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Amérique du Sud

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Cyberaction Máxima : Agua si, oro, no ! De l'eau, oui, de l'or, non ! Au Brésil, le pollueur minier Vale fait la loi. Les tribus d’Amazonie menacées par les contacts avec l’extérieur. « Nous sommes au seuil d’une vaste extinction de cultures. » Une série d’articles publiés dans la dernière édition de la revue américaine Science, datée du vendredi 5 juin, affirme que des groupes entiers de populations indigènes d’Amazonie sont en danger imminent de disparaître au Pérou et au Brésil, en raison de la multiplication des contacts avec le monde extérieur.

Les tribus d’Amazonie menacées par les contacts avec l’extérieur

Des siècles de colonisation ont montré combien les chocs entre civilisations peuvent être tragiques pour ces populations « parmi les plus vulnérables au monde », rappellent les experts : depuis l’arrivée des Espagnols en 1492, il est estimé que 50 à 100 millions d’autochtones ont péri sur le continent américain, et avec eux des cultures entières. Tout en reconnaissant ne pas savoir précisément ce qui se passe dans ces tribus isolées, ces chercheurs expliquent que les contacts entre ces indigènes et des représentants du monde moderne se multiplient rapidement et sont mal régulés.

Venezuelan Indians denounce military abuses and illegal mining. Gold miners work illegally on the Yanomami’s land, Brazil, 2003. © Colin Jones/Survival Amazon Indians in Venezuela have condemned the army for failing to tackle illegal gold and diamond mining on their land.

Venezuelan Indians denounce military abuses and illegal mining

The military has been accused of creating a “climate of terror and fear,” and of “taunting and humiliating” the indigenous population. Some officers are known to be involved in the illegal gold trade themselves, renting mining equipment and controlling access to illegal mines. Les Indiens d'Amazonie. STI24Y1GG_Salgado.indd - 131124-sundaytimes-aw.pdf. La chute du ciel - Paroles d'un chaman yanomami - Boutique Survival. Another casualty of ‘progress’: Ayoreo TB epidemic claims latest victim. Chiri had suffered grave health problems after being forced from his forest home. © Survival Chiri Etacore, an Ayoreo-Totobiegosode man forced out of his forest home in the name of ‘progress’, has died from a lung disease.

Another casualty of ‘progress’: Ayoreo TB epidemic claims latest victim

He is the latest victim of an epidemic of TB and similar diseases devastating Paraguay’s Ayoreo-Totobiegosode villages. The Ayoreo are the indigenous inhabitants of northern Paraguay and Bolivia. Most have been forcibly contacted and settled, but some remain in the forest, avoiding contact with outsiders. Worldwide protests to stop Amazon gas project expansion. Protesters will carry placards symbolizing the lethal effects of the Camisea project on Peru's uncontacted tribes. © Survival Survival International supporters will protest outside Peruvian embassies and consulates around the world on April 23rd to call for an end to the deadly expansion of the Camisea gas project in Peru’s Amazon rainforest, which puts the lives of uncontacted Indians at risk.

Worldwide protests to stop Amazon gas project expansion

Protesters will carry placards and gas masks symbolizing the lethal effects of the Camisea project on uncontacted tribes in the area, and will hand a petition to Peruvian embassies and consulates in London, San Francisco, Berlin, Madrid and Paris. The urgent petition asks Peru’s President to stop outsiders and companies from invading uncontacted tribes’ land, and has been signed by over 120,000 people around the world. Enxet Indians take back their land. Venezuela: Yukpa Indian leader murdered. Yukpa leader Sabino Romero was murdered following his campaign for his people's land rights © Homo et Natura Sabino Romero, a prominent Yukpa leader and activist was murdered on 3 March in the Sierra de Perijá, the mountainous region of west Venezuela on the border with Colombia.

Venezuela: Yukpa Indian leader murdered

Venezuela’s State Prosecutors’ office (Fiscalía General) has opened an investigation into the killing. According to them, Sabino was travelling in a vehicle on a road down from the mountains when two men on a motorbike approached the car and fired shots point blank into it. Lucía his wife, who was travelling with him, was injured. Sabino was one of the most outspoken Yukpa leaders, and had campaigned courageously for Yukpa land rights for many years. January 19, 2013 - Ecuador Tribe Will "Die Fighting" to Defend Rainforest #IdleNoMore. Additional Background An indigenous community of about 400 villagers is preparing to resist the Ecuadorean army and one of the biggest oil companies in South America. The Kichwa tribe on Sani Isla say they are ready to fight to the death to protect their territory, which covers 70,000 hectares of pristine rainforest, adjacent to and part of Yasuni National Park.

The region is one of the most biodiverse on Earth, and the large intact ecosystems power local and global sustainability. Ethnic conflict in Ecuador’s Yasuni National Park. Waorani land in Ecuador is under huge pressure from oil companies and loggers © John Wright In the last month there have been reports of two violent incidents in Ecuador’s Yasuni National Park involving members of the Waorani tribe.

Ethnic conflict in Ecuador’s Yasuni National Park

The killings have renewed claims that outside pressures are causing increased violence in the area. On 5th March, 2013 two Waorani Indians – Ompore Omeway and his wife Buganei Cayga – were killed by suspected members of the Taromenane, a group of uncontacted Waorani. Less than a month later, unconfirmed reports have emerged of reprisals against the uncontacted Indians, in which an unknown number are believed to have died. After Ignoring Them, Harper Agrees to Meet with First Nations. Powered by passionate members of Canada’s First Nations, Idle No More is a movement currently gathering speed across Canada.

After Ignoring Them, Harper Agrees to Meet with First Nations

The grassroots effort formed in response to the recent and troubling anti-environmental policies being championed by Prime Minister Harper in Canada’s government, and it may already be experiencing success. The rights and desires of Canada’s indigenous peoples have been a constant point of controversy throughout the country’s history. Although there’s no reversing the official colonization of the country, Idle No More activists claim that the theft of their land continues through attacks to Indigenous rights and damage to the land and water.

En Argentine, le lithium se paye au prix fort - Matières premières - Mondialisation. Il est devenu l'un des minerais les plus prisés des industriels.

En Argentine, le lithium se paye au prix fort - Matières premières - Mondialisation

Elément essentiel pour le stockage de l'énergie, le lithium se monnaye aujourd'hui autour de 7 000 dollars la tonne. Un marché en pleine explosion que certains analystes chiffrent en centaines de milliards de dollars d'ici quelques années. June 20, 2012 - Tell Brazil Rio+20 Host: The "Future We Want" Not Dozens of New Amazon Rainforest Destroying Dams.

Additional Background The Brazilian government has launched an unprecedented drive to dam the Amazon river’s tributaries for electricity to fuel industrial destruction of the Amazon rainforest.

June 20, 2012 - Tell Brazil Rio+20 Host: The "Future We Want" Not Dozens of New Amazon Rainforest Destroying Dams

The Belo Monte dam – which will be the world's third largest dam, and was previously blocked after protest in 1989 – is the spearhead for their efforts and has already commenced. Association ARUTAM : Carrefour des Peuples Autochtones : Indiens d'Amazonie & Huichol. Brésil : mettez un carton rouge au pillage des terres ! Brazil: Gunmen threaten to assassinate leading Amazon shaman.

Yanomami shaman and spokesperson Davi Kopenawa, who has led the struggle for the protection of their land, has received a series of death threats by armed men. © Fiona Watson/Survival Davi Kopenawa, shaman and internationally renowned spokesman for the Yanomami tribe in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest, has demanded urgent police protection following a series of death threats by armed thugs reportedly hired by goldminers operating illegally on Yanomami land.

Brazil: Gunmen threaten to assassinate leading Amazon shaman

In June 2014, armed men on motorbikes raided the Boa Vista office of Brazilian organization ISA, which works closely with the Yanomami, asking for Davi. The men threatened ISA’s staff with guns and stole computers and other equipment. After the assault, one of the men was arrested and reported that he had been hired by goldminers. Pétition pour la ratification de la France de la Convention 169 de l'OIT en faveur des peuples indigènes. La Convention 169 relative aux droits des peuples indigènes et tribaux dans les pays indépendants a été adoptée en 1989 par l’Organisation Internationale du Travail, une agence des Nations-Unies.

Des Indiens isolés exposés à une tragédie 'imminente'. Protégez le territoire des tribus isolées. © G. Uncontacted Indians face imminent “tragedy”. Protect uncontacted tribes' land now. © G. Miranda/FUNAI/Survival Brazil’s Indian Affairs Department has announced that a highly vulnerable group of uncontacted Indians has emerged from the forest on the Peru-Brazil border and made first contact with a settled indigenous community, having fled from illegal logging in Peru. Uncontacted Indians in this region face imminent “tragedy” and “death”, according to experts. Contact could be disastrous for the Indians, as they lack immunity to common diseases spread by outsiders. Rio Fishermen in Deadly Feud over Oil Complex. All too desperately aware of the threat of death hanging over them, some of Rio de Janeiro’s fishermen are gearing up for another possible blockade to protest the damage they say oil company Petrobras has caused their livelihood.

Two of their colleagues were murdered in June — making it four murders in the last three years — believed to be retaliation for the group’s activism. Related Stories: Read the Disturbing Death Threats Sent to a Top Climate Scientist Controversial Catholic Priest Pushing Amazon Road. Amazon Indian leaders shot dead by suspected illegal loggers. Ashéninka leaders Edwin Chota was murdered on 1 September 2014 by suspected illegal loggers. © Scott Wallace Four Ashéninka Indian leaders, renowned for their work against illegal logging in the Amazon, have been murdered near their home in eastern Peru. The men – Edwin Chota, Jorge Ríos Pérez, Leoncio Quinticima Melendez and Francisco Pinedo – were traveling from their community of Saweto on the Peruvian border to attend a meeting with other indigenous leaders in Brazil.

A search party reportedly found the men with fatal gunshot wounds on 1 September.

Guaranis / Brésil

Hopis. Awàs. Chef Raoni. Forca et coragem. Belo Monte. Rancher's Tricks Against Indigenous in Paraguay Backfire. Ranchers in Paraguay who tried to trick an indigenous tribe into signing away their land have got their comeuppance. The ranchers wanted legal access to land of the Ayoreo, who live in the northern Gran Chaco, the vast semi-arid plain stretching into Bolivia. They wanted to build a road which would have cut lands in half and threatened uncontacted tribal members. The Ayoreo say: “We don’t want them [the ranchers] to disturb the forest. It is an important area used by our uncontacted relatives.” Ranchers’ agents visited and permission was refused — so they allegedly forged signatures on documents sent to the government. Paraguay’s Department for Indian Affairs (INDI) has denounced the scam, saying it “could lead to countless violations against environmental laws and against uncontacted indigenous families.”

Brazilian owned companies River Plate S.A. and BBC S.A have both been previously caught illegally clearing land that belongs to the Ayoreo. Related stories: Celebrations as last cattle rancher leaves Yanomami territory in Brazil. Yanomami shaman and spokesman Davi Kopenawa celebrates the removal of ranchers from his tribe's land © Mario Vilela/FUNAI A joyous ceremony was held in a Yanomami community in northern Brazil on 31 May to mark the withdrawal of the last rancher to occupy the tribe’s land along the notorious ‘Northern Perimeter Highway’. The celebrations held in the community of Ajarani were attended by Yanomami, public prosecutors, NGOs and representatives of the government’s indigenous affairs department, FUNAI. In 2013, public prosecutors drew up an agreement with the last 12 ranchers who had occupied the south-eastern tip of Yanomami land for decades, even though the territory was officially recognized as belonging to the Yanomami in 1992.

Landmark operation evicts illegal ranchers from Yanomami land. Paraguay grants license to bulldoze UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.