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The Bystander Effect

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The Bystander Effect became a subject of significant interest following the brutal murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964.

It was reported that for over half an hour 38 people heard or saw the man attack her. However, none of the witnesses called the police.

Here, we will explain what the Bystander Effect is and how you can counteract the Bystander Effect. Definition. Youtube Video explaining what Is the Bystander Effect? Additional readings - Scientific Journal on Group Inhibition of Bystander Intervention in Emergencies. 1a. Pluralistic ignorance. 1b. Youtube video illustrating on Pluralistic ignorance - Why we sometimes fail to achieve what we want. 2a. Diffusion of responsibility. 2b. Youtube video illustrating the diffusion of responsibility. Online sources including the causes and examples of the Bystander Effect. Definition The phenomenon which explains the likeliness of a person to take some sort of action to help someone in distress depending on the number of people present in the scene is regarded as bystander effect.

Online sources including the causes and examples of the Bystander Effect

If you witnessed a emergency situation happening in front of you, you would definitely take some sort of action right? Psychologists argue that it may not be the case as number of people present in the scene impacts how you (a person) would react. Additional readings - Textbook article further illustrating on pluralistic ignorance and diffusion of responsibility. Review Bibb Latané and John Darley’s model of helping behavior and indicate the social psychological variables that influence each stage. Although emotional responses such as guilt, personal distress, and empathy are important determinants of altruism, it is the social situation itself—the people around us when we are deciding whether or not to help—that has perhaps the most important influence on whether and when we help.

Consider the unusual case of the killing of 28-year-old Katherine “Kitty” Genovese in New York City at about 3:00 a.m. on March 13, 1964. Her attacker, Winston Moseley, stabbed and sexually assaulted her within a few yards of her apartment building in the borough of Queens. 1a. Delegate. 1b. Scientific article on bystander effect was virtually eliminated and help was received much more quickly when help was asked for by specifying a bystander's name. 2a. Bystander Intervention. 2b. Active Bystanders: Active Bystander Strategies. Additional readings - Bystander Intervention.