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Natural Selection and Adaptation

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Online Learning. What did T. rex taste like? Evolution – what next? Tree of Life : Exhibits : Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. Phylogenetic trees predict the characteristics of species that have not yet been carefully studied.

Tree of Life : Exhibits : Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History

This can guide the search for useful natural products, including “bioprospecting” for new drugs. For example, the drug “taxol,” which is used to treat breast cancer, was first isolated from the Pacific yew plant. A focus on related plants turned up a similar chemical in a more widespread species, which greatly enabled the production of the drug. Treating Snake Bites In Australia, which has more poisonous snakes than any other continent, phylogenetic analysis is used to help identify antivenins. The Timescale of Life. J.F. Crow Institute for the Study of Evolution. Goldsmith Clade Race. Evolution. The Story of the Animal Kingdom. The Story of the Animal Kingdom.

Nature's Innovations: Animals as Engineers. Lesson: evolution mini-lesson: A Step in Speciation. Time: Two 50-minute periods Preparation: 1.

Lesson: evolution mini-lesson: A Step in Speciation

Make color copies of the salamander sheets (one per team of 2-4); place these in non-glare transparent plastic notebook sleeves to protect from wear and tear as they are re-used every period and year. 2.

When Predators Attack

All 2.3 Million Species Are Mapped into a Single Circle of Life. Since Charles Darwin's day, biologists have depicted how new organisms evolve from old ones by adding branches to numerous trees that represent portions of the animal, plant and microbial kingdoms.

All 2.3 Million Species Are Mapped into a Single Circle of Life

Researchers from a dozen institutions recently completed a three-year effort to combine tens of thousands of trees into one diagram, most readable as a circle (below). The lines inside the circle represent all 2.3 million species that have been named. Biologists have genetic sequences for only about 5 percent of them, however; as more are finished, the relationships within and across groups of species may change. Selection for Tuskless Elephants. The Origin of Species: The Beak of the Finch. Sorting Finch Species. Natural Selection and the Evolution of Darwin's Finches. Evolution in Action: Data Analysis. Beaks As Tools: Selective Advantage in Changing Environments. Evolution Evidence EvolutionEvidence.org: A New Method for Teaching Evolution Evidence.

Smilodon Reading and Questions

1120L Adaptation. 1090L Naturally Selected to Survive. ENSI/SENSI Lesson List: Evolution. Genetic Science Learning Center. Launch Tool The Genetic Science Learning Center is a great place to visit to explore and learn about cells, heredity, DNA, genes, natural selection, etc.

Genetic Science Learning Center

The Learn.Genetics part of the site is geared to students, teachers, and the general public. It delivers educational materials on genetics, bioscience, and health topics. The homepage is divided into three main sections: Basics, New & Popular, and a section that highlights a variety of topics, from genetic technology to the new science of addiction. The site uses videos, animations, and interactives to help you explore the different topics.

Going Further For Educators In addition to the Learn.Genetics part of the site, you can make use of the Teach.Genetics section, which has resources and information aimed at helping you bring genetics, bioscience, and health alive in the classroom. Teach.Genetics also provides unit plans and other supporting resources, such as talks by scientists with expertise in genetics. Genes and Geography. Photo Credit: NASA Our early human ancestors began migrating across the globe tens of thousands of years ago.

Genes and Geography

Some left behind archaeological evidence of their travels. But as you'll hear in this Science Update, another record of where we come from and where we've been might be found right in our DNA. NGSS Bio LS 2-8 Grouping. Rare Dinosaur-Era Bird Wings Found Trapped in Amber. Two tiny wings entombed in amber reveal that plumage (the layering, patterning, coloring, and arrangement of feathers) seen in birds today already existed in at least some of their predecessors nearly a hundred million years ago.

Rare Dinosaur-Era Bird Wings Found Trapped in Amber

A study of the mummified wings, published in the June 28 issue of Nature Communications and funded in part by the National Geographic Society's Expeditions Council, indicated they most likely belonged to enantiornithes , a group of avian dinosaurs that became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous period. (Read more about the evolution from dinosaurs to modern birds.) 'Mind-Blowingly Cool' While the fact that many, if not nearly all, dinosaurs were feathered has been generally accepted since the 1990s, our knowledge of prehistoric plumage until now has come from feather imprints in carbonized compression fossils and individual feathers fossilized in amber. (See dinosaurs in their feathered glory.)

Familiar Feathers. Classroom Activities: Biodiversity and Evolutionary Trees. Sandwalk: The Adaptation Assessment Probe. I'm taking a MOOC on evolution that's designed for educators [Evolution: A Course for Educators].

Sandwalk: The Adaptation Assessment Probe

One of the things that was covered in the first lecture was a test on "adpatation" taken from a book called "Uncovering Student Ideas in Science, Volume 4: 25 New Formative Assessment Probes. The book is published by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA). Let's take the test ... Is%20It%20Fitter. Habitat%20Change. Origami Birds. Darwin Finches. ENSI/SENSI: Evolution/Nat.of Sci.Home Page. 14 January 2016 Announcing the 2016 Evolution Film Festival and Video Contest!

ENSI/SENSI: Evolution/Nat.of Sci.Home Page

Scientists and science educators of all stripes — students, postdocs, faculty, and full- or part-time science communicators — are invited to enter the Sixth Annual Evolution Video Competition, sponsored by the Duke Initiative for Science & Society, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), the Society for the Study of Evolution (SSE) and the BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action. First- and second-place winners will receive up to $1,000 and $500, respectively. The deadline to submit your video(s) is TUESDAY, MAY 31st, 2016 (11:00 PM, EST). For more information (and to see entries from previous years) please visit evolutionfilmfestival.org or contact Jory Weintraub (jory@duke.edu) Announcing the 2nd annual Avida-ED Active LENS Workshop. Evolution. Caught in the act. Most animals, plants and other organisms possess a broad range of traits, or features.

Caught in the act

For instance, within a species, some individuals might be bigger. Some might be faster or better camouflaged. Others might have genes that allow them to resist disease, better digest some foods or even learn new tasks more quickly. Many traits help an organism survive and reproduce. These traits often can be inherited. Once-useful traits, however, can become worthless. Until recently, scientists thought such evolution required hundreds of years, if not thousands. These major transformations to our planet still happen. People also change Earth’s air, water and land. Such environmental changes pressure species to adapt ever faster. Charles Darwin’s Game of Survival. The Timescale of Life. Evolution in Paradise. We are pleased to bring you three exciting lessons inspired by the birds-of-paradise!

Evolution in Paradise

These lessons explore the topics of science process, natural and sexual selection, behavior and heritability through hands-on activities and lively discussions… all with the help of the Birds-of Paradise Project videos. This free download is perfect for middle and high school classrooms. Read more about this exciting resource or simply click the button to download. Later, be sure to visit our resources page to find helpful links and additional background information and resources. Scientists Watch As Wasps Diverge To Become Separate Species. We often think of evolution as something which occurs slowly over millions of years, only being recorded in the fossils that are left behind. But evolution is gradual, with species constantly changing in response to a host of different pressures, from alterations in their environment to changes in other species they reply on. This last point, of species evolving and splitting in response to other species evolving and splitting, is a central concept in biodiversity, but is also a difficult one to prove.

A new study has, however, apparently done just this.

Animal Behavior

More Minds-on Activities for Teaching Biology. The resources listed below include: minds-on, hands-on activities and minds-on analysis and discussion activities for teaching biology to high school and middle school students and students in non-major college biology coursesoverviews of important biological topicsgames for learning and review. Many of these activities are explicitly aligned with the Next Generation Science Standards, as indicated by (NGSS) in the descriptions below and as described in Summary Tables and in the Teacher Notes for individual activities. These activities foster student understanding of Disciplinary Core Ideas, engage students in Scientific Practices, provide the opportunity to discuss Crosscutting Concepts, and prepare students to meet the Performance Expectations of the Next Generation Science Standards.

We encourage you to subscribe to our listserv to receive notices when we post new activities or significantly improved versions of current activities. Origami Birds. Darwin Finches.

Cladistics

It Takes Teamwork: How Endosymbiosis Changed Life on Earth. It Takes Teamwork: How Endosymbiosis Changed Life on Earthby the Understanding Evolution team In 1966, microbiologist Kwang Jeon was studying single-celled organisms called amoebae, when his amoebae communities were struck by an unexpected plague: a bacterial infection. Literally thousands of the tiny invaders — named x-bacteria by Jeon — squeezed inside each amoeba cell, causing the cell to become dangerously sick.

Only a few amoebae survived the epidemic. However, several months later, the few surviving amoebae and their descendents seemed to be unexpectedly healthy. Had the amoebae finally managed to fight off the x-bacterial infection? Teaching_strategies. Natural Hazards• ELI Natural Hazards category Plate tectonicsPlate tectonics - whole concept:-• Partial melting - simple process, huge global impact (ELI+)• Partial melting model and real rock (ELI+)• Plate riding (ELI+)• Plate tectonics through the window (ELI+) Evidence and explanation for the theory:-• Continental jigsaw puzzle (ELI+)• Earth time jigsaw puzzle• Geobattleships (ELI+)• Wegener’s ‘Continental drift’ meets Wilson’s ‘Plate tectonics’ (ELI+)• Did the continents move for you? AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic. Bruce Walker, MD and Bisola Ojikutu, MD, MPH are passionate about fighting the global AIDS epidemic. Walker focuses on vaccine development in the lab, while Ojikutu works in the clinic and focuses on epidemiology.

Complementing their U.S. -based research, each spends several months a year in Durban in South Africa’s KwaZulu-Natal province—a region at the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa and the place with the highest incidence of HIV infection in the world. For Walker and Ojikutu, HIV research and community work go hand in hand. They are involved in myriad programs that deliver health care to infected individuals while also doing research to improve and develop treatments for AIDS. Evolution: Constant Change and Common Threads (Available for Check-out)

Contact Brandi if you wish to borrow the DVD – brandiwilliams

Cosmos A Space Time Odyssey - Some of the Things That Molecules Do Season 1 Full Episode 2. Great fossil find. Paused: Oops. Genghis Khan. Microsoft Word - Breeding Bunnies.doc - Breeding Bunnies.pdf. Timeline Eons FREE. Charles Darwin's Game of Survival. U1_L7_LessonPlan.pdf. U1_L6_LessonPlan.pdf. Evolution: Library: Threat of Tuberculosis. It's sobering to realize that the ancient scourge, tuberculosis, which has been found in 2,000-year-old mummies, remains a global health threat despite modern medicine. In fact, TB is the leading infectious disease killer in the world, causing nearly 3 million deaths in 1996. Millions of people -- fully one-third of the world's population -- are infected with the TB bacterium.

Inheritance. SurvivaloftheSneakiest. Origami Birds. Evolution: Change: All in the Family. Natural Selection - Natural Selection, Evolution, Mutation. ENSI/SENSI Lesson List: Evolution. Short Films. “Film is a powerful way to tell stories. … The right story, told well, can be engaging, informative, and memorable.” —Sean B.

NIH Curriculum Supplement Series for High School - Evolution and Medicine. The Timescale of Life. Main. Cut and Run. Ss0707_24. BIO_Quackers and Cottontails_web.indb - BIO_Quackers and Cottontails_web.pdf. Evolution.

Contact Brandi if you wish to borrow the DVDs – brandiwilliams

100 Years of Breed “Improvement” Holiday Lectures on Science. Charles Darwin's Game of Survival. Virtual Age Dating portal. Explorations Through Time. Click and Learn. Biological Evolution. Spork & Beans: Addressing Evolutionary Misconceptions. ENSI/SENSI Lesson List: Evolution. Evolution: Online Lessons for Students: Activity 4- Activity Title. Becoming Human. Human Evolution by The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program. BioInteractive Search Results. Series. BioInteractive Search Results. Lectures How reasoning and evidence are used to understand human evolution. Bird Beak Adaptations - Natural Selection (Diana Van Pelt) - sed555f11. Understanding Evolution.

Clipbirds. Lots of lessons.