How politics makes us stupid. In April and May of 2013, Yale Law professor Dan Kahan — working with coauthors Ellen Peters, Erica Cantrell Dawson, and Paul Slovic — set out to test a question that continuously puzzles scientists: why isn’t good evidence more effective in resolving political debates?
For instance, why doesn’t the mounting proof that climate change is a real threat persuade more skeptics? The leading theory, Kahan and his coauthors wrote, is the Science Comprehension Thesis, which says the problem is that the public doesn’t know enough about science to judge the debate. It’s a version of the More Information Hypothesis: a smarter, better educated citizenry wouldn’t have all these problems reading the science and accepting its clear conclusion on climate change. But Kahan and his team had an alternative hypothesis.
Perhaps people aren’t held back by a lack of knowledge. Kahan and his team came up with a clever way to test which theory was right. What result does the study support? Human Computer Interaction - Google Scholar-Kennzahlen. A meta-analysis of the technology acceptance model. A Katz Graduate School of Business, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USAb School of Management, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, MI 48126, USA Received 9 September 2005, Revised 8 March 2006, Accepted 13 May 2006, Available online 2 August 2006 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access doi:10.1016/j.im.2006.05.003 Get rights and content Abstract A statistical meta-analysis of the technology acceptance model (TAM) as applied in various fields was conducted using 88 published studies that provided sufficient data to be credible.
Keywords Technology acceptance model; TAM; Meta-analysis; Perceived usefulness; Ease of use; Behavioral intention Copyright © 2006 Elsevier B.V. William R. Jun He is an assistant professor of MIS at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. Johns Hopkins Magazine. For Hopkins bioethicists, who grapple daily with the tough ethical questions inherent in research involving human subjects, Miller's call for a change in culture at Hopkins has particular resonance.
User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction. A change in the climate: Online social capital and the spiral of silence. A change in the climate: Online social capital and the spiral of silence Kim Sheehan Abstract.
Selective exposure theory. From a Historical perspective selective exposure has influenced humanity throughout the years through a variety of different mediums.
Selective exposure is a theory within the practice of psychology, often used in media and communication research, that historically refers to individuals’ tendency to favor information which reinforces their pre-existing views while avoiding contradictory information. Selective exposure to information refers to the phenomenon in which individuals tend to prefer information that supports a certain view or decision and in which they tend to neglect conflicting information.
Selective exposure has also been known and defined as "Congeniality Bias" or "Confirmation Bias" in various texts throughout the years. According to the historical use of the term, people tend to select specific aspects of exposed information which they incorporate into their mindset. Effect on decision-making Individual versus group decision-making Personal attributes Confirmation bias. Confirmation bias, also called confirmatory bias or myside bias,[Note 1] is the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one's preexisting beliefs or hypotheses, while giving disproportionately less consideration to alternative possibilities. It is a type of cognitive bias and a systematic error of inductive reasoning.
People display this bias when they gather or remember information selectively, or when they interpret it in a biased way. The effect is stronger for emotionally charged issues and for deeply entrenched beliefs. People also tend to interpret ambiguous evidence as supporting their existing position. Infostorms - Hansen - 2013 - Metaphilosophy. Towards a definition of serendipity in information behaviour. Introduction.
10. Author(s): Stephann Makri (UCL Interaction Centre, University College London, London, UK) Ann Blandford (UCL Interaction Centre, University College London, London, UK) Citation:
Serendipity dimensions and users' information behaviour in the physical library interface. Introduction This paper outlines an exploratory study concerned with what types of information behaviour users employ in order to find materials in a public library: How do users find what they find?
Special focus was on identifying dimensions in the physical library that may affect possibilities for serendipity, that is, when users find materials and information not planned for (e.g., Foster and Ford 2003; Van Andel 1994). An underlying incentive in the study was a realization that in order to design physical spaces in public libraries that may attract users and prevent library bypass, it is important to know more about library users' information behaviour. The overall aim of the study was to develop a conceptual framework including models to describe users' interaction with library interfaces. Users' information behaviour in public libraries has been investigated in different ways over the past decades. Engage: Social Media Talks. AfterCollege.png (PNG Image, 1125 × 3750 pixels) - Scaled (26%) Alessandro Acquisti-The Economics of Privacy-Resources on financial privacy,economics,anonymity. This page provides links to resources on the economics of privacy, financial privacy, and the economics of anonymity: papers, people, related conferences, and other links.
Behind a privacy intrusion there is often an economic trade-off. The reduction of the cost of storing and manipulating information has led organizations to capture increasing amounts of data about individual behavior. The hunger for customization and usability has led individuals to reveal more about themselves to other parties. New trade-offs have emerged in which privacy, economics, and technology are inextricably linked: individuals want to avoid the misuse of the information they pass along to others, but they also want to share enough information to achieve satisfactory interactions; organizations want to know more about the parties with which they interact, but they do not want to alienate them with policies deemed as intrusive. To subscribe/unsubscribe to updates, send an email to privacy_subscribe. 294.pdf. A Periodic Table of Visualization Methods.
Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online. Markham Nolan: How to separate fact and fiction online. BELBIN®: The home of Belbin Team Roles. Amy Jo Kim. Amy Jo Kim is an American author and researcher on the subject of online communities. She is noted for her influential conceptual frameworks for online communities, in particular the Membership Lifecycle that was presented in her 2000 book, Community Building on the Web, a design handbook for networked communities.
It is considered to be a "cult classic" (available in seven languages) and has become required reading in game design studios and university classes worldwide. Education Kim holds a PhD in Behavioral Neuroscience from the University of Washington, and a BS in Experimental Psychology from University of California, San Diego. Professional life Kim has been a designer of social games and gaming environments for clients like Digital Chocolate, Electronic Arts, eBay, Yahoo! Kim was formerly the VP of Social Architecture for There, Inc., a virtual worlds platform and services company. Speaking engagements
Interviewing Users. Interviewing is a foundational user research tool that people assume they already possess. Everyone can ask questions, right? Unfortunately, that’s not the case. Interviewing Users provides invaluable interviewing techniques and tools that enable you to conduct informative interviews with anyone. You’ll move from simply gathering data to uncovering powerful insights about people. Storytelling for User Experience. Crafting Stories for Better Design Published: April 2010 Digital: ISBN 1-933820-03-9 by Whitney Quesenbery & Kevin Brooks Storytelling is as old as humanity. We seem to have forgotten this communication art, its wisdom, and its pleasure, in an era of action-movies with mindless superheroes and heroines. Quesenbery and Brooks help us to remember the power of effective and affective storytelling in all phases of product/service development, from research and analysis, to design and evaluation. We all tell stories. Quantified Self.
Elements. User Experience Deliverables. January 27, 2009 It's an exhilarating time for the user experience community. Rising awareness of our value plus emerging technologies and transmedia trends have created conditions for a step change in our practice. As an information architect, I'm enjoying the new challenges immensely, even as they sweep me outside my comfort zone. I've designed social software and rich user interfaces. I've sketched scenarios for the future of mobile search. Happiness / 7 cmdt. Oneness – happiness / 7 commandments | identity | thoughts | beautiful people | gender equality | sustainable living. Undergraduate Scholarly Habits Ethnography Project. Gernot Wersig: Zur Zukunft der Metapher "Informationswissenschaft" Prof. Dr. INLS 101: Foundations of Information Science, Spring 2013: Schedule.
Informationsverhalten. Theories (Book by Wilson) Usability.