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Le retour en grâce du charbon. LE MONDE GEO ET POLITIQUE | • Mis à jour le | Par Gilles Paris Le XXIe siècle sera-t-il celui de la renaissance du charbon ?

Le retour en grâce du charbon

L'étude du cabinet Wood MacKenzie qui pronostique que la houille, devenue bon marché, occupera la première place des énergies primaires à la fin de la décennie présente un mérite. Celui de rappeler, notamment en Occident, où des débats énergétiques se concentrent sur la place future des énergies renouvelables ou sur l'exploitation controversée du gaz de schiste, que la part du charbon n'a cessé de progresser dans le monde au cours des quarante dernières années. En 1973, date de la création de l'Agence internationale de l'énergie (AIE) à la suite du premier choc pétrolier, le pétrole, encore bon marché, devançait largement le charbon (46 % contre 24,6 % de la part de l'énergie consommée). En 2011, cette part était tombée à 31,5 % alors que celle du charbon était passée à 28,8 %.

Chinese coal: key to a global climate solution. Author: Kevin Jianjun Tu, Carnegie Endowment China is rich in coal — so rich that coal lies at the heart of any solution to prevent climate change.

Chinese coal: key to a global climate solution

Coal accounts for 70 per cent of the country’s primary energy consumption, and coal-fired carbon emissions in China were 17 per cent higher than national carbon dioxide emissions in the United States in 2010, according to the International Energy Agency. If the world is to effectively curb the rise in global temperature at 2° Celsius or less (the international goal to avert calamitous damage), cleaning the production and use of Chinese coal will have to be an indispensable part of the solution. Facing both international pressure to slow its spiking carbon emissions and domestic demand to improve deteriorating local environments, Beijing understands the importance of limiting its national coal consumption. The government aims to cap national coal production and consumption at around 3.9 billion tonnes by 2015. But China needs to act. EU still subsidising coal industry despite climate change. Climate change is killing nearly 400,000 people worldwide each year and it is already costing the global economy €930bn annually – warns think-tank The European Investment Bank is greener than it used to be.

EU still subsidising coal industry despite climate change

It now lends half its annual energy pot to energy efficiency and renewables. But it is still lending to coal projects. This is inconsistent with European Union climate policies and must stop now. Some leading politicians, such as British Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne are arguing that, given the continuing economic crisis, we cannot afford to 'go green' at the moment. A recent report on vulnerability to the effects of climate change found that climate change is killing nearly 400,000 people worldwide each year. The future of energy? Coal. Grim news for environmentalists: Coal is on pace to match oil as the world's leading energy source within 10 years.

The future of energy? Coal

THE BIG PICTURE: The Coal Pile. About 1,199 new coal-fired facilities (as defined by the World Research Institute)—a total installed capacity of 1,401 GW—were being proposed globally as of July 2012, spread across 59 countries.

THE BIG PICTURE: The Coal Pile

China and India account for about 76% of the proposed coal power capacities, and Chinese and Indian companies lead the pack of 483 firms proposing to build the new plants. DIW says three strikes against coal in Germany. Coal power Germany's premier economics institute takes a look at the future of power from lignite in terms of profitability, suitability for the country's future energy supply, and the environment.

DIW says three strikes against coal in Germany

Diwkompakt_2012-069.pdf (Objet application/pdf) New Global Assessment Reveals Nearly 1,200 Proposed Coal-Fired Power Plants. Coal-fired power plants are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions—one that could be increasing significantly globally, according to new analysis from the World Resources Institute.

New Global Assessment Reveals Nearly 1,200 Proposed Coal-Fired Power Plants

Several months ago, WRI began compiling and analyzing information about proposed new coal-fired plants in order to assess potential future risks to the global climate. We released our findings today in the Global Coal Risk Assessment working paper. Our research shows that 1,199 new coal-fired plants with a total installed capacity of 1,401,268 megawatts (MW) are being proposed globally. Untitled. November 19, 2012 Source: U.S.

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Energy Information Administration Power Plant Operations Report (EIA-923) and U.S. Surface Transportation Board's Confidential Waybill Sample. The average cost of shipping coal by railroad to power plants increased almost 50% in the United States from 2001 to 2010. Coal reserves in the United States: Geology explains why we have so much coal. Photograph by Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images.

Coal reserves in the United States: Geology explains why we have so much coal

When you think of the vast expanse of wet prairies in Florida’s Everglades, the peat-filled wetlands of Georgia’s Okefenokee Swamp, or the Amazon River Delta, coal isn’t the first thing that comes to mind. But these landscapes are modern-day examples of the enormous, ancient inland seas and dense tropical swamps that turned into today’s coal beds. Les entreprises énergétiques polonaises veulent plus de charbon. Coal Losing Ground To Cheap Gas by EU Energy Policy Blog. With the November’s election around the corner, everything in Washington and beyond is viewed from the highly polarized and politicized perspective with both parties trying to milk the issues for all they can.

Coal Losing Ground To Cheap Gas by EU Energy Policy Blog

The recent demise of coal is no exception. Coal, long considered the fuel of choice for power generation in the US – as in many other countries – has been gradually losing market share, mostly to natural gas. Coal exports on record pace in 2012, fueled by steam coal growth - Today in Energy. October 23, 2012 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook, U.S.

Census data. U.S. 2012 coal exports, supported by rising steam coal exports, are expected to break their previous record level of almost 113 million tons, set in 1981. Exports for the first half of 2012 reached almost 67 million tons, surpassing most annual export volumes dating back to 1949. Predicting U.S. Coal Plant Retirements. The question concerning coal plant retirements forced by looming regulatory rules, low gas prices, and moribund load growth has changed from “Why?”

To “How many plants?” Many highly detailed analyses and reports have been written on the subject by superbly qualified analysts. This approach to estimating potential plant closures is much more qualitative, and much easier to understand. However, the results closely align: About 50 GW are threatened. Few subjects elicit such a visceral response from members of the U.S. power industry as the forced retirement of coal-fired power plants. Since the formation of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in late 1970, polluting discharges have steadily decreased to the point that today’s air and water cleanliness is unmatched since before the start of the industrial revolution. Today, the question has evolved into “How much regulation is enough?” Future scenarios will be different. Added Regulatory Hurdles Will Accelerate Coal Plant Retirements. The U.S.