Philosophy

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Welcome to Orientalia! Orientalia Journal of Eastern Philosophy and Culture is an international project maintained by scholars and academic publishers in the field of Oriental studies. Our basic aim is to foster the free dissemination of academic and scholarly work in Eastern philosophy, religion, history, and science. Please, register to be able to submit article to the electronic journal of Eastern Philosophy and Culture , as well as take part in the online discussions. Classifieds : Dhirubha Professorship at Stanford Stanford University seeks to develop its program in South Asian studies in the humanities and social sciences. ORIENTALIA | Journal of Eastern Philosophy &Culture: Papers,... ORIENTALIA | Journal of Eastern Philosophy &Culture: Papers,...
Humour

First published Mon Sep 8, 2003; substantive revision Thu Mar 17, 2011 Zombies in philosophy are imaginary creatures used to illuminate problems about consciousness and its relation to the physical world. Unlike those in films or witchraft, they are exactly like us in all physical respects but without conscious experiences: by definition there is ‘nothing it is like’ to be a zombie. Yet zombies behave just like us, and some even spend a lot of time discussing consciousness. Few people think zombies actually exist. Zombies Zombies
Unlike other fools online, I'm humble enough to know not to argue with Godel. That said, I think there is a proof that God *does* exist: Multiverse theory. If one can prove that the Multiverse exists— an infinite number of universes with an infinite variety of physical laws— then by definition, God exists. Or, in practical terms, a God-like being exists that can exercise similar power over the creation, at least within "His" universe. Of course, if that's true, then that means that *this* universe, our universe, could have a God (again, defining God as a higher power). Alas, that doesn't prove that God exists in *our* universe, let alone that it's the God of Abraham (or Xenu, or the Norse, or etc., etc.). Proof of the existence of God

Proof of the existence of God

Allegory of the Cave

Allegory of the Cave Plato realizes that the general run of humankind can think, and speak, etc., without (so far as they acknowledge) any awareness of his realm of Forms. The allegory of the cave is supposed to explain this. In the allegory, Plato likens people untutored in the Theory of Forms to prisoners chained in a cave, unable to turn their heads. All they can see is the wall of the cave. Behind them burns a fire. Between the fire and the prisoners there is a parapet, along which puppeteers can walk.
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Consciousness

Consciousness

The Relativity of Wrong

by Isaac Asimov I received a letter from a reader the other day. It was handwritten in crabbed penmanship so that it was very difficult to read. Nevertheless, I tried to make it out just in case it might prove to be important. The Relativity of Wrong
Start Here

Cradle To Cradle One of the most influential recent books on design and environmentalism.” —Alice Rawsthorn, The New York Times [McDonough] point[s] to a path out of the seemingly un-winnable trench war between conservation and commerce.” —James Surowiecki, The New Yorker A rare example of the ‘inspirational’ book that actually is.” —Steven Poole, The Guardian

Cradle To Cradle

Animal Thought

Animal Thought By Temple Grandin, Ph.D. Department of Animal Science Colorado State University Western Horseman, Nov. 1997, pp.140-145 Temple Grandin is an assistant professor of animal science at Colorado State University. She is the author of the book Thinking in Pictures. Television appearances include 20/20, CBS This Morning, and 48 Hours.

The Question of Free Will

The Question of Free Will Advances in brain science are calling into question the volition behind many criminal acts. A leading neuroscientist describes how the foundations of our criminal-justice system are beginning to crumble, and proposes a new way forward for law and order. On the steamy first day of August 1966, Charles Whitman took an elevator to the top floor of the University of Texas Tower in Austin. The 25-year-old climbed the stairs to the observation deck, lugging with him a footlocker full of guns and ammunition.
Suicide Note
List of paradoxes

List of paradoxes

This is a list of paradoxes, grouped thematically. The grouping is approximate, as paradoxes may fit into more than one category. Because of varying definitions of the term paradox, some of the following are not considered to be paradoxes by everyone. This list collects only scenarios that have been called a paradox by at least one source and have their own article. Although considered paradoxes, some of these are based on fallacious reasoning, or incomplete/faulty analysis.

Logical Paradoxes

Logic is a powerful tool; it can be used to discern and to discover truth. Sometimes, though, this tool falls into the hands of those who would abuse it. Armed with the laws of logic and a few simple, plausible, and apparently harmless assumptions, philosophers can construct proofs of the most absurd conclusions. These proofs can give us pause; should we believe the unbelievable? This is the power of a paradox.

Unsolved problems in philosophy

This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy. Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. "What is the meaning of life?", "Where did we come from?", "What is reality?"