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Bystander effect: Training in skills makes people more willing to help, Letters in Print News

https://www.straitstimes.com/forum/letters-in-print/bystander-effect-training-in-skills-makes-people-more-willing-to-help

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Man slashed & robbed at Tanglin Halt claims witnesses "did nothing to help" - Mothership.SG - News from Singapore, Asia and around the world A 58-year-old man was recently arrested for his suspected involvement in a case of armed robbery. On Oct. 13, the suspect slashed another man with a fruit knife near Tanglin Halt Road, and managed to get away with the victim's mobile phone as well. The suspect was arrested on the same day and was subsequently charged in court two days after the incident. However, a Facebook post which surfaced recently revealed more details of what had happened that evening. One Kyle Huang Junyuan shared that he was with a group of friends at Tanglin Halt Market on the evening of Oct. 13.

Help crisis victims with psychological first aid, Singapore News University student Aisha Nachyia is no stranger to the basics of first aid, having taken a course during her polytechnic days. But earlier this month, the 21-year-old became one of the first in Singapore to learn psychological first aid, which trains people to help those suffering emotional trauma during a crisis. The Singapore Red Cross officially launched Singapore's first psychological first aid training programme yesterday morning, in conjunction with World First Aid Day. Minister for the Environment and Water Resources Masagos Zulkifli, who was the guest of honour at the event, stressed the importance of learning first aid - both physical and psychological. Six in 10 people who collapse outside a hospital do not get help from bystanders, he pointed out, even though every minute that a person does not get the appropriate help lowers his survival rate by up to 10 per cent.

Modelling, Explicit Teaching Newscasters love to share stories of kids as young as three years old calling 911 to save a parent’s life. These stories bear out what research has shown us: Very young children have a propensity to be kind and helpful. Starting as early as 18 months, studies show, toddlers spontaneously help an adult who is unable to pick up something he dropped or finds himself in a similarly tricky situation. Being kind at a cost to themselves makes two year olds happy, and three year olds who cooperate on a task share rewards even when they don’t have to. But a recent study suggests that, like adults, kids are also subject to a major obstacle to helping: the bystander effect. That’s when being part of a group paralyzes people from coming to the aid of someone in need—a phenomenon well documented by social psychologists.

2. Change of mindset - How to be kinder to strangers in Singapore, Opinion News The Charities Aid Foundation recently released the World Giving Index 2017, which provides insight into the scope and nature of giving around the world. Based on data collected from the Gallup World Poll, the index, which polled 1,000 individuals in each representative country, revealed two surprising facts. Myanmar, Indonesia and Kenya turned out to be among the most charitable countries, even though they have a huge number of their populations living below the poverty line.

Model of Helping in Bystander Effect Research on the Diffusion of Responsibility Many studies have looked at the bystander effect. John Darley and Bibb Latané were two of the first psychologists to develop a diffusion of responsibility experiment. Following the murder of Kitty Genovese in the late 1960’s, Latané and Darley conducted studies investigating the effect. In their first and most well-known study, they looked at the relationship between group size and reporting danger. Study participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire in a room that was slowly filling with smoke.

More bystanders responding to CPR incidents thanks to 3 public health interventions: Study, Singapore News SINGAPORE - A study has found that three measures, when applied together, have more than doubled the likelihood of bystanders performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on cardiac arrest victims in Singapore. Dispatch-assisted CPR, CPR and automated external defibrillator training, and the Singapore Civil Defence Force's myResponder app were found to have increased the responses of bystanders giving life-saving assistance to heart attack victims before paramedics attended to them. Dispatch-assisted CPR refers to CPR that is administered under the guidance of a first responder, such as a paramedic who may, through a phone call, assess the situation and give instructions to a bystander, who then performs CPR. The study was conducted by researchers at the Duke-NUS Medical School, Duke University, and several organisations here, and published in August. The likelihood of a victim's survival also increased more than threefold, compared with no intervention, when all three aids were adopted.

The tragic case of Kitty Genovese that sparked the bystander effect phenomena The Kitty Genovese murder in Queens, New York, in 1964 is one of the most famous murder cases to come out of New York City and into the national spotlight. What propelled it wasn’t the crime or the investigation, but the press coverage that alleged the murder had many witnesses who refused to come to the Kitty Genovese’s defense. This has been disproved over time, but not before it became part of the accepted lore of the crime. Kitty Genovese was returning from work home at around 2:30 a.m. on March 13, 1964, when she was approached by a man with a knife. Genovese ran toward her apartment building front door, and the man grabbed her and stabbed her while she screamed.

Mike Pence and the Bystander Effect in Action A few weeks ago a friend emailed me to share a story about her daughter, Claire, a recent college graduate living and working in Boston. In March, as it was starting to become clear that the coronavirus was going to severely impact daily life in Massachusetts, Claire, who is Asian, was on the bus heading into work when a clearly crazy man started yelling at her. He told her that she needed to go back to China and that the Chinese people caused all these problems. Being verbally assaulted on public transportation was obviously unsettling. Bystanders should stop taking photos and videos of accidents and victims - TODAYonline I refer to the news reports of the fatal traffic accident on Sunday (Dec 29) at Lucky Plaza. I applaud the Good Samaritans who unselfishly helped to lift up the car, pulled the victims out and attended to them. These are acts of true heroism. They encourage us to lend help to accident victims when needed and show that there are still compassionate people who don’t respond to accidents by whipping out their phones first to take videos and photos to circulate to their friends. In Sunday’s incident, one of the first things a bystander could do was to rush to the nearby Mount Elizabeth Hospital Accident and Emergency Department to seek help, as it would have the necessary medical equipment and trauma specialists on duty.

Research: From Empathy to Apathy: The Bystander Effect Revisited When people are asked whether they would spontaneously assist a person in an emergency situation, almost everyone will reply positively. Although we all imagine ourselves heroes, the fact is that many people refrain from helping in real life, especially when we are aware that other people are present at the scene. In the late 1960s, John M. Darley and Bibb Latané (1968) initiated an extensive research program on this so-called “bystander effect.” In their seminal article, they found that any person who was the sole bystander helped, but only 62% of the participants intervened when they were part of a larger group of five bystanders.

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