background preloader

Public Health

Facebook Twitter

12 Great Articles and Essays about Medical Science. Making the Case for History in Medical Education. + Author Affiliations Email: dsjones@harvard.edu Abstract Historians of medicine have struggled for centuries to make the case for history in medical education.

Making the Case for History in Medical Education

They have developed many arguments about the value of historical perspective, but their efforts have faced persistent obstacles, from limited resources to curricular time constraints and skepticism about whether history actually is essential for physicians. Recent proposals have suggested that history should ally itself with the other medical humanities and make the case that together they can foster medical professionalism. What is the future of the history of medicine at medical schools? Joseph M. Gabriel, “Medical Monopoly: Intellectual Property Rights and the Origins of the Modern Pharmaceutical Industry” (U Chicago Press, 2013)

David Wright, “Downs: The History of a Disability” (Oxford UP, 2011) Kara W. Swanson, “Banking on the Body: The Market in Blood, Milk, and Sperm in Modern America” (Harvard UP, 2014) Yesterday’s drugs are tomorrow’s medicines – Benjamin Breen. My sister is a witch.

Yesterday’s drugs are tomorrow’s medicines – Benjamin Breen

Or, more precisely, a Wiccan astrologer and tarot reader. Growing up as a kid who worshipped Carl Sagan and Stephen Hawking, I found it hard to square her worldview with my own. But that didn’t stop me from feeling a thrill when I visited her shabbily ornate, mist-clad Victorian house in San Francisco’s Mission District in the late 1990s. First Blood Transfusion: A History. The world’s first experiments with blood transfusion occurred in the mid-1660s in England.

First Blood Transfusion: A History

The procedure, which was first carried out between dogs, was gruesome: the dogs were tied down, the arteries and veins in their necks opened, and blood transferred from one to another through quills (most likely made from goose feathers) inserted into the blood vessels. The experimentalist started and stopped the flow of blood by loosening and tightening threads tied with running knots around the dogs’ blood vessels.

The blood of the “emittent” dog flowed from its carotid artery into a vein in the recipient’s neck while the recipient’s own blood ran out its carotid artery. Medicine and Mistrust by Zach Maher. “The world of my parents, and that of their children, dramatically improved in the latter half of the twentieth century as modern medicine introduced an array of effective vaccines and antibiotics,” writes Jerome Groopman, reviewing On Immunity by Eula Biss in the March 5, 2015, issue of The New York Review of Books.

Medicine and Mistrust by Zach Maher

“When the Salk vaccine against the polio virus became available… I was inoculated, along with my siblings. The idea of preventing or curing dreaded infectious diseases ‘naturally,’ relying on the body alone, hardly entered our minds.” Eula Biss is one of many parents for whom the decision to inoculate a child, in 2015, is not so simple. “We fear that vaccination will invite autism or any one of the diseases of immune dysfunction that now plague industrialized countries—diabetes, asthma, and allergies,” she writes. “We fear that the hepatitis B vaccine will cause multiple sclerosis, or that the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine will cause sudden infant death. There’s No Way Out of It! by Jerome Groopman. On Immunity: An Inoculation by Eula Biss Graywolf, 205 pp., $24.00 Bad Faith: When Religious Belief Undermines Modern Medicine by Paul A.

There’s No Way Out of It! by Jerome Groopman

Five historical figures who dared to be pro-vaccine before their time. With more than 100 confirmed cases of measles in the United States so far this year, many of which have been linked to the Disneyland outbreak in December, the importance of vaccines can't be understated.

Five historical figures who dared to be pro-vaccine before their time

Do Infections Make You Dumber? - Pacific Standard. Getting sick sucks.

Do Infections Make You Dumber? - Pacific Standard

Under A Spell. From the early summer of 1839, I was, till this autumn, a prisoner from illness.

Under A Spell

My recovery now, by means of mesmeric treatment alone, has given me the most thorough knowledge possible that mesmerism is true. Call of Duty. What is it to feel a calling for anything?

Call of Duty

Is it not to do your work in it to satisfy your own high idea of what is the right, the best, and not because you will be “found out” if you don’t do it? This is the enthusiasm that everyone, from a shoemaker to a sculptor, must have in order to follow his calling properly. Now the nurse has to do, not with shoes, or with chisel and marble, but with human beings; and if she, for her own satisfaction, does not look after her patients, no “telling” will make her capable of doing so. Six Ways the Civil War Changed American Medicine. In 1862, U.S.

Six Ways the Civil War Changed American Medicine

Surgeon General William Hammond put out a call to medical field officers in the Union Army: Send any specimens of morbid anatomy that might be valuable to military medicine and surgery. The Frightening Legacy of Typhoid Mary. Alternative Medicines. When Amy Huffman and Karl Milhon entered the clinic, they knew they were doing so under false pretenses. Milhon told the doctor, Hulda Regehr Clark, that he was a bisexual man whose former partner had recently been diagnosed with HIV—essentially, a death sentence in 1993. Huffman was there as his friend, to hold his hand and offer support as he received his diagnosis. Milhon signed a form stating that he understood Clark was a naturopath, a practitioner of alternative medicine who used “vitamins, minerals, and herbs to change amino acids in the body,” as well as “orthomolecular nutritional therapy.”

An Italian cemetery may provide clues on cholera’s evolution. Undergraduate students examine the skeleton of a young male excavated from the Badia Pozzeveri cemetery A team of archaeologists and other researchers hope that an ancient graveyard in Italy can yield clues about the deadly bacterium that causes cholera. The researchers are excavating the graveyard surrounding the abandoned Badia Pozzeveri church in the Tuscany region of Italy. The site contains victims of the cholera epidemic that swept the world in the 1850s, said Clark Spencer Larsen, professor of anthropology at The Ohio State University and one of the leaders of the excavation team.

Archaeologists and their students have spent the past four summers painstakingly excavating remains in a special section of the cemetery used for cholera victims. What McDonald's Is Really Doing by Banning Antibiotics in Poultry. Last week, fast-food giant McDonald's announced a commitment to stop serving chicken raised with "human" antibiotics in its American restaurants. The chain was widely lauded for a decision that followed in the footsteps of chicken purveyors Perdue and other restaurant chains like Chick-fil-A and Chipotle. As one of the nation's largest purchasers of poultry, McDonald's switch will have a dramatic effect on the U.S. poultry industry: The chain gave suppliers like Tyson Foods, Inc. two years to accomplish a shift that took Perdue more than decade — and several million dollars — to implement. Other food corporations will almost certainly continue this trend (Costco Wholesale, which sells millions of rotisserie chickens in its stores, followed suit mere days later).

Antibiotics have been used in farm animals for decades, but not only to treat infections or prevent the spread of disease. In 2012, almost 97 percent of agricultural antibiotics were sold without a veterinary prescription. Lead Poisoning: The Ignored Scandal by Helen Epstein. Lead Wars: The Politics of Science and the Fate of America’s Children by Gerald Markowitz and David Rosner University of California Press/ Milbank Memorial Fund, 298 pp., $34.95 (to be published in April) An Unlikely Alliance Fights HIV In The Bronx's Afro-Honduran Diaspora : Code Switch.

A December celebration launching a partnership between members of the Garifuna community and a doctor in New York. The collaboration is aimed at reducing the HIV infection rate among the Garifuna. Alexandra Starr/NPR hide caption itoggle caption Alexandra Starr/NPR. Poorly Defined Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Used to Blame, Criminalize Mothers. Beginning in December, female customers in bars across Alaska will have access to an unexpected resource: pregnancy tests.

Exploring the Causes of Black Women’s Obesity. Julie Palmer, a senior epidemiologist at BU's Slone Epidemiology Center, has coordinated the Black Women's Health Study since 1995. The Heroin Heroine of Reddit — Backchannel. How a former addict uses the internetto save drug users’ lives. Sierra Leone is free of Ebola, 18 months and 11,000 deaths after outbreak. A Red Cross burial team wore protective equipment in 2014. Remembering Ryan White, 25 years after his death. Elizabeth Taylor Reportedly Ran an AIDS Pharmaceuticals Ring from Her Bel Air Mansion. How Our Days Became Numbered: Risk and the Rise of the Statistical Individual, Bouk. How mathematics can make epidemics history – Adam Kucharski. List of Rare Diseases. Hillel D. Braude, "Intuition in Medicine: A Philosophical Defense of Clinical Reasoning" (U Chicago Press, 2012) Beatrix Hoffman, "Health Care for Some: Rights and Rationing in the United States since 1930" (U of Chicago, 2012)

Obamacare and Reagan. Zombies against Medicare. Health: The Right Diagnosis and the Wrong Treatment by Marcia Angell. America’s Bitter Pill: Money, Politics, Backroom Deals, and the Fight to Fix Our Broken Healthcare System. Treating vs. Healing: Understanding What Wellness Means to Patients - Pacific Standard. Joanna Kempner, "Not Tonight: Migraine and the Politics of Gender and Health" (U of Chicago Press, 2014) Take A Valium, Lose Your Kid, Go To Jail. 'Dry Eye' Has Ruined People's Lives — And Stumped The Medical Community. Stanford Medicine Magazine. How We Are Sick: Diagnosis. How risk factors drive medical overtreatment – Jeff Wheelwright. Seth Mnookin: Fighting a One-of-a-Kind Disease. The Deadly Mystery Behind Kawasaki Disease. The butterfly effect. When to Sign Polio's Death Certificate. 60 years in an iron lung: US polio survivor worries about new global threat.

This Doctor Knows Exactly How You Feel - Pacific Standard. Things you wish primary care doctors would know. Dealing With Doctors: Taking Control of Your Health Care Destiny. When Patients Read What Their Doctors Write. Some doctors still use leeches. This is what it's like to be treated by one. Why doctors should treat the healthy too. Experts call for more understanding of hospital weekend death risk. W. Eugene Smith’s Landmark Portrait: ‘Country Doctor’ Patient Assistance Programs - RxHope. Find Services and Information: healthfinder.gov - Your Source for Reliable Health Information. Find urgent care near you. The Enormous Scope of Our National Drinking Problem - Pacific Standard. Greatist - When Your Body Is Dehydrated. 9 questions about urine you were too embarrassed to ask. Storytelling program helps change medical students' perspectives on dementia. A Galveston Med Student Describes Life and Death in the "Safety Net" A. Mark Smith, "From Sight to Light: The Passage from Ancient to Modern Optics" (U of Chicago Press, 2015)

A strong grip means you're less likely to suffer heart attacks and strokes, study claims. Why are Dope-addicted, Disgraced Doctors Running Our Drug Trials? — Matter. Whooping cough resurgence due to vaccinated people not knowing they're infectious? Child Dependency Ratio by Country. Child Low Birth Weight by Country. Leprosy Reported Cases by country. Measles Reported Cases by Country. Male Circumcision Prevalence by Country. Mother to Child Hiv Transmission by Country. Rubella Reported Cases by Country. Tb Patients Living with Hiv by Country. Treatment Sucess for Pulmonary Smear Negative and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis. Public Health and Social Justice » External Links. Untraceable publications. Promoting Adolescent Health. Links to information on environmental health and toxicology, disasters, chemicals, drugs, and targeted populations such as American Indians, Asian Americans, and northern peoples.