There are still many people around who claim an inevitable enmity between science and religions. But in the last years, scientists from different fields and backgrounds started to explore religiosity (here defined as behavior toward supernatural agents) from the perspective of evolutionary theory. We agree that questions of existence or nonexistence of supernatural agents as ancestors, spirits, bodhisattvas or God may be beyond the scope of empirical sciences, but that we may explore religious behavior, its workings and functions with the same scientific respect and curiosity as any other natural, biocultural trait (i.e. musicality or speaking). The question from the perspective of evolutionary biology is: Why do people among all human populations invest so much time and energy in religious activities? Why did Homo Sapiens and Homo Neanderthalensis start to bury their dead as early the middle paleolithic, increasingly accompanied by rituals and gifts to the dead? Homo religiosus - The Natural History of Religion | Biology of Religion
Archaeologists love to categorise things. It helps turn vague interpretations into concrete groupings (or typologies), speeding up the analysis of finds and allowing a quick and easy comparison between sites; even permitting one to track the evolution of technology by identifying changes between groups. The first such “evolutionary” typology came from Denmark and postulated there was a Stone Age, followed by the Bronze Age and finally the Iron Age. Despite being first suggested over two hundred years ago, the “three age” system is still used today. Technological evolution and intelligence « EvoAnth
Exhibition uses forensics to rebuild 27 faces of man's ancestors, stretching back 7m years Models built from forensic reconstruction of fossil skullsReconstructs face age when humans and chimps shared common ancestryAncestors from when 'hominids' first emerged in Africa By Rob Waugh UPDATED: 21:58 GMT, 6 January 2012 An exhibition in Dresden, Germany has used forensic technology to recreate some of the most distant members of the human evolutionary 'family' - ancestors stretching back seven million years. The 27 model heads were created using fossil remains, and includes a glimpse of sahelanthropus tchadensis, an ancestor dated to about seven million years ago, when our 'hominid 'ancestors' first originated in Africa. Sahelanthropus tchadensis lived seven million years ago - before the divergence of man and our closest evolutionary cousins, chimpanzees
Robert Sapolsky: Are Humans Just Another Primate? Bio Dr. Robert Sapolsky Robert Sapolsky is one of the world's leading neuroscientists, and has been called "one of the finest natural history writers around" by The New York Times.
On the Origin of Cooperative Species: New study reverses a decade of research claiming chimpanzee selfishness | The Primate Diaries A new study reverses a decade of research claiming chimpanzee selfishness. "Sharing is Caring" by Nathaniel Gold Charles Darwin had more in common with chimpanzees than even he realized. Before he was universally known for his theory of natural selection, the young naturalist was faced with one of the great moral choices in the history of science. The decision he made has long been hailed as the type of behavior that fundamentally separates humans from other apes. But a new study reveals for the first time that thinking of others unites humans and chimpanzees in a cooperative bond that reaches across two epochs to the very evolutionary ancestor Darwin predicted.
"Give orange me give eat orange me eat orange give me eat orange give me you." That's the longest string of words that Nim Chimpsky, a chimpanzee who scientists raised as a human and taught sign language in the 1970s, ever signed. He was the subject of Project Nim, an experiment conducted by cognitive scientists at Columbia University to investigate whether chimps can learn language. After years of exposing Nim to all things human, the researchers concluded that although he did learn to express demands — the desire for an orange, for instance — and knew 125 words, he couldn't fully grasp language, at least as they defined it. Chimps vs. Humans: How Are We Different? | LiveScience
Osher UCSD: Redrawing Lines Between Chimps and Humans - UCSD-TV - University of California Television
Place de l'Homme dans l'évolution - SVT en ligne
Trace Your Ancestry with DNA - DNA Ancestry Project
Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages. Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines. Understanding Climate's Influence on Human Evolution
Welcome to the UCSB online 3D gallery of modern primate relatives and fossil ancestors of humans. This gallery contains five modern primate crania, and five fossil crania. The crania can be rotated 360 degrees. Human Evolution: The fossil evidence in 3D
Fossil Hominids: the evidence for human evolution
Un Homme moderne vieux de 32000 ans découvert en Crimée
Fabrice Leclerc: ""Q&A: Who is H. sapiens Re
Hominidés - Préhistoire - Homme en évolution de Toumai à Homo Sapiens
Neandertals (Homo neanderthalensis) are currently believed to be our closest evolutionary relatives. Although some researchers once thought they were our immediate ancestors in Europe, most now agree that Neandertals and modern humans most likely shared a common ancestor within the last 500,000 years, possibly in Africa. The morphological features typical of Neandertals first appear in the European fossil record about 400,000 years ago, with bones of full-fledged Neandertals showing up at least 130,000 years ago. They lived in Europe and western Asia, as far east as southern Siberia and as far south as the Middle East (see map), before disappearing from the fossil record about 30,000 years ago. The Neandertal Genome - Background
The Leakey Foundation
TheLeakeyFoundation's Channel Founded in 1968, The Leakey Foundation's mission is to increase scientific knowledge, education, and public understanding of human origins, evolution, behavior, and survival. The Foundation awards an average of $600,000, annually in general research grants, though two granting sessions. Priority for funding is given to the exploratory phases of promising new research projects that meet the stated purpose of the Foundation. For more information please visit our website www.leakeyfoundation.org. Founded in 1968, The Leakey Foundation's mission is to increase scientific knowledge, education, and public understanding of human origins, evolution, behavior, and survival.
Human evolution I graduated from the Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan and obtained my Ph.D. from the University of North Texas, USA in 1992 on a Thomas Jefferson Fellowship. Back in Pakistan I joined the Biomedical and Genetic Engineering Laboratories that became the focal point for the Human Genome Diversity Project's South Asian sample collection. Over the last decade I have analyzed DNA variation in ethnic and linguistic groups from Pakistan, in order to understand their genetic origins and relatedness with world populations.