Literature. Saga - Wikipedia. Sagas are stories mostly about ancient Nordic and Germanic history, about early Viking voyages, the battles that took place during the voyages, about migration to Iceland and of feuds between Icelandic families.
They were written in the Old Norse language, mainly in Iceland. The texts are tales in prose which share some similarities with the epic, often with stanzas or whole poems in alliterative verse embedded in the text, of heroic deeds of days long gone, "tales of worthy men," who were often Vikings, sometimes pagan, sometimes Christian. The tales are usually realistic, except legendary sagas, sagas of saints, sagas of bishops and translated or recomposed romances. They are sometimes romanticised and fantastic, but always dealing with human beings one can understand. Background There are plenty of tales of kings (e.g. Most sagas of Icelanders take place in the period 930–1030, which is called söguöld (Age of the Sagas) in Icelandic history.
Classification Other The Scar Gatherer Series. Primary History - Vikings - Who were the Vikings. History: Vikings. HISTORY OF THE VIKINGS. Viking Art - History on the Net. Vikings loved elaborate decorations and they decorated many of the things they used: weapons, jewelry, runestones, ship woodwork and even their common, everyday items.
They loved abstract and intricate animal designs and multiple interlacing lines. The animals depicted in their art include serpents, horses, wolves, birds and unreal, fantastic animals. As the Viking Age progressed, craftsmen varied the designs and six distinct but overlapping art styles developed. Each style is named for an area where a decorated object was found. We’ll take a look at each of the art styles. Oseberg The Oseberg style lasted most of the 9th century. Borre The Borre style was named for a set of bridle mounts from a ship burial at Borre, Norway. Jelling. Styles of Art in the Viking Age. Styles of Art in the Viking Age It is customary to divide the sequence of Norse art into six successive styles.
A particular style lasted for a period of time, but was not immediately replaced by a new style. Rather, the two styles coexisted for a period of time. It's remarkable how quickly new styles overspread the entire Norse sphere of influence. The Viking Age. Danish prehistory culminated in the Viking Age, the period from 800 until 1050 AD.
During the Viking Age the first kings appeared, who ruled an area roughly corresponding to present-day Denmark. On King Harald Bluetooth’s rune stone at Jelling, Denmark is named for the first time around 965 AD. At the end of the Viking Age Denmark’s king also ruled over England and Norway during certain periods. The Viking Age was characterized by sea travel and expeditions to foreign territories. Clothes and jewellery. The Viking male often wore a tunic, trousers and a cloak.
The tunic was reminiscent of a long-armed shirt without buttons and might go down to the knees. Over his shoulders the man wore a cloak, which was fastened with a brooch. The cloak was gathered over the arm that he drew his sword or axe with. In this way it was possible to see whether a Viking was right- or left-handed. Clothing in the Viking Age. Viking Weapons and Ships - How the Vikings Worked. When the Northmen went i viking, they were well-armed and armored.
Although a variety of weapons were used, including bows, lances and javelins, Vikings most commonly carried sturdy axes that could be thrown or swung with head-splitting force. The Viking longsword was also common -- a typical sword was about as long as a man's arm. For armor, Vikings wore padded leather shirts, sometimes fronted by a breastplate of iron. Wealthier Vikings could afford chain mail shirts. They wore helmets of iron as well. One thing Vikings almost certainly did not wear on their heads was a horned helmet. Along with their weapons, the Vikings are well-known for their boats. Riveted wood constructionKeel (the piece of wood on the bottom of a boat that helps keep it from tipping over)Single mast with a square wool sailDouble-sided hull (both bow and stern were shaped the same, so the ship could move in either direction without turning around)A side rudder.
The Old Norse Language and How to Learn It. Ask veit ek standa, heitir Yggdrasill, hár baðmr, ausinn hvíta auri; þaðan koma döggvar, þærs í dala falla, stendr æ yfir grænn Urðarbrunni.
(“There stands an ash called Yggdrasil, A mighty tree showered in white hail. From there come the dews that fall in the valleys. It stands evergreen above Urd’s Well.”) Old Norse language, alphabet and pronunciation. Old Norse was a North Germanic language once spoken in Scandinavia, the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, and in parts of Russia, France and the British Isles and Ireland.
It was the language of the Vikings or Norsemen. Vikingsociety - Famous women in Viking culture. Introduction Viking culture had been greatly influenced by women.
Women were important to Viking society for multiple reasons. The most obvious of these are biological reasons and gender roles fulfilled. But there have been instances in both literature and mythology of extraordinary Viking women. 6 Viking Leaders You Should Know - History Lists. Primary History - Vikings - Beliefs and stories. History - Ancient History in depth: Viking Religion. Viking Facts For Children. Primary History - Vikings - Family life. Don’t underestimate Viking women. The viking women were powerful.
(Drawing: Erik Werenskiold) “To assume that Viking men were ranked above women is to impose modern values on the past, which would be misleading,” cautions Marianne Moen. She has been studying how women’s status and power is expressed through Viking burial findings. Her master’s thesis The Gendered Landscape argues that viking gender roles may have been more complex than we assume. History - Viking Women. What Was Life Like for Women in the Viking Age? - History in the Headlines. There’s been a lot of talk in recent years about the role that women played in the Viking Age. Were they warriors, wielding shields and swords alongside the men? Did they go along on the famous Viking voyages, sailing to places as far flung as Europe, Russia and North America? While in some cases it’s hard to separate myth from reality, it’s clear that Scandinavian women in Viking Age society enjoyed more freedom and power in their communities than many other women of their day.
Recent research even suggests that many more Norse women than previously believed traveled alongside the men on those Viking long boats, suggesting women also played an active role in Viking colonization. While earlier historical research about the Vikings had theorized that the seafaring Norsemen traveled in male-only groups—perhaps due to a lack of desirable mates in Scandinavia—a more recent study tells a very different story. Some women rose to a particularly high status.