The Dred Scott Decision. Missouri Historical Society Portrait of Dred Scott by Louis Schultze, painted from a photograph.
From the 1780s, the question of whether slavery would be permitted in new territories had threatened the Union. Image 3 of The Dred Scott decision : opinion of Chief Justice Taney. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style: United States Supreme Court, Roger Brooke Taney, John H Van Evrie, and Samuel A Cartwright. Dred Scott. Dred Scott first went to trial to sue for his freedom in 1847.
Ten years later, after a decade of appeals and court reversals, his case was finally brought before the United States Supreme Court. In what is perhaps the most infamous case in its history, the court decided that all people of African ancestry -- slaves as well as those who were free -- could never become citizens of the United States and therefore could not sue in federal court.
Dred Scott Case - Black History. My TV provider is not listed.
Why not? We are currently working on adding more TV providers. Please check back frequently to see if your TV provider has been added. Why do I need to log in to watch some video content? Viewers who verify their subscription to a TV provider get access to a deeper catalog of video content, including more full episodes.
Dred Scott v. Sandford: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress) Library of Congress Web Site | External Web Sites | Selected Bibliography Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress The complete Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress consists of approximately 20,000 documents.
Abraham Lincoln, [December 1856] (Speech Fragment on Dred Scott Case) The Frederick Douglass Papers at the Library of Congress. Missouri Digital Heritage: Dred Scott Case, 1846-1857. In its 1857 decision that stunned the nation, the United States Supreme Court upheld slavery in United States territories, denied the legality of black citizenship in America, and declared the Missouri Compromise to be unconstitutional.
All of this was the result of an April 1846 action when Dred Scott innocently made his mark with an "X," signing his petition in a pro forma freedom suit, initiated under Missouri law, to sue for freedom in the St. Louis Circuit Court. Desiring freedom, his case instead became the lightning rod for sectional bitterness and hostility that was only resolved by war. Dred Scott v. Sandford.