal permeability and increased systemic lipopolysaccharides (LPS).
This study aimed to assess the impact of a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant intervention on endotoxin unit levels and GI permeability in recreational athletes. Thirty healthy participants (25 males, 5 females) were randomly assigned either a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant (LAB4ANTI; 30 billion CFU·day−1 containing 10 billion CFU·day−1Lactobacillus acidophilus CUL-60 (NCIMB 30157), 10 billion CFU·day−1Lactobacillus acidophillus CUL-21 (NCIMB 30156), 9.5 billion CFU·day−1Bifidobacterium bifidum CUL-20 (NCIMB 30172) and 0.5 billion CFU·day−1Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis CUL-34 (NCIMB 30153)/55.8 mg·day−1 fructooligosaccharides/ 400 mg·day−1 α-lipoic acid, 600 mg·day−1N-acetyl-carnitine); matched pro/prebiotic (LAB4) or placebo (PL) for 12 weeks preceding a long-distance triathlon.
2016 Physical activity and obesity: what we know and what we need to know* Introduction More than two-thirds (68.5%) of US adults were reported to be overweight with the prevalence of obesity and extreme obesity being 34.9% and 6.4%, respectively, in 2011–2012[1, 2].
More recently (2013), The Global Burden of Disease Study suggested that the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the USA was 70.9% in men (≥20 years old) and was 61.9% in women (≥20 years old) . Obesity increases the risk of developing several chronic diseases, such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and certain types of cancers. 2016 Protein intake for athletes and active adults: Current concepts and controversies. Abstract The demands of physical exertion mean that protein requirements for athletes and active adults are now accepted as being greater than sedentary populations and those described by population reference intakes of ~0.8 g protein per kg of body mass per day (g/kg/day).
Recent scholarly reviews and the latest guidelines for nutrition and athletic performance from the American College of Sports Medicine suggest intakes ranging from 1.2-2.0 g/kg/day whether performing aerobic or resistance exercise, with the higher range of intakes appropriate for the latter. 2016 Nutrition and the Endurance Runner. March 2016 Issue Nutrition and the Endurance Runner By Andrea N.
Giancoli, MPH, RD Today's Dietitian Vol. 18 No. 3 P. 28 Staying hydrated and fueling up with the right balance of carbs, protein, and fat is key to optimal performance. 2016 The Female Athlete Triad. 2016 Use of Performance-Enhancing Substances. 2015 Beta-Alanine: International society of sports nutrition position stand.
Beta-alanine is a non-proteogenic amino acid that is produced endogenously in the liver.
In addition, humans acquire beta-alanine through the consumption of foods such as poultry and meat. By itself, the ergogenic properties of beta-alanine are limited; however, beta-alanine has been identified as the rate-limiting precursor to carnosine synthesis [1, 2], and has been consistently shown to increase levels of carnosine in human skeletal muscle. 2015 Statement of the Third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia Consensus. The third International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia (EAH) Consensus Development Conference convened in Carlsbad, California in February 2015 with a panel of 17 international experts.
The delegates represented 4 countries and 9 medical and scientific sub-specialties pertaining to athletic training, exercise physiology, sports medicine, water/sodium metabolism, and body fluid homeostasis. The primary goal of the panel was to review the existing data on EAH and update the 2008 Consensus Statement.1 This document serves to replace the second International EAH Consensus Development Conference Statement and launch an educational campaign designed to address the morbidity and mortality associated with a preventable and treatable fluid imbalance.
The following statement is a summary of the data synthesized by the 2015 EAH Consensus Panel and represents an evolution of the most current knowledge on EAH. 1. A broad based expert panel was assembled. 2015 Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat. The development of hyperthermia during exercise in hot ambient conditions is associated with a rise in sweat rate, which can lead to progressive dehydration if fluid losses are not minimized by increasing fluid consumption.
Exercise-induced dehydration, leading to a hypohydrated state, is associated with a decrease in plasma volume and an increase in plasma osmolality that are proportional to the reduction in total body water . The increase in the core temperature threshold for vasodilation and sweating at the onset of exercise is closely linked to the ensuing hyperosmolality and hypovolemia [72, 73]. During exercise, plasma hyperosmolality reduces the sweat rate for any given core temperature and decreases evaporative heat loss . In addition, dehydration decreases cardiac filling and challenges blood pressure regulation [75, 76, 77]. In competition settings, hydration is dependent on several factors, including fluid availability and the specificities of the events.
2014 FINA-Yakult Consensus Statement on Nutrition for the Aquatic Sports. Home » FINA-Yakult Consensus Statement on Nutrition for the Aquatic Sports FINA-Yakult Consensus Statement on Nutrition for the Aquatic Sports Detopoulou, Paraskevi; Papamikos August 2014 International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism;Aug2014, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p349.
2014 Protein intake and exercise for optimal muscle function with aging: Recommendations from the ESPEN Expert Group. 2014 Nutritional Management of the Bariatric Athlete : Bariatric Times. By Silvia Leite Faria, MSc, RD, PhD; Orlando Pereira Faria, md; Mariane de Almeida Cardeal; and Caroline Soares Menezes Silvia Leite Faria, MSc, RD, PhD; Orlando Pereira Faria, MD; Mariane de Almeida Cardeal; and Caroline Soares Menezes are from Gastrocirurgia de Brasília, Brasília, Brazil. FUNDING: No funding was provided. DISCLOSURES: The author reports no conflicts of interest to the content of this article. Bariatric Times. 2014;11(10):10–14. ABSTRACT The aim of this article is to present a review of current literature on treating of the post-surgery influence of physical activity and, based on the findings, propose recommendations directly related to the needs of the physically active bariatric patient.
PA associated with a healthy diet provides more effective weight loss during short or long periods than either of them alone.[6,8] Dietary adequacy helps to avoid fatigue, improve recovery, and lower the risk of injury, while ensuring a proper replenishment of energy. Whey. Casein. 2014 Evidence-based recommendations for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: nutrition and supplementation. PubMed, MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL electronic databases were searched online. Each author was assigned a portion of the manuscript to write specific to their area(s) of expertise. Authors performed searches for key words associated with their portion(s) of the manuscript; calories and macronutrients, nutrient timing and meal frequency, dietary supplementation, psychosocial issues and “peak week” were the selected topics. The publications obtained were carefully screened for studies that included healthy humans or humans in a caloric deficit.
2013 Developing a Plan to Recognize and Refer Student-Athletes With Psychological Concerns at the Collegiate Level:Consensus Statement. 2013 Sport nutrition: A review of the latest guidelines for exercise and sport nutrition. 2013 energy drinks: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand.