UN paper "Wake Up Before It's Too Late" Peak Metals, Minerals, Energy, Wealth, Food and Population; Urgent Policy Considerations for A Sustainable Society. Nature Wants Her Carbon Back | Larry Kopald. By looking down, things are looking up. Here’s a little known fact about climate change: According to NOAA, if we could magically cut all current CO2 emissions worldwide to zero today (a feat even Merlin couldn’t achieve) it would do nothing to stop climate change from continuing to get worse for centuries. Unless we actually draw some of the carbon already emitted back down to earth we are simply telling a 400-pound patient to gain weight a little more slowly. Amazingly, however, doing so may be significantly easier than reducing emissions. According to a steadily increasing number of studies, it turns out we can blow by the goal of slowing climate change and actually reverse it.
While we’ve all been looking to the atmosphere and the amounts of CO2 we emit into it for the answer, the solution itself may be right under our feet. But that’s only half of the story. So why isn’t nature doing this? But haven’t we been told we’ll all starve to death without industrial agriculture? Backchannel. Businessinsider. Why does life exist? Popular hypotheses credit a primordial soup, a bolt of lightning and a colossal stroke of luck. But if a provocative new theory is correct, luck may have little to do with it. Instead, according to the physicist proposing the idea, the origin and subsequent evolution of life follow from the fundamental laws of nature and “should be as unsurprising as rocks rolling downhill.” From the standpoint of physics, there is one essential difference between living things and inanimate clumps of carbon atoms: The former tend to be much better at capturing energy from their environment and dissipating that energy as heat. Kristian Peters Cells from the moss Plagiomnium affine with visible chloroplasts, organelles that conduct photosynthesis by capturing sunlight.
“You start with a random clump of atoms, and if you shine light on it for long enough, it should not be so surprising that you get a plant,” England said. England’s theoretical results are generally considered valid. Et si on se débarrassait de nos réfrigérateurs ? Au début des années 1920, le groupe américain General Motors dépose le nom « Frigidaire », aujourd’hui propriété d’Electrolux. Le « frigo » va entrer dans toutes les cuisines, et même dans le dictionnaire.
Une petite révolution qui bouscule des siècles d’habitudes de conservation des aliments. Il faudra tout de même attendre les années 1960 pour que ce nouvel appareil électrique, qui permet de garder au frais les denrées périssables, se généralise en France. En 1964, seuls 37 % des foyers français possèdent un réfrigérateur, dix ans plus tard, 88,4 % des familles en sont équipées.
Ce succès tardif est intimement lié à l'urbanisation massive intervenue dans la seconde moitié du XXe siècle, explique Nathalie Damery, présidente de l’Observatoire société et consommation : « A la campagne, beaucoup de choses étaient dans le garde-manger, on gardait les boissons au frais dans la rivière. Crédits photos : Maison Française. Comment rémunérer ceux qui participent à «l’économie contributive»? Dans son rapport remis au gouvernement cette semaine, Le Conseil national du numérique recommande de mobiliser le numérique pour valoriser les activités porteuses de sens individuel et collectif. Combien vaut un article sur Wikipedia ? Une photo sur Instagram ? Un commentaire sur Amazon ? Un tweet ? Pour Jaron Lanier, auteur de « Who owns the future ? Bernard Stiegler, philosophe, veut créer un revenu contributif, basé sur l’indemnisation des intermittents du spectacle. Pour Tiberius Brastaviceanu, fondateur de l’entreprise Sensorica (spécialisée dans la valorisation des réseaux ndlr), la valeur des contributions devrait être établie grâce à la notation que chaque contributeur reçoit de ses pairs.
Michel Bauwens, auteur de Sauver le Monde, préconise, lui, le développement d’une véritable alternative au salariat. Le Conseil estime essentiel que les pouvoirs publics s’emparent des sujets liés à la valorisation d’activités qui se situent en dehors du cadre marchand ou monétarisé. JNDD 2014 : Conférence de Marie-Monique Robin "Les pirates du vivant" The World According to Monsanto - Marie-Monique Robin. Marie-Monique Robin - Le monde selon Monsanto.
Les moissons du futurs. Film débat avec Philippe Desbrosse, Agriculteur et Docteur en sience de l. Les moissons du futur reportage Marie Monique Robin. Interview de Marie-Monique Robin ("Les Moissons du Futur") Assessing the sustainability of the US food system: A life cycle perspective. 10 Calories in, 1 Calorie Out - The Energy We Spend on Food. In December, I attended Michael Pollan's lecture at the University of Texas’s Bass Concert Hall. My friend, Katie, had called me that morning to ask if I would be interested in joining her for the lecture - she knew that I had read three of Pollan's books on food and had also found out that there were $10 student tickets to be had for the lecture. Long story short at 7:40pm I found myself zipping down Guadalupe with Katie for my first Bass Concert Hall event in my tenure at UT.
Pollan's lecture was interesting, engaging and funny. This was not surprising to me, after having read his books. The bags of groceries that he brought from the Fiesta across I-35 brought in the usual laughs ("Venom" who knew it was a drink??) And groans (Twinkies... ahh, the infamous Twinkie). 10 calories in, 1 calorie out According to Pollan, for every calorie of food that is produced in the United States, 10 calories of fossil fuel energy are put into the system to grow that food.
Picture Credit: 10 Calories in, 1 Calorie Out - The Energy We Spend on Food. 38 maps that explain the global economy. Solar irradiance. Annual mean solar irradiation (integral of solar irradiance over a year) at the top of Earth's atmosphere (TOA) and at the planet's surface Types Global Map of Global Horizontal Radiation  Global Map of Direct Normal Radiation  There are several measured types of solar irradiance. Units The SI unit of irradiance is watt per square metre (W/m2).
The solar energy industry uses watt-hour per square metre (Wh/m2) per unit time. Irradiation at the top of the atmosphere Spherical triangle for application of the spherical law of cosines for the calculation the solar zenith angle Θ for observer at latitude φ and longitude λ from knowledge of the hour angle h and solar declination δ.
. , the theoretical daily-average irradiation at the top of the atmosphere, where θ is the polar angle of the Earth's orbit, and θ = 0 at the vernal equinox, and θ = 90° at the summer solstice; φ is the latitude of the Earth. Let h0 be the hour angle when Q becomes positive. Or. Hard Evidence: meat means emissions – so which countries are doing the most damage? Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions created by humans are a primary cause of global warming. While carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and changes in land use make up the largest share of these emissions, non-CO2 greenhouse gases such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) contribute substantially to overall warming and livestock – and the meat that we eat – is a big contributor. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) provides guidelines for estimating livestock emissions on a regional level.
Direct emissions of methane and nitrous oxide from livestock worldwide has been recently estimated: they represent about 9% of total GHG emissions caused by human activity. The IPCC guidelines offer a relatively simple and robust accounting for estimating GHG emissions produced in each country. However, producing countries are not the only ones responsible for emissions: the goods and services being produced are exported for consumption in other countries. Rebooting Work. Rebooting Work (from a new series for Pacific Standard) Digital and robotic technologies offer us both a bounty of productivity as well as welcome relief from myriad repeatable tasks. Unfortunately, as our economy is currently configured, both of these seeming miracles are also big problems. How do we maintain market prices in a world with surplus productivity? And, even more to the point, how do we employ people when robots are taking all the jobs?
Back in the 1940’s, when computers were completing their very first cycles, the father of “cybernetics,” Norbert Wiener, began to worry about what these thinking technologies might mean for the human employees who would someday have to compete with them. Although it may still sound like heresy today, Wiener realized that if we didn’t change the underlying operating system of our economy — the very nature and structure of employment and compensation — our technologies may not serve our economic prosperity as positively as we might hope.
Logged In. Support Jacobin this holiday season. Check out our fundraising video and subscribe or donate today. It’s a familiar pattern. First there’s an economic crisis. Then comes an enormous restructuring of capital — and with it a restructuring of labor — throwing past certainties into doubt. Old industries, companies, and occupations disappear and new ones emerge, enabled by new technologies. As people struggle to find a way to describe the seismic upheavals in the economic and social landscape, a linguistic mist arises, muddling the features of this new landscape, blurring attempts to analyze and map it. This time around, among the first commentators on the scene were techno-utopians, offering terms like “sharing economy” and “peer-to-peer networking” to conjure up a vision of a positive new development that, they claim, prefigures what a cooperative, post-capitalist society might look like.
It appears a new kind of working life is emerging. This might seem overly dystopian. What the P2P Foundation did in 2015. 2015 was a year of groundbreaking work and whirlwind travel for the P2P Foundation. Here are some of last year’s highlights. Our New Organizational Structure We’re pleased to announce that the P2P Foundation’s structure has recently been reorganized around three distinct operational hubs. Given the nature of our work, the distinction between them may be porous. These three entities are as follows: The P2P Foundation commons itself, which observes, interconnects, stimulates and theorizes on knowledge production around the emergence of a commons economy and society. This work is led by Michel Bauwens through outreach, lecturing, writing, publishing and online documentation. Commons Transition is now the main communication and advocacy hub of the P2P Foundation. The P2P Lab is now the research hub of the P2P Foundation.
Below are some of the achievements of these 3 hubs: Michel Bauwens talks about the P2P Foundation at OuishareFest 2015 P2P Foundation Commons Transition The P2P Lab. Top 10 P2P Trends of 2015. Article cross-posted from P2P Foundation. Photo: Lendingmemo. We live in a contradictory world, just as it is undoubtedly true that problems are worsening in the dominant system -- including ecological destruction, increased social inequality, and increased state repression -- just as true is the fact that there is an exponential rise in the creation of non-state, non-corporate initiatives in which citizens the world over are taking matters into their own hands. Many of the below trends were identified last year -- we only mention them again here if they significantly matured.
Perhaps the main negative development in the field of p2p, and the commons, was the abandoning of the transformative change program by Syriza, which highlights the failure of the traditional Left to believe in its own promise for transition. This points to a strong need for a renewal of politics around a Commons Transition program. There is much to rejoice in the list below. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Top 10 P2P Trends of 2015. Mindful Markets and Value Revolution. Brian Milani Mindful Markets, Value Revolution and the Green Economy: EPR, Certification and the New Regulation Under the radar of mass media and mainstream academia, a value revolution is taking place that is promising to transform humanity’s very notions of wealth and economic development.
Expressed in an explosion of both traditional academic indicators and innovative new quality-of-life and sustainability measures, this value revolution is not simply revealing previously invisible “full costs” of production, but also “redefining progress” more positively—from quantity to quality. Economically, our ways of growing and distributing food, providing & using energy, building buildings, making and exchanging clothing, etc. are being reexamined not only to reduce their negative impacts, but also to more fully express their social and ecological potentials.
EPR and the Purpose of Production “Take back” programs are the most well-known example of EPR in the existing economy. Baker, L. (2004). Designing the Green Economy. What They're Saying AboutDesigning the Green Economy "Brian Milani's Designing the Green Economy is a very timely and courageous book. The author not only gives us a very convincing and well documented analysis of the reasons for the collapse of the post-war Fordist economy, the rise of neoliberal Casino Capitalism and why this economy produces more ‘illth’ than wealth.
He also shows that a transition to an alternative Green Economy is both necessary and possible. For all those who begin to question the promises of those who, in the face of global economic, ecological and social crises, still continue with just ‘more of the same’, this book is a must. " Maria Mies, co-author, The Subsistence Perspective; and Ecofeminism; author, Patriarchy & Accumulation on a World Scale "A concise, deeply-researched, practical guide for shaping sustainable economies. " Hazel Henderson, author, Beyond Globalization; and Building a Win-Win World Book Description Foreword by Fr. Wealth vs. Chapter 1. The New Green Revolution: How Twenty-First-Century Science Can Feed the World. Some crises appear and disappear in global media while remaining acute in the lives of real people.
Global food insecurity is this type of crisis. In January 2011 the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) warned that global food prices in December 2010 exceeded the 2008 peak during the so-called food price crisis that sparked “food riots” across Africa, Asia, and Latin America.1 The UN also warned that the price increase would not stop overnight and that we were entering “danger territory.”2 Although prices stabilized in the spring, global food prices in May 2011 remained higher than they were in June 2008.
We will see more price spikes in the future, due to a growing discrepancy between supply and demand, the impacts of climate disruption on agricultural production, and the merger of the energy and food markets. The food crisis is here to stay. Governments have pledged to reinvest massively in agriculture. Christian Dupraz This can be changed. Gaëtan Vanloqueren. The New Green Revolution: How Twenty-First-Century Science Can Feed the World. Foster 2014 The Theory of Unequal Ecological Exchange. Metabolic rift. Metabolic rift is Karl Marx's notion of the "irreparable rift in the interdependent process of social metabolism,"—Marx's key conception of ecological crisis tendencies under capitalism.
Marx theorized a rupture in the metabolic interaction between humanity and the rest of nature emanating from capitalist production and the growing division between town and country. This concept has been widely used in recent years in various environmental discussions, particularly on the left. Metabolic rift, according to John Bellamy Foster who coined the term, is the development of Marx's earlier work in the Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts on species-being and the relationship between humans and nature. Metabolism is Marx's "mature analysis of the alienation of nature," and presents "a more solid—and scientific—way in which to depict the complex, dynamic interchange between human beings and nature, resulting from human labor Origins Soil exhaustion and agricultural revolutions Pierre Bourdieu : Combattre la technocratie sur son terrain. - 12/12/95. Nicholas Georgescu-Roegen, La décroissance. Entropie - Écologie - Économie.
Jevons paradox. Paradoxe de Jevons. Best Essays of 2015 (1): Bernard Stiegler on the New Desires of Post-Capitalism. Why Paul Mason is wrong: you can't innovate away social oppression. Video: Sarah Gold on the Need for Peer-Based and Techno-Savvy Citizenship. Mindful Markets and Value Revolution. Comment Amsterdam a réduit ses embouteillages de 20 % grâce au coworking. How to Make Everything Ourselves: Open Modular Hardware. Our Team | Collective Action Newsletter. Home. Michel Bauwens : «Vers une économie post-capitaliste» Why I Became a Feminist Socialist. Michel Bauwens - Better Together Showcase. Nf8485 11murray gilbert goffey. User:Blaqswans. Jean-Marc Jancovici. Dormez tranquilles jusqu'en 2100: pourquoi le dernier livre de Jancovici m'a déçu. Circular Economy (and Global Material and Waste Flows), Part III. From the Communism of Capital to Capital for the Commons - Commons Strategies.
a1514 economie collaborative. a1515 mutuelles de travail. Netarchical Capitalism. On the Lam with Bank Robber Enric Duran. Michel Bauwens on Peer 2 Peer’s Mutual Alignment | Earthsharing. Bitcoin: What is it? | Bitcoin. Michel Bauwens Presentation for the French Senate. P2PandHumanEvolV2. Capital%20and%20class%20in%20peer%20production. Capitalism, Post-Capitalism and Transition Strategies towards a Sustainable and Socially Just P2P Society | Havens Center.
How the Bitcoin Protocol Actually Works • Jan Møller. Michel Bauwens and the Peer Production Economy. Log into Facebook. Env Innov and Soc Trans. Publications ← P2P Lab. Mapping the emerging Post-Capitalist paradigm and its main thinkers by BlacqSwans - Commons Transition. Ebooksclub.org The Second Law of Economics Energy Entropy and the Origins of Wealth The Frontiers Collection. The Second Law of Economics: Energy, Entropy, and the Origins of Wealth. K%C3%BCmmel aspo2012. Se connecter à Facebook. Neither In Nor Out — Towards a socio-economic community of European peoples — Light on a Dark Mountain. The high road towards p2p is dying, prepare yourself for the low road. Keynote by John Perry Barlow. Capital%20and%20class%20in%20peer%20production. Network Effects — The Enspiral Network. Michel Bauwens NZ Tour — The Enspiral Network.
Communism of capital to capital for commons. Possible Utopias and the need for a Social Knowledge Economy - Guerrilla Translation! La transition n'est pas un long fleuve tranquille. Commons Strategies Group: The Website! Possible Utopias and the need for a Social Knowledge Economy - Guerrilla Translation! Michel Bauwens and the Peer Production Economy. Commons Strategies Group Conferences & Events. Alain Wouters | World Economic Forum - Alain Wouters. Les zélés du désir - Frédéric Lordon.
Michel Bauwens : « Quand survient le chaos, il faut déjà avoir les solutions » Et si le numérique avait besoin de penseurs féroces, de sociologues pirates et de rêveurs lucides. Essay of the Day: Common Wealth Trusts as Structures of Transition. Secular stagnation and the financial sector (updated) From basic income to social dividend: sharing the value of common resources. Imagining the (R)Urban Commons in 2040. A Introduction to Basic P2P Ideas. Special Reports Archives. Community Land Trusts, Urban Land Reform and the Commons. Écosociété | Impératif Transition.
Imagining the (R)Urban Commons in 2040. How Platform Coops Can Beat Death Stars Like Uber to Create a Real Sharing Economy. How Uber Took Over Portland: Release the Lobbyists! Ré-approprions nous l'économie collaborative | Matthieu Lietaert.