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Starting, Stopping and Restarting Web-servers in Linux. Controlling your web servers can typically be done using simple commands like: start, stop and restart – but XAMPP also have a few additional commands that can be used to control the servers independently.

Starting, Stopping and Restarting Web-servers in Linux

The part you write in front of the command may look something like: /etc/init.d/apache2, the front part of the command should of course correspond to your installation directory. Keep in mind that in Unix-like systems, such as Ubuntu, things are often located somewhat all over the place. You may need to run the commands in this article as root, so either run them with sudo in front, or switch to root with the su command before using them. I.e. sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 start Apache The Apache HTTP Server can be controlled from a terminal with the "standard" start, stop and restart commands.

How to change directory permissions in Linux. CSS Circles. I’m Cloud Four’s resident expert on circles.

CSS Circles

I didn’t plan to be. A while back, we worked on a project that involved a lot of circles… circular containers, circular thumbnails, circular buttons. Before I knew it, I became the guy to talk to if you were having trouble with circles and CSS. But I’ll let you in on a secret: There’s not a lot to know. By the end of this article, I have a feeling you’ll be an expert, too. There are several techniques for defining dynamic circular shapes in HTML and CSS, each with pros and cons. Web Design Experiments by Jen Simmons. I'm trying to figure out how to best do this layout.

Web Design Experiments by Jen Simmons

I want hexagons to nest, to be fluid, and I want them to automatically align themselves into different number of columns based on how much space there is. Sometimes 1 column, 2 col, 3col, 4col, 5col, etc. Hexagon 4 does this — alters the number of columns based on how much space there is. But I'm not sure how to get the hexagons to nuzzle up next to each other in Hexagon 4. I'm thinking named lines might help, which is why I used them in Hexagon 5, but that would only help if we could tell auto-placement to figure out what the next named line is in the available space. Create a responsive grid layout with no media queries, using CSS Grid - Andy Bell. Embracing the flexible nature of the web gives us powerful, resilient front-ends, where instead of using specific sizes, we give elements sensible boundaries and let them auto-fill where possible.

The Alternative Dictionary of Web Design Terms. It’s a universal truth that there’s more than one meaning to just about every word.

The Alternative Dictionary of Web Design Terms

This is doubly true for industry lingo. If you’re just getting started in web design, you need to know what everything really means, if you want to get ahead. So here it is: here’s what the Secret Web Design Illuminati doesn’t want you to know. Web Design Museum. CSS Cheat Sheet. Hearthstone Style Card Hover. CSS-Only Direction-Aware Cube Links. Learn CSS Grid - A Guide to Learning CSS Grid Layout. CopyChar - ⌘+C – Copy special characters to your clipboard. Getting Hardboiled with CSS Custom Properties.

Custom Properties are a fabulous new feature of CSS and have widespread support in contemporary browsers.

Getting Hardboiled with CSS Custom Properties

But how do we handle browsers without support for CSS Custom Properties? CSS Timeline Examples From CodePen. How to prototype websites quickly with CSS Grid. The CSS Grid module is a fantastic tool for creating mockups of websites.

How to prototype websites quickly with CSS Grid

It allows you to experiment with the layout faster than any other system I’ve tried. CSS Grid Starter Layouts. This is a collection of starter templates for layouts and patterns using CSS Grid.

CSS Grid Starter Layouts

The idea here is to show off what the technique is capable of doing and provide a starting point that can be re-purposed for other projects. Remember that browser support for Grid is good but requires fallbacks for legacy browsers. Feel Homey. Handy Tips For Home Page Design. There’s no place like home, they say.

Feel Homey. Handy Tips For Home Page Design.

And in the growing world of websites for all the needs and aims, it actually works the same. Home page has multiple functions: it’s a card of invitation, a starting point of the journey around the website, a storage of the vital links and data, and a strategic asset for marketing goals. In the majority of cases, it is often the first visual and emotional touch to the website. No doubt, design is one of the core ways to make this touch gentle, smart and helpful. Today we are discussing some effective tips for creating user-friendly home pages. One of our previous articles has already given the insights into the definition, types of content such a page usually includes and basic design strategies increasing home page usability.

Firefox DevTools PlayGround. A pure CSS background image as slideshow solution with 2 examples. Ken Burns Effect fullscreen without js. CSS Grid Cheat Sheet. Looks visually better however it does not currently work on all situations.

CSS Grid Cheat Sheet

Turn off if the lines look off. Defines the columns of the grid with a space-separated list of values. The values represent the track size, and the space between them represents the grid line. Defines the rows of the grid with a space-separated list of values. The values represent the track size, and the space between them represents the grid line. Specifies the size of the grid lines. Specifies the size of the grid lines. Aligns the content inside a grid item along the row axis. Box shadow only bottom. CSS Grid Responsive Layout. CSS Grid PlayGround.

Use spread to manipulate the box-shadow. Read me!

Use spread to manipulate the box-shadow

If an example uses spread it's marked red Hover over the boxes to reveal only the shadow (background: transparent) Supports Chrome 9+, Safari 3.2+, Firefox 3.5+ or InternetExplorer 9 Feel free to fork this website at Don't forget to visit our blog Constant box-shadow box-shadow: 0 0 10px #555. Button (with Click and Hover effect) Real content for all your designs - Lists. Ivan Drinchev's Blog - CSS with only class names. I wanted to make a note to myself and a reference for any co-working front-end colleagues about the good old problem of structuring your stylesheets. These days we anyway got rid of id selectors and attribute selectors, so the only common selector that left is the tag selector. First let me make some exceptions. Grid by Example. 11 Shocking Designs Straight Out of the ‘90s. The Internet has certainly been through a lot over the past 20+ years. We’ve watched web design change from the most basic of HTML markups to complex JavaScript, CSS and HTML5 coding.

Fullscreen Background Image Slideshow with CSS3. Image 01re·lax·a·tion Image 02qui·e·tude Image 03bal·ance Image 04e·qua·nim·i·ty Image 05com·po·sure Image 06se·ren·i·ty. GitHub - kamranahmedse/developer-roadmap at Practical CSS Grid: Adding Grid to an Existing Design · An A List Apart Article. Understanding and using Grid is easier than you might expect. The day Grid support shipped in Firefox 52, I decided on the spur of the moment to convert the basic layout of my personal site to use Grid. And it was a fairly simple process—five minutes to write the grid styles, then 15-20 spent troubleshooting. Article Continues Below Grid allows us to literally define column and row grid lines, then attach elements to those lines in any order we choose.

10 Rock Solid Website Layout Examples. Keeping It Simple Page layout is equal parts art and science. Creating something that’s visually attractive and unique takes an artist’s eye. CSS Parallax Orbs. Night sky with twinkling stars - CSS3 only. Navigation Bar by Jan Kaděra.