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Mind Functions; means, outcomes, concepts,...

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Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Visual Perception. We see color in the objects around us because they absorb most of the wavelengths from the sun, called white light; and they reflect only a particular wavelength into our eyes.

Visual Perception

For example, a red apple absorbs all but the 760-nm wavelength. Therefore, we see it as red in color. Objects that are white in color are objects that do not absorb any viewable wavelengths; while objects that are black absorb almost all viewable wavelengths. We know that the white light from the sun consists of many different wavelengths because of Newton's prism (shown below). Because of the prism's refraction, the white light is split into rays, emitting different colors of light, each of which has a different wavelength. Why You Like to Watch the Same Thing Over and Over and Over Again. Sales of television show DVDs have exploded over the past few years.

Why You Like to Watch the Same Thing Over and Over and Over Again

But why do viewers shell out so much cash for what are essentially reruns? A study in the August issue of the Journal of Consumer Research suggests that “reconsumption,” as the researchers call it, is more complex than one might think. People use familiar entertainment to measure how their lives have changed in positive ways. Janov's Reflections on the Human Condition: On Being Smart Versus Being Intellectual.

Art Janov, one of the pioneers of fetal and early infant experiences and future mental health issues, offers a robust vision of how the earliest traumas of life can percolate through the brains, minds and lives of individuals.

Janov's Reflections on the Human Condition: On Being Smart Versus Being Intellectual

He focuses on both the shifting tides of brain emotional systems and the life-long consequences that can result, as well as the novel interventions, and clinical understanding, that need to be implemented in order to bring about the brain-mind changes that can restore affective equanimity. The transitions from feelings of persistent affective turmoil to psychological wholeness, requires both an understanding of the brain changes and a therapist that can work with the affective mind at primary-process levels. Psych 200 Unit 6 Module 6 - Depth Perception. Have you ever noticed how large a full moon appears just after it rises, and how much smaller it seems when it is right overhead?

Psych 200 Unit 6 Module 6 - Depth Perception

The next time you see a full moon that has just risen, look at it and note the size. Then turn your back, bend over, and look at the moon through your legs. You will perceive it as smaller! Then later the same night check the small overhead moon. Brain 12 Left Brain. The Left "Human" brain The right brain is the "animal brain" and analyzes the environment for the sights and sounds useful for survival.

Brain 12 Left Brain

In essence, animals are almost 100% "right-brained. " Humans have kept the animal talents on the right side, but have modified the left brain for language and tool use. The following is a summary of talents found in the left brain. Each talent is a complex network of different processes beyond what is mentioned here, but injuries or strokes in these areas would result in serious loss of these specific talents. Language Sounds Sound input in the human left brain is specialized for discriminating the sounds of language.

Animals do have a limited symbolic vocabulary, and can communicate concepts with certain sounds. Humans can make very fine distinctions in sound, and therefore meaning. Books give children exposure to much more complex vocabulary, and proper grammar, than children will ever hear from oral language in normal family or school life. Body Senses. How it feels to have a stroke. Research on How the Brain Perceives Time. That most alarming New Year’s morning question — “Uh-oh, what did I do last night?”

Research on How the Brain Perceives Time

— can seem benign compared with those that may come later, like “Uh, what exactly did I do with the last year?” Or, “Hold on — did a decade just go by?” It did. Somewhere between trigonometry and , someone must have hit the fast-forward button. Time may march, or ebb, or sift, or creep, but in early January it feels as if it has bolted like an angry dinner guest, leaving conversations unfinished, relationships still stuck, bad habits unbroken, goals unachieved. “I think for many people, we think about our goals, and if nothing much has happened with those then suddenly it seems like it was just yesterday that we set them,” said Gal Zauberman, an associate professor of marketing at the Wharton School of Business. Mirroring (psychology) Mirroring in an argument.

Mirroring (psychology)

Mirroring is the behaviour in which one person subconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another. Mirroring often occurs in social situations, particularly in the company of close friends or family. The concept often affects other individual's notions about the individual that is exhibiting mirroring behaviors, which can lead to the individual building rapport with others. Mirroring is the subconscious replication of another person's nonverbal signals.[1] This concept takes place in everyday interactions, and often goes unnoticed by both the person enacting the mirroring behaviors as well as the individual who is being mirrored. Neurosis. Symptoms and causes[edit] There are many different neuroses: obsessive–compulsive disorder, obsessive–compulsive personality disorder, impulse control disorder, anxiety disorder, hysteria, and a great variety of phobias.


According to C. George Boeree, professor emeritus at Shippensburg University, the symptoms of neurosis may involve: Neurosis may be defined simply as a "poor ability to adapt to one's environment, an inability to change one's life patterns, and the inability to develop a richer, more complex, more satisfying personality. Jung's theory[edit] Carl Jung found his approach particularly effective for patients who are well adjusted by social standards but are troubled by existential questions. I have frequently seen people become neurotic when they content themselves with inadequate or wrong answers to the questions of life.

Jung saw collective neuroses in politics: "Our world is, so to speak, dissociated like a neurotic. " Psychoanalytical theory[edit] Main article: Psychoanalysis. Echolalia. Echolalia (also known as echologia or echophrasia[1]) is the automatic repetition of vocalizations made by another person (by the same person is called palilalia).


It is one of the echophenomena, closely related to echopraxia, the automatic repetition of movements made by another person; both are "subsets of imitative behavior" whereby sounds or actions are imitated "without explicit awareness".[1] Echolalia may be an immediate reaction to a stimulus or may be delayed.[1] Signs and symptoms[edit] Echolalia can be categorized as immediate (occurring immediately after the stimulus) vs. delayed (some time after the occurrence of a stimulus).[1][4] A typical pediatric presentation of echolalia might be as follows: a child is asked "Do you want dinner?

"; the child echoes back "Do you want dinner? ", followed by a pause, and then a response, "Yes. Cause[edit] Imitation and learning[edit] Function[edit] Tourette syndrome[edit] Paper0334. Unconscious thought theory. Unconscious thought theory (UTT) posits that the unconscious mind is capable of performing tasks outside of one's awareness, and that unconscious thought (UT) is better at solving complex tasks, where many variables are considered, than conscious thought (CT), but is outperformed by conscious thought in tasks with fewer variables.

Unconscious thought theory

It was proposed by Ap Dijksterhuis[1] and Loran Nordgren[2] in 2006. The theory is based primarily on findings from comparing subjects presented with a complex decision (for instance which of several apartments is the best?) , and allowed either (1). very little time, (2). ample time, or (3), ample time but are distracted and thereby prevented from devoting conscious attentional resources to it. "When making a decision of minor importance, I have always found it advantageous to consider all the pros and cons. What is unconscious thought theory? Conscious and unconscious thought[edit] Size Constancy, page 2. Now look at this version of the photograph. All I did was cut out the figure in the white t-shirt and paste him down near the feet of some of the people in the front.

The figures are exactly the same size. Measure them! This photograph represents a variation of a classic demonstration of the power of size constancy done by Boring (1964). Just to prove I have not manipulated these figures, I have developed three additional versions of this demonstration: Vision and How the Brain Organizes Itself. Knowledge about brain organization and development is rapidly evolving, partly due to new tools we have for research, such as various MRI techniques. One type of question being investigated is the degree to which brain organization is pre-programmed in the genes vs a result of the process of development. We know that both processes are involved. Human brains are all grossly the same – I have looked at hundreds of MRI scans of patients and they are all pretty much laid out the same way.

MIT discovers the location of memories: Individual neurons. Update 12/2/15: We’ve now followed up on this story: The more we learn about memory, the weirder it gets. The original continues below. MIT researchers have shown, for the first time ever, that memories are stored in specific brain cells. By triggering a small cluster of neurons, the researchers were able to force the subject to recall a specific memory. By removing these neurons, the subject would lose that memory. Engram (neuropsychology) Engrams are means by which memory traces are stored[1] as biophysical or biochemical[2] changes in the brain (and other neural tissue) in response to external stimuli. They are also sometimes thought of as a biological neural network or fragment of memory, sometimes using a hologram analogy to describe its action in light of results showing that memory appears not to be localized in the brain.

The existence of engrams is posited by some scientific theories to explain the persistence of memory and how memories are stored in the brain. The existence of neurologically defined engrams is not significantly disputed, though their exact mechanism and location has been a focus of persistent research for many decades. The term engram was coined by the little-known but influential memory researcher Richard Semon. Karl S.