How to brainstorm effectively Mr. Malfoy is new to the business of having ideas, and so when he has one, he becomes proud of himself for having it.
How to Make a Complete Map of Every Thought you Think Last Update: 12.31am, Thur 7 Aug 2003
OpenCog Foundation | Building better minds together
Consciousness, information integration, and the brain Based on a phenomenological analysis, we have argued that consciousness corresponds to the capacity to integrate information. We have then considered how such capacity can be measured, and we have developed a theoretical framework for consciousness as information integration. An information integration theory of consciousness
Probability Theory: The Logic Of Science
A categorical foundation for Bayesian probability theory
A Tutorial on Bayesian Belief Netoworks
Bayes' Theorem for the curious and bewildered; an excruciatingly gentle introduction. Your friends and colleagues are talking about something called "Bayes' Theorem" or "Bayes' Rule", or something called Bayesian reasoning. They sound really enthusiastic about it, too, so you google and find a webpage about Bayes' Theorem and...
In algorithmic information theory (a subfield of computer science ), the Kolmogorov complexity (also known as descriptive complexity , Kolmogorov– Chaitin complexity , algorithmic entropy , or program-size complexity ) of an object, such as a piece of text, is a measure of the computational resources needed to specify the object. It is named after Andrey Kolmogorov , who first published on the subject in 1963. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] For example, consider the following two strings of length 64, each containing only lowercase letters and digits: Kolmogorov complexity
Around 1960, Ray Solomonoff founded the theory of universal inductive inference , the theory of prediction based on observations; for example, predicting the next symbol based upon a given series of symbols. Inductive inference
LessWrong Sequences A sequence is a series of multiple posts on Less Wrong on the same topic, to coherently and fully explore a particular thesis.
Honest disagreement is often a good sign of progress. The Disagreement Hierarchy
References & Resources for LessWrong A list of references and resources for LW
LW How-to Guides and Tips
For years, my self-education was stupid and wasteful. I learned by consuming blog posts, Wikipedia articles, classic texts, podcast episodes, popular books, video lectures , peer-reviewed papers, Teaching Company courses, and Cliff's Notes. How inefficient!
How to explain things! (fiddlemath)
How to explain things! (SilasBarta)
Many cognitive biases have been demonstrated by research in psychology and behavioral economics . These are systematic deviations from a standard of rationality or good judgment.
How Near-Miss Events Amplify Risky Decision Making + Author Affiliations
The scourge of perverse-mindedness This website is devoted to the art of rationality, and as such, is a wonderful corrective to wrong facts and, more importantly, wrong procedures for finding out facts. There is, however, another type of cognitive phenomenon that I’ve come to consider particularly troublesome, because it militates against rationality in the irrationalist, and fights against contentment and curiousity in the rationalist. For lack of a better word, I’ll call it perverse-mindedness.
In statistics , the multiple comparisons , multiplicity or multiple testing problem occurs when one considers a set of statistical inferences simultaneously [ 1 ] or infers a subset of parameters selected based on the observed values. [ 2 ] Errors in inference, including confidence intervals that fail to include their corresponding population parameters or hypothesis tests that incorrectly reject the null hypothesis are more likely to occur when one considers the set as a whole. Multiple comparisons