Mind & Emotional Wellness. Eco Anxiety. Behavior. 8 Timeless Skills to Learn Now in Under 8 Hours to Change your Life Forever. Books to help you answer big questions about yourself. Why in the world did I do that? How can I do better? Chances are you’ve asked yourself these questions at least once today. To understand how your mind works and how you can improve your decision-making, explore these six psychology and behavioral economics books, each one recommended by a TED Talks speaker.
Why did I do that? “Edward L. . — Dan Pink, business writer (TED Talk: The puzzle of motivation)See more of Dan Pink’s favorite books. What should I do to be happier? “In his book, Give and Take, Wharton professor Adam M Grant shows how giving at work can lead to greater happiness and success.” Shawn Achor, positive psychologist advocate (TED Talk: The happy secret to better work)See more of Shawn Achor’s favorite books.
How do I live in the moment? “Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience illuminates the kind of life we should all be living. Susan Cain, introvert champion (TED Talk: The power of introverts)See more of Susan Cain’s favorite books. How can I let myself be happy? Brain Anatomy, Anatomy of the Human Brain. Overview The brain is an amazing three-pound organ that controls all functions of the body, interprets information from the outside world, and embodies the essence of the mind and soul. Intelligence, creativity, emotion, and memory are a few of the many things governed by the brain. Protected within the skull, the brain is composed of the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem.
The brain receives information through our five senses: sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing - often many at one time. It assembles the messages in a way that has meaning for us, and can store that information in our memory. The central nervous system (CNS) is composed of the brain and spinal cord. Brain The brain is composed of the cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem (Fig. 1). Cerebrum: is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. Right brain – left brain Not all functions of the hemispheres are shared. Lobes of the brain Frontal lobe Parietal lobe Occipital lobe Temporal lobe Language.
Cognitive Dissonance and How to Resolve It. What Is Cognitive Dissonance? The term cognitive dissonance is used to describe the mental discomfort that results from holding two conflicting beliefs, values, or attitudes. People tend to seek consistency in their attitudes and perceptions, so this conflict causes feelings of unease or discomfort. This inconsistency between what people believe and how they behave motivates people to engage in actions that will help minimize feelings of discomfort. People attempt to relieve this tension in different ways, such as by rejecting, explaining away, or avoiding new information. How Do You Know? Everyone experiences cognitive dissonance to some degree, but that doesn't mean that it is always easy to recognize. Some signs that what you are feeling might be related to dissonance include: Causes There are a number of different situations that can create conflicts that lead to cognitive dissonance.
Forced Compliance New Information Decisions People make decisions, both large and small, on a daily basis. Know Yourself -The Book of Life. In Ancient Greece, the philosopher Socrates famously declared that the unexamined life was not worth living. Asked to sum up what all philosophical commandments could be reduced to, he replied: ‘Know yourself.’ Knowing yourself has extraordinary prestige in our culture. It has been framed as quite literally the meaning of life. This sounds, when one hears it, highly plausible, yet so plausible it’s worth pausing to ask a few more questions. Just why is self-knowledge such a prestigious good?
What are the dangers that come with a lack of self-knowledge? When we speak about self-knowledge, we’re alluding to a particular kind of knowledge – generally of an emotional or psychological kind. On what day of the week were you born? Most of us would recognise that questions 3 and 4 are ones worth knowing; the others, not so much. In other words, not everything that we can know about ourselves is all that important to find out. The key bits of self-knowledge we’ll be interested in are: 1. 2. 1. 2. Psychology’s replication crisis inspires ecologists to push for more reliable research | Science | AAAS. Ecologists love to study blue tits. The birds readily nest in boxes in the wild and have striking plumage that seems ideal for testing ideas about the evolutionary point of the ornamentation. Dozens of studies have reported that male coloring is substantially different from that of females, that females choose mates based on differences in that coloring, and that male plumage is a signal of mate quality.
But Tim Parker, an ecologist at Whitman College, wasn’t so sure. In a 2013 meta-analysis of 48 studies on blue tit plumage, Parker found many researchers had cherry-picked the strongest findings from data they had sliced and diced. They had worked backward from results to form hypotheses that fit the data. And reams of boring, negative results were missing from the published picture. Parker soon found an ally in Shinichi Nakagawa, an ecologist at the University of New South Wales with similar concerns.
Ecology suffers from many of the same underlying problems as psychology.