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For 1 John 1 .1 ("That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life") , cf. Origen . For John 8 .12 ("I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life") , see Symeon the New Theologian . For John 14 .19 ("Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also") , see Cyril of Alexandria . For Matt. 1 .23 (" Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us ") & Matt. 28 .20 (" And, lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world "), cf.
The New Testament Greek lexicon based on Thayer's and Smith's Bible Dictionary plus others; this is keyed to the large Kittel and the "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament." Also included are pronunciations of each word with alternate pronunciations if available. Bible Study Tools offers two Bible versions, King James and New American Standard, for studying within the New Testament lexicons.
The Old Testament Hebrew lexicon is Brown, Driver, Briggs, Gesenius Lexicon; this is keyed to the "Theological Word Book of the Old Testament." Also included are pronunciations of each word with alternate pronunciations if available. Bible Study Tools offers two Bible versions, King James and New American Standard, for studying within the Old Testament lexicons. NOTE: In order to see the actual Greek and Hebrew characters you must download and install the free BST Fonts.
Then name Ashkenaz ( Bereishit 10:3 ) has since the 10th century been identified with Germany. As the German and French Jews of the medieval period formed a uniform group in culture and religious customs, they were all referred to as Ashkenazim in contradistinction to the Sefardim or Spanish- Portuguese Jews. Ashkenazim are the people who use Nusach Ashkenaz, the prayer arrangement adopted by the medieval Franco-German Jews, including certain variations described as belonging to the Polish custom ( Minhag Polin ). In the 18th century, the Chasidic movement adopted the Sefardic arrangement of prayers; hence, the Chasidim have been called Sefardim on many occasions. The Ashkenazim in Eastern Europe developed an intense religious life, disseminating Talmudic scholarship among the people to a degree never before surpassed in Jewish history. A high Jewish literacy existed in an illiterate non-Jewish environment.
The Hebrew and Yiddish languages use a different alphabet than English. The picture below illustrates the Hebrew alphabet, in Hebrew alphabetical order. Note that Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last. The Hebrew alphabet is often called the "alefbet," because of its first two letters. Letters of the Alefbet Table 1: The Hebrew Alphabet
According to the Masoretic Text and the JPS 1917 Edition © 2005 all rights reserved to Mechon Mamre for this HTML version If you do not know any Hebrew, try our Hebrew Bible in English ; if you know Hebrew well, you may prefer one of our four all Hebrew Bibles . If you know French better than English, try our Hebrew-French Bible ; and if you know Portuguese better than English, you will probably prefer the Hebrew-Portuguese Bible ; and if you know Spanish better than English, you will probably prefer the Hebrew-Spanish Bible . Regular Public Torah Readings (Parashiyot)