Ethos - Ways of doing & being
For infants and toddlers, the "set-goal" of the attachment behavioural system is to maintain or achieve proximity to attachment figures, usually the parents.
Consensus decision-making is a group decision making process that seeks the consent of all participants. Consensus may be defined professionally as an acceptable resolution, one that can be supported, even if not the "favourite" of each individual. Consensus is defined by Merriam-Webster as, first, general agreement, and second, group solidarity of belief or sentiment.
Sense of community (or psychological sense of community ) is a concept in community psychology and social psychology , as well as in several other research disciplines, such as urban sociology , which focuses on the experience of community rather than its structure, formation, setting, or other features. Sociologists , social psychologists , anthropologists , and others have theorized about and carried out empirical research on community, but the psychological approach asks questions about the individual's perception , understanding , attitudes , feelings , etc. about community and his or her relationship to it and to others' participation—indeed to the complete, multifaceted community experience.
Belongingness is the human emotional need to be an accepted member of a group . Whether it is family, friends, co-workers, or a sports team, humans have an inherent desire to belong and be an important part of something greater than themselves. [ 1 ] The motive to belong is the need for "strong, stable relationships with other people." [ 2 ] This implies a relationship that is greater than simple acquaintance or familiarity. The need to belong is the need to give and receive affection from others. [ edit ] Psychological needs
Personal development includes activities that improve awareness and identity, develop talents and potential, build human capital and facilitate employability, enhance quality of life and contribute to the realization of dreams and aspirations.
Beauty is a characteristic of a person, animal, place , object , or idea that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction . [ 1 ] Beauty is studied as part of aesthetics , sociology , social psychology , and culture.
Play is a term employed in psychology and ethology to describe a range of voluntary , intrinsically motivated activities normally associated with recreational pleasure and enjoyment. [ 1 ] Play is most commonly associated with children and their juvenile-level activities, but play can also be a useful adult activity, and occurs among other higher-functioning animals as well. Many of the most prominent researchers in the field of psychology (including Jean Piaget , William James , Sigmund Freud , Carl Jung and Lev Vygotsky ) have viewed play as endemic to the human species. These psychologists all had strong beliefs on how important play was on human development. Many research methods were performed to prove their theories. Play is often interpreted as frivolous; yet the player can be intently focused on his or her objective, particularly when play is structured and goal-oriented, as in a game .
The social norm of reciprocity is the expectation that people will respond to each other in similar ways—responding to gifts and kindnesses from others with similar benevolence of their own, and responding to harmful, hurtful acts from others with either indifference or some form of retaliation. Such norms can be crude and mechanical, such as a literal reading of the eye-for-an-eye rule lex talionis , or they can be complex and sophisticated, such as a subtle understanding of how anonymous donations to an international organization can be a form of reciprocity for the receipt of very personal benefits, such as the love of a parent. The norm of reciprocity varies widely in its details from situation to situation, and from society to society.
= the act of creating, constructing and maintaining a commons "A verb to describe the social practices used by commoners in the course of managing shared resources and reclaiming the commons. Popularized by historian Peter Linebaugh."  Massimo De Angelis: "Commoning, a term encountered by Peter Linebaugh (2008) in one of his frequent travels in the living history of commoners’ struggles, is about the (re)production of/through commons.
When discussing social groups , a group is said to be in a state of cohesion when its members possess bonds linking them to one another and to the group as a whole. Although cohesion is a multi-factored process, it can be broken down into four main components: social relations, task relations, perceived unity and emotions. [ 1 ] Members of strongly cohesive groups are more inclined to participate readily and to stay with the group. [ 2 ] [ edit ] Definition of cohesion There are different ways to define group cohesion, depending on how researchers conceptualize this concept. However, most researchers define cohesion to be task commitment and interpersonal attraction to the group. [ 3 ] [ 4 ]
Solidarity is unity (as of a group or class) that produces or is based on community of interests, objectives, and standards. [ 1 ] It refers to the ties in a society that bind people together as one. The term is generally employed in sociology and the other social sciences .
Equity or Economic equality , is the concept or idea of fairness in economics , particularly in regard to taxation or welfare economics. More specifically it may refer to equal life chances regardless of identity, to provide all citizens with a basic and equal minimum of income/goods/services or to increase funds and commitment for redistribution. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Overview Inequality and inequities have significantly increased in recent decades, possibly driven by the worldwide economic processes of globalisation, economic liberalisation and integration. [ 2 ] This has led to states ‘lagging behind’ on headline goals such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and different levels of inequity between states have been argued to have played a role in the impact of the global economic crisis of 2008-2009 . [ 2 ]
Generosity is the habit of giving without expecting anything in return. It can involve offering time, assets or talents to aid someone in need. Often equated with charity as a virtue , generosity is widely accepted in society as a desirable trait.
Sharing food Sharing is the joint use of a resource or space.
Mindfulness ( Pali : sati , [ 1 ] Sanskrit : smṛti ; also translated as awareness ) is a spiritual or psychological faculty ( indriya ) that, according to the teaching of the Buddha , is considered to be of great importance in the path to enlightenment . It is one of the seven factors of enlightenment . "Correct" or "right" mindfulness ( Pali : sammā-sati , Sanskrit samyak-smṛti ) is the seventh element of the noble eightfold path . Mindfulness meditation can also be traced back to the earlier Upanishads, part of Hindu scripture. [ 2 ]