Fields of psychology
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The online forensic psychology dictionary (Over 100 Terms as of 18-2-99)
Life of the Mind
As a psychologist – I received my PhD in clinical psychology – I have long been concerned by the problematic reputation of psychology in the public eye. Our besieged public standing has made it difficult for psychologists to obtain much-needed funding to carry out research, and it may make would-be mental health consumers less likely to approach us for help. Psychology’s already embattled status as a science has taken several recent hits in the public eye – not least in the US, where I do my research. Last year, US Senator Thomas Coburn released a report arguing we should strip social science funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and to eliminate NSF’s Social, Behavioral, and Economics Directorate.
We all have them -- positive memories of personal events that are a delight to recall, and painful recollections that we would rather forget. A new study reveals that what we do with our emotional memories and how they affect us has a lot to do with our gender, personality and the methods we use (often without awareness) to regulate our feelings. The study appears in Emotion, a journal of the American Psychological Association.
Personality Theories : An Introduction Dr. C. George Boeree Personality psychology , also known as personology, is the study of the person, that is, the whole human individual. Most people, when they think of personality, are actually thinking of personality differences - types and traits and the like.
Learn more about personality, how it develops, and how it influences our behavior. Read about the major theories of personality development. Learn how psychologists define personality and how it influences our behavior and actions.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology that studies personality and individual differences.
Key Figures & Theories Gordon Allport Gordon Allport was an American psychologist who focused on individuals personalities. Allport is sometimes referred to as the founder of personality psychology. He believed that the study of personality could be characterized in 2 ways. The first, nomothetic, refers to traits and rules of personality that can be generalized to large amounts and types of people.
Personality psychology is a branch of psychology which studies personality and individual different processes - that which makes us into a person. One emphasis is on trying to create a coherent picture of a person and all his or her major psychological processes. Another emphasis views it as the study of individual differences. For more information about the topic Personality psychology , read the full article at Wikipedia.org , or see the following related articles:
The Evolutionary Psychology FAQ Last updated September 8, 2004.
First published Fri Feb 8, 2008 Evolutionary psychology is one of many biologically informed approaches to the study of human behavior. Along with cognitive psychologists, evolutionary psychologists propose that much, if not all, of our behavior can be explained by appeal to internal psychological mechanisms.
Evolutionary psychology ( EP ) is an approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological traits such as memory , perception , and language from a modern evolutionary perspective . It seeks to identify which human psychological traits are evolved adaptations – that is, the functional products of natural selection or sexual selection . Adaptationist thinking about physiological mechanisms, such as the heart, lungs, and immune system, is common in evolutionary biology .
1. What Is Evolutionary Psychology? The term "evolutionary psychology" is sometimes used simply as "a shorthand for 'psychological theorizing informed by modern evolutionary theory'" (Daly & Wilson 1988 , p. 7), a shorthand for "understanding the human mind/brain mechanisms in evolutionary perspective" (Buss 1999 , p. 3). This portrays evolutionary psychology as a field of inquiry , which is so broad as to cover work ranging from studies of the optimality of foraging and birth spacing in hunter-gatherer societies to studies of encephalization (the progressive increase in brain size relative to body size in the human lineage) and the evolution of altruism and language.
Evolutionary Psychology This paper addresses a fundamental limitation in most attempts to apply the findings of evolutionary psychology to the human condition. Most attempts focus on how our biological past constrains and limits our behavioural options (including our cognitive abilities). They generally fail to look at whether these constraints can be overcome in our future evolution.
What is Evolutionary Psychology? Simply put: Evolutionary psychology is the combination of two sciences -- evolutionary biology and cognitive psychology. Introducing Evolutionary Psychology , Dylan Evans & Oscar Zarate, Totem Books, New York, 2000 Another explanation: Evolutionary psychology is the approach of explaining human behavior based on the combination of evolutionary biology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the neurosciences. Evolutionary psychology is not a specific sub field of psychology, such as the study of vision, reasoning, or social behavior.