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Etiolation is a condition caused by the growth of plants in the absence of light. It is characterized by a pale yellow coloring, sparse leaves, and weak, elongated stems. The stems of a plant grown in darkness grow longer and thinner in order to reach a potential light source. When a plant grows in sunlight, the tips of its stems move towards the source of light in order to maximize photosynthesis , the conversion of carbon dioxide into organic compounds necessary to plant life using the energy of sunlight.
A hypnic jerk , hypnagogic jerk , sleep start , or night start , is an involuntary twitch which occurs during hypnagogia , just as a person is beginning to fall asleep, often causing them to awaken suddenly for a moment. Physically, hypnic jerks resemble the "jump" experienced by a person when startled, [ 1 ] often accompanied by a falling sensation . [ 2 ] A higher occurrence is reported in people with irregular sleep schedules. [ 3 ] [ edit ] Causes According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine there is a wide range of potential causes, including anxiety, caffeine, stress, and strenuous activities in the evening. [ 4 ] During an epilepsy and intensive care study, the lack of a preceding spike discharge measured on an epilepsy monitoring unit, along with the presence only at sleep onset, helped differentiate hypnic jerks from epileptic myoclonus . [ 5 ]
Cultural Issues Dominant Representations of Lesbians The broader cultural archetypes that represent lesbians today did not just appear out of mid air. The figures of the lesbian athlete, the lesbian actress, and the lesbian writer have historically been both productions of mainstream culture in order to represent lesbianism as a “problem,” and also the lived experiences of lesbians within dominant, heterosexual culture.
The Angel Moroni ( pron.: / m ɒ ˈ r oʊ n aɪ / ) is, in Mormonism , an angel that visited Joseph Smith, Jr. on numerous occasions, beginning on September 21, 1823. According to Smith, the angel was the guardian of the golden plates , which Latter Day Saints believe were the source material for the Book of Mormon , buried in a hill near Smith's home in western New York. Moroni is an important figure in the theology of the Latter Day Saint movement , and is featured prominently in Mormon architecture and art. Three Witnesses besides Joseph Smith also reported that they saw Moroni in visions in 1829, as did several other witnesses who each said they had their own vision. Moroni is thought by Latter Day Saints to be the same person as a Book of Mormon prophet-warrior named Moroni , who was the last to write in the golden plates. The book states that Moroni buried them before he died after a great battle between two pre-Columbian civilizations.
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SAM KIMURA is an elderly veteran and war hero from World War II, living alone and hardened against the world. He has not spoken to his family for over fifty years, but remains haunted by a longing for things lost decades ago. Sam stands with the “old guard” of the Japanese American Citizens League, who condemned those who resisted the draft during World War II or showed any other sign of disloyalty to the United States. But a surprise visit from a stranger, just after the events of 9/11, rekindles memories, and Sam rediscovers things he once knew, and learns new inf <p style="text-align:right;color:#A8A8A8"></p>
Robert Jeschonek’s YA fantasy, My Favorite Band Does Not Exist , is coming soon from Clarion. Visit him at thefictioneer.com . To free the U.S. from its crushing debt, a group of rogue American generals are planning a ruthless attack on China. FBI Agent Erica Blake tries to stop it. The Forty-Eighth Nebula Awards Weekend will be held May 16-19th, 2013, in San Jose at the San Jose Hilton. The Weekend will include your choice of three tours on Friday.
Demeny voting refers to the idea of providing a political voice for children by allowing parents or guardians to vote on their behalf. The term was coined by Warren C. Sanderson in 2007. [ 1 ] Under a Demeny voting system , each parent would cast a proxy vote , worth half a vote, for each of their dependent children, thus allowing for a split vote if the parents' political views differ. Once children reach the minimum voting age , their parents would no longer vote on their behalf. [ edit ] History
A gerontocracy is a form of oligarchical rule in which an entity is ruled by leaders who are significantly older than most of the adult population. The ancient Greeks were among the first to believe in this idea of gerontocracies as famously stated by Plato, “it is for the elder man to rule and for the younger to submit”. [ 1 ] These beliefs however are not unique to ancient Greece as many cultures still subscribe to this way of thinking. Often these political structures are such that political power within the ruling class accumulates with age, making the oldest the holders of the most power.
Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía) ; from ὀλίγος (olígos) , meaning "few", and ἄρχω (arkho) , meaning "to rule or to command") [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. These people could be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, corporate, or military control. Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who pass their influence from one generation to the next. [ citation needed ] In his 2011 book Oligarchy, Jeffrey A. Winters defines oligarchy as "the politics of wealth defense by materially endowed actors". In Winters' definition, massive wealth is the key factor in identifying oligarchs. Throughout history, oligarchies have been tyrannical (relying on public obedience and/or oppression to exist) or relatively benign.
By Rob Waugh PUBLISHED: 12:54 GMT, 15 May 2012 | UPDATED: 13:22 GMT, 15 May 2012 The computer of the future could be a tiny pocket-sized stick that you simply plug into the back of any flatscreen television. The Cotton Candy USB stick turns any television into a fully functioning computer armed with the Android operating system, HD games and word processing via Google Documents. The price for the Cotton Candy hasn't been set yet - but it will be 'well under $200/£125', its makers promise. It's due to release later this year.
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1. There Are Human Remains in the Haunted Mansion The Haunted Mansion ride at Disneyland is one of the scariest places in the park, but not for the reasons you’d expect. In his 1994 book Mouse Tales , former Disney employee David Koenig tells the story of a tourist group that requested a little extra time on the ride so they could hold a quick memorial for a 7-year-old boy.
By Gina Barreca, Ph.D. It's a dreary day, so I thought I'd indulge myself and come up with a list of my favorite comedies. A caveat, however: this is not a fancy English-professor-y list of the finest, most exquisitely crafted, most erudite or intellectually sophisticated works on paper in the language. This is a list of the books that make me laugh until my mascara starts to run. These are books to read over your first cup of coffee or just before you go to sleep . Remember: a day you've laughed is day you haven't wasted--even if you didn't get out of bed.