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Bewijs uit het ongerijmde. Een speciaal geval van een bewijs uit het ongerijmde is een bewijs door contrapositie.

Bewijs uit het ongerijmde

Een bewijs uit het ongerijmde wordt vaak gebruikt om te bewijzen dat er geen getallen of andere objecten met een bepaalde eigenschap bestaan: men neemt aan dat een dergelijk object wel bestaat, en leidt dan daaruit een onwaarheid af. Vice. Self-pity - Wikipedia. Self-pity is a psychological state of mind.

Self-pity - Wikipedia

Description[edit] Though the primary focus of self-pity is on the self and one's own emotions that is within, it also has a strong interpersonal component. Being an interpersonal emotion is directing the emotional feeling or response toward others with the goal of attracting attention, empathy or help. Cynicism (contemporary) - Wikipedia. A 2004 experiment and paper called The Effects of Strategic News on Political Cynicism, Issue Evaluations, and Policy Support: A Two-Wave Experiment found that the way the news media presents the news can cause political cynicism.

Cynicism (contemporary) - Wikipedia

The experiment also demonstrated; "a negative relation between efficacy and cynicism suggesting that efficacious citizens were less likely to be cynical about politics. " It was found that straight dry, "issues-based" news did not cause political cynicism, but that "Strategic News" and "game news" did. Absurdism. Absurdism is very closely related to existentialism and nihilism and has its origins in the 19th century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard, who chose to confront the crisis humans faced with the Absurd by developing existentialist philosophy.[3] Absurdism as a belief system was born of the European existentialist movement that ensued, specifically when the French Algerian philosopher and writer Albert Camus rejected certain aspects from that philosophical line of thought[4] and published his essay The Myth of Sisyphus.


The aftermath of World War II provided the social environment that stimulated absurdist views and allowed for their popular development, especially in the devastated country of France. Overview[edit] "... in spite of or in defiance of the whole of existence he wills to be himself with it, to take it along, almost defying his torment. Gallows humor. Gallows humor is humor in the face of or about very unpleasant, serious, or painful circumstances.

Gallows humor

Any humor that treats serious matters, such as death, war, disease, crime, etc., in a light, silly or satirical fashion is considered gallows humor.[1][2] Gallows humor has been described as a witticism in the face of – and in response to – a hopeless situation.[3] It arises from stressful, traumatic, or life-threatening situations, often in circumstances such that death is perceived as impending and unavoidable. Macabre. A death head wearing the Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire, on the sarcophagus of Habsburg emperor Charles VI in the crypt of the Capuchin church in Vienna, Austria.


The Triumph of Death in St Maria in Bienno In works of art, macabre (US /məˈkɑːb/ mə-KAHB or UK /məˈkɑːbrə/; French: [makabʁ]) is the quality of having a grim or ghastly atmosphere. Macabre works emphasize the details and symbols of death. The term also refers to works particularly gruesome in nature. History[edit] The famous series at Basel originally at the Klingenthal, a nunnery in Little Basel, dated from the beginning of the 14th century. Black comedy. A black comedy (or dark comedy) is a comic work that makes light of serious, disturbing and/or taboo subject matter.

Black comedy

Black comedy corresponds to the earlier concept of gallows humor.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Black comedy is often controversial due to its subject matter. Sarcasm. Sarcasm is the use of irony to mock or convey contempt.[1] "The distinctive quality of sarcasm is present in the spoken word and manifested chiefly by vocal inflections".[2] The sarcastic content of a statement will be dependent upon the context in which it appears.[3] Origin of the term The word comes from the Greek σαρκασμός (sarkasmos) which is taken from σαρκάζειν meaning "to tear flesh, bite the lip in rage, sneer".[4]


Taylor Swift - New Romantics. Anthropomorphism. Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, and intentions to non-human entities[1] and is considered to be an innate tendency of human psychology.[2] Personification is the related attribution of human form and characteristics to abstract concepts such as nations, emotions and natural forces likes seasons and the weather.


Both have ancient roots as storytelling and artistic devices, and most cultures have traditional fables with anthropomorphized animals as characters. People have also routinely attributed human emotions and behavioural traits to wild as well as domestic animals.[3] Name Anthropomorphism derives from its verb form anthropomorphize,[n 1] itself derived from the Greek ánthrōpos (ἄνθρωπος, lit. Meme (memetica) Daniel C.

Meme (memetica)

Dennett heeft met Douglas R. Some Men Just Want to Watch the World Burn. About “Some Men Just Want To Watch The World Burn” is an expression that is often used as an ironic caption in image macros featuring a rude gesture, faux pas or blatant ignorance of instruction. It has also inspired the creation of the snowclone template “some X just want to watch the world Y.” Origin The phrase began appearing online after it was uttered in the July 2008 Batman film The Dark Knight (shown below) by Bruce Wayne’s butler Alfred Pennyworth (played by British actor Michael Caine) while explaining to Bruce Wayne (played by Christian Bale) that his nemesis, the Joker, is unlike any other criminal Batman has faced. The earliest known image macro containing the phrase as a caption was submitted to Cheezburger’s Pundit Kitchen on March 5th, 2009 featuring a photo of conservative American political commentator Rush Limbaugh.

Spread In March 2011, the phrase made its first appearance on Reddit as the title of a rage comic about the enjoyment in declining Facebook invitations. Loneliness. Loneliness is a complex and usually unpleasant emotional response to isolation or lack of companionship. Loneliness typically includes anxious feelings about a lack of connection or communication with other beings, both in the present and extending into the future. As such, loneliness can be felt even when surrounded by other people. The causes of loneliness are varied and include social, mental, emotional or even physical factors. Research has shown that loneliness is widely prevalent throughout society among people in marriages, relationships, families, veterans and successful careers.[1] It has been a long explored theme in the literature of human beings since classical antiquity. Loneliness has also been described as social pain — a psychological mechanism meant to alert an individual of isolation and motivate him/her to seek social connections.[2]

Misanthropy. "Anti-human sentiment" redirects here. It is not to be confused with antihumanism. Misanthropy is the general hatred, distrust or contempt of the human species or human nature. Curiosity. Curious children gather around photographer Toni Frissell, looking at her camera Curiosity (from Latin curiosus "careful, diligent, curious," akin to cura "care") is a quality related to inquisitive thinking such as exploration, investigation, and learning, evident by observation in human and animal species.[1][2] Curiosity is heavily associated with all aspects of human development, in which derives the process of learning and desire to acquire knowledge and skill.[3] The term "curiosity" can also be used to denote the behavior or emotion of being curious, in regards to the desire to gain knowledge or information.

Curiosity as a behavior and emotion is attributed over millennium as the driving force behind not only human development, but developments in science, language, and industry.[4] Absurdism. Nihilism. Nihilism is also a characteristic that has been ascribed to time periods: for example, Jean Baudrillard and others have called postmodernity a nihilistic epoch,[4] and some Christian theologians and figures of religious authority have asserted that postmodernity[5] and many aspects of modernity[3] represent a rejection of theism, and that such rejection of their theistic doctrine entails nihilism.

Forms of nihilism[edit] Nihilism has many definitions, and thus can describe philosophical positions that are arguably independent. Cosmicism. Not to be confused with the movements known as Cosmism. Cosmicism is the literary philosophy developed and used by the American writer H. P. Awe. This Atlanta lightning strike might have inspired awe. One dictionary definition is "an overwhelming feeling of reverence, admiration, fear, etc., produced by that which is grand, sublime, extremely powerful, or the like: in awe of God; in awe of great political figures. Empathy. Empathy is the capacity to understand what another person is experiencing from within the other person's frame of reference, i.e., the capacity to place oneself in another's shoes.[1]

Naïviteit. Sadomasochisme. Paracosm. A paracosm is a detailed imaginary world created inside one's mind. Escapisme. Romantiek (stroming) Tijdens de Romantiek werd de subjectieve ervaring als uitgangspunt genomen. Hierdoor kwamen introspectie, intuïtie, emotie, spontaniteit en verbeelding centraal te staan. De naam romantiek is ontleend aan de middeleeuwse romances - verhalen waarin feilbare mensen de droom van volmaaktheid najagen. Aanvankelijk had het woord niet de misprijzende bijbetekenis die tegenwoordig aan een woord als sentimenteel kleeft. Catharsis (literatuur) Tragedie (toneel) Een meer op effectbejag gebaseerd type tragedie is de Latijnse "wraaktragedie" van Seneca, die in de Engelse renaissance navolging kreeg, te beginnen met Thomas Kyds The Spanish Tragedy. Vanaf de renaissance heeft dit model in de westerse cultuur veel navolging gevonden. In de zeventiende eeuw waren de hoofdvertegenwoordigers William Shakespeare en Jean Racine, en in de Nederlanden Joost van den Vondel.

Tragikomedie. Pessimisme. Defaitisme. Empathie. Sadisme. Antisociale persoonlijkheidsstoornis. Nostalgie. Melancholie. Narcisme.