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How the language you speak changes your view of the world - Science - News - The Independent. Bilinguals get all the perks.

How the language you speak changes your view of the world - Science - News - The Independent

Better job prospects, a cognitive boost and even protection against dementia. Now new research shows that they can also view the world in different ways depending on the specific language they are operating in. The past 15 years have witnessed an overwhelming amount of research on the bilingual mind, with the majority of the evidence pointing to the tangible advantages of using more than one language. Going back and forth between languages appears to be a kind of brain training, pushing your brain to be flexible. Just as regular exercise gives your body some biological benefits, mentally controlling two or more languages gives your brain cognitive benefits. Germans know where they’re going In research we recently published in Psychological Science, we studied German-English bilinguals and monolinguals to find out how different language patterns affected how they reacted in experiments.

Switch languages, change perspective. Do you know the difference between a Holocaust and a holocaust? The Armenians do - Comment. And Ross is right.

Do you know the difference between a Holocaust and a holocaust? The Armenians do - Comment

And I think I know the background to this slippage in nomenclature. When I worked in the Middle East for The Times – long before Murdoch emasculated the paper – we found that whenever we referred to the Persian Gulf, Arab states would refuse to let the paper go on sale in Dubai or Cairo. But whenever we called it the Arabian Gulf, the paper was not allowed into Iran. So we went for “The Gulf”. Maybe this was a bit cowardly – I wasn’t involved in the decision – but many other papers followed suit.

READ MOREWar with Isis: Theresa May tinkers while Iraq and Syria burn. Robert Fisk on the CIA 'torture report': Once again language is distorted in order to hide US state wrongdoing - Comment. Or, as the lads who torture on our behalf call it, “enhanced interrogation techniques”.

Robert Fisk on the CIA 'torture report': Once again language is distorted in order to hide US state wrongdoing - Comment

Let’s take a closer look at that. “Enhanced” is a word of improvement. It suggests something better, more learned, even less costly. For example, “enhanced medicine” would presumably involve a more streamlined way of improving your health. Just as “enhanced schooling” would suggest a more worthy education for a child.

French

Bilingualism offers 'huge advantages', claims Cambridge University head. Leszek Borysiewicz, vice-chancellor of Cambridge University, sees bilingualism is an important asset.

Bilingualism offers 'huge advantages', claims Cambridge University head

Photograph: Felix Clay for the Guardian Arriving at his Cardiff primary school aged five, the future vice-chancellor of Cambridge University had just one English phrase. JohnPerivolaris. Multilingualism: Johnson: Bringing up baby bilingual. Quebec's Language Laws Lead to "Pastagate" In Canada, the province of Quebec's endless language wars are playing out yet again in the public arena, this time as farce — thanks in no small part to the power of social media.

Quebec's Language Laws Lead to "Pastagate"

The long-running language debate in a province where English-speakers are outnumbered by French-speakers, has recently reached new heights of absurdity against the backdrop of a proposed language law tabled by the province's separatist minority government. Bill 14, a piece of legislation authored by Premiere Pauline Marois’ Parti Québecois, would toughen the province’s existing laws, limiting access to English education for Francophones and Anglophones alike, stripping many municipalities of their bilingual status, and broadening the powers of the province’s so-called “language police”. This comes on top of a controversial law passed in 1977 — the Charter of the French Language, popularly known as Bill 101, which enshrines French as the province’s official language. Elisabeth Fraser is a Canadian journalist.

Reviewed: The Silence of Animals by John Gray. The Silence of Animals: On Progress and Other Modern Myths John GrayAllen Lane, 240pp, £18.99 The first book by John Gray I read was his study of the thought of Isaiah Berlin, published in 1995.

Reviewed: The Silence of Animals by John Gray

Reading it had a profound effect on my thinking about morality but I suspect that writing it had an even more profound effect on Gray and may have been a significant turning point in his philosophy.

English

Spanish. Grammar: A Matter of Fashion. Draft is a series about the art and craft of writing. “Much was said, and much was ate, and all went well.” Clearly this sentence was written by a fourth grader – or at best someone not ushered into acquaintance with “proper” grammar. Like, say, Jane Austen? That’s straight out of her novel “Mansfield Park.” Linguists insist that it’s wrong to designate any kind of English “proper” because language always changes and always has.

Fair enough – but there’s a middle ground. Those who ignore rules of fashion exercise little influence in society, whether we like it or not. We are taught that a proper language makes perfect logical sense, and that allowing changes willy-nilly threatens chaos. Not to the Stone Age: just to the 19th century, to the characters in, say, Edith Wharton’s novels. Sabine Dowek To say the house is being built felt slangy and newfangled to many. So, hemlines went up, while Lobster Newburg, chintz and sarsaparilla fell out of fashion. Endangered Languages Project.