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Police called as council meeting hit by protests over Brixton's 'gentrification' | Politics. Councillors had to be escorted by police out of a planning meeting in Brixton that descended into chaos after activists, local residents, business owners and anti-gentrification protesters reacted in fury to a decision to redevelop railway arches that house independent local businesses. Community activists from the diverse south London neighbourhood stood on tables, threw glitter and declared the “death of Brixton” after the decision was announced on Tuesday.

Lambeth council’s planning committee had voted six to one in favour of the scheme, which has become a battleground in the struggle over gentrification in south London, but police were called to intervene after security guards failed to contain the protest. Dozens of activists and tenants facing eviction had staged a loud demonstration outside the Karibu Education Centre in Brixton before filing inside to hear the planning committee’s two-and-a-half-hour deliberations, holding placards and banners as they filled the room.

How has Brixton really changed? The data behind the story | Cities. Brixton’s identity has changed enormously over time. In the 1920s it was south London’s shopping capital. In the 1950s it became home to immigrants from the West Indies. In the 1980s it was made notorious by riots. But today it faces a very different challenge: it is becoming one of London’s trendiest places to live. Some describe the area’s renaissance as regeneration, others say it is simply gentrification, forcing poorer residents out. So who’s right? Has it become unaffordable? In short, yes, although this is the story across London. “There’s been an influx of people who want to live in this area because it’s seen as cool – it’s the Shoreditch effect,” he explains.

There’s been around 30% growth in Lambeth in the past few years, and he suspects that number would be a lot higher in parts of Brixton. Renting is similarly costly, with the average rent for a one-bed house in the area about £1,744 per month. Has Brixton lost its diversity? Are local businesses being forced out? The gentrification of Brixton: How did the area's character change so utterly? | The Independent.

I met up with a friend recently and we lunched on the first floor of the Ritzy cinema bar in central Brixton in South London. As I placed my order, I remembered that the establishment where I was standing was the place where staff campaigned and went out on strike for a living wage. My seat offered me a view of Windrush Square and the Town Hall building across the road. Once I finished my meal, I went down the stairs and through the ground floor dining area where clients were enjoying their Sunday lunches and fine wines.

What struck me as my friend and I made our way to the exit was that among the diners, there wasn't a single face of colour to be found. In the market the aroma of spicy meat patties blended with the fresh smell of Caribbean vegetables. For power, people would plug in their own generators. Shopping In Brixton market in 1968 (Rex Features) I was one of those teenage reggae-heads of that era. People often talk about the police oppression and it was intense in that era. UK Statistics on Waste statistical notice 25 08 16 update 2. How Curitiba's BRT stations sparked a transport revolution – a history of cities in 50 buildings, day 43 | Cities. Rua Padre Anchieta, as one of the main thoroughfares in Curitiba, Brazil, is a logical focal point for the city’s bus network.

But whereas bus stops in many other cities consist of little more than a sign and perhaps a bench, the ones on Rua Padre Anchieta are a bit different. In the middle of the street sit two tube-shaped stations, raised from ground level and protected from the elements, that open on to two-way express lanes. These lanes are reserved for long orange buses, which zip past slower car traffic and quickly shuttle passengers on and off at the stations on outward-folding ramps. Stations like this now exist throughout the city and metropolitan area. Though difficult to imagine, these distinctive stations that are now the symbol of the city were originally a cost-cutting measure. For much of its existence, Curitiba was a sleepy town eclipsed by São Paulo, its much larger neighbour to the north-east.

Lerner immediately began to shake things up. Let's get our gentrification story straight | UK news. Are we quite sure we’re against gentrification, the urban phenomenon routinely blamed for everything held to be destroying London’s soul, from high housing costs, to corporatised shopping streets, to the pricing out of artists and other creative folk, to the alleged “social cleansing” of the poor? Do we absolutely know that gentrification is to blame for such bad things? Do we really know what we mean by the word? Its most popular deployment is familiar: it disparages the effects of an influx into neighbourhoods “with potential” of newcomers who are wealthier than those already there. At its most pejorative it characterises economic and demographic change in London – especially Inner London - as the colonisation by wealthy people of working class areas with high percentages of ethnic minority residents who are “pushed out” as a result.

This story has become firmly entrenched among the metropolitan left and beyond. Resistance has been declared. Gentrification in London is not new. Regeneration? What's happening in Sheffield's Park Hill is class cleansing | Owen Hatherley | Opinion. Thanks to its intrinsic time lag – the fact that a building commissioned in one era will come to be finished in another – architecture is the best place to see a curious nostalgia for the very recent past. Here you can observe a strange collective desire to pretend it's still 2007, and we aren't going through a crisis that challenges our economy of finance and property to the core.

You can experience this in the Shard, a monument to overpowering growth finding its final form in a period of slump; you can see it in the Olympic site and the speculative apartment blocks of Stratford, a poor east London district that now partially resembles the sort of Blairite theme park envisaged for the Greenwich peninsula 15 years ago, except more grandiosely vacant. There have been arguments about Park Hill ever since it was built in 1961. Its attempt to create "streets in the sky" through wide, airy internal walkways has caused endless debate over whether they are real streets. Park Hill - Ace Geography. Urban decline and regeneration Park Hill, Sheffield - Case study Sheffield used to be a classic example of a city dependent on heavy industry. this had developed because of the area's natural resources, iron ore, water power and coal. Local entrepreneurs and inventors also played a major role in the growth of the area's industry.Park Hill in Sheffield is a huge estate o flats, built up in the 1960s and designed to replace some of the slums left from the 19th and early 20th centuries that housed Sheffield's factory workers.

The new flats had many advantages, with modern amenities such as hot and cold running water and inside toilets, which had been lacking in many of the houses that they replaced. The style of construction also helped to preserve the sense of community, which was lost in some 1960s developments. However, after 40 ears the flats had become run-down and dilapidated.In parallel, as Park Hill aged, local industry went into steep decline. Park Hill, Sheffield. Sheffield's Park Hill: the tangled reality of an extraordinary brutalist dream | Cities. In 21st-century Britain, social housing estates – and particularly those described, usually pejoratively, as “brutalist” – serve as archetypal contemporary ruins. Artworks such as Laura Oldfield Ford’s Ferrier Estate picture them as decayed and dilapidated remnants of a former age now taken over by the creative class.

Even as many of these prefabricated concrete tower blocks have been demolished – usually in spectacular explosive-induced “blowdowns” – some have been reclassified as “unfinished” projects, or ones in need of updating to the new political landscape dominated by neoliberal capitalism. Park Hill in Sheffield was the largest-scale application of the approach known as New Brutalism, characterised by an emphasis on massive scale, the use of unpainted concrete, and a concern for social cohesion in mass housing. Its almost-certain demolition was avoided when English Heritage controversially placed a Grade II* listing on the entire estate in 1998.

Geography fieldwork. You are here: Home > What is counter-urbanisation? Is rural Britain facing a future without young people? Nearly one third of homes bought in 2005 were paid for in cash (i.e. without a mortgage). Since the 1970s, the number of people migrating from cities to the countryside in Britain has rapidly increased.

Improvements in the speed of road transport (with the growth of new roads) has allowed many people to move away from what they perceive as a less desirable urban environment into the more desirable rural environment. Increasingly jobs in industry and services are located in urban fringe or rural locations. These changes mean that country villages are becoming increasingly suburbanised. Counter-urbanisation is the migration of people from an urban area into the surrounding rural area. In some locations, particularly more scenic areas of the countryside such as National Parks, there has been an increase in the number of second homes.

What are the characteristics of a suburbanised village? 11112701R Final TCA Report EC 2011 02 14 lr 4 Little Chalfont. City growth: When big is not beautiful. India has 35 cities with million-plus population, with Mumbai leading the pack with a population of about 17 million. The question arises can individual cities grow forever and whether there is an optimum city size? This is an important question as development plans of cities frequently follow the direction of development rather than guiding them. Is the current size of cities justifiable in terms of greater efficiencies in the production of goods, services and amenities offered to their residents? General equilibrium models of city growth refer to the drawbacks of increasing city size high cost of living, crime, pollution and congestion costs. For example, in Bangalore, the one-way commute time to work increased from about 24 minutes in 1991 to 40 minutes in 2001.

With decentralisation of population and jobs from the dense core of cities to less densely developed suburbs, monocentric cities have evolved into polycentric cities. Commuting Life in Rio. By Martin Kocandrle, Contributing Reporter RIO DE JANEIRO – The trends of population growth and increased urbanization has put serious pressures on the housing market of Rio de Janeiro. Much of the urban growth of of the city has spread outwards into surrounding areas, while businesses have remained centrally located. The result is cheaper housing on the outskirts, but often nightmarish commutes into the center.

Grinding away on the thirteen kilometer bridge to Niteroi, photo by Rodrigo Soldon/Flickr Creative Commons License. Property prices are increasing throughout Rio de Janeiro, and the elite properties of Zona Sul have become increasingly difficult to afford. This leaves many to search for homes outside of the downtown area in places such as Barra da Tijuca, Jacarepagua and Niteroi. As with most suburban scenarios, there are benefits to relocating outside of the hectic realms of the city center. The one way traffic heading home, photo by Erik Ogan/Flickr Creative Commons License. Commuting Life in Rio. Inner city v outer suburbs: where you live really does determine what you get | John Daley | Opinion.

Joe Hockey recently floated the idea of allowing first home buyers to use their superannuation to pay for a home deposit. Such a policy would be more likely to increase the price of housing and reduce retirement incomes than solve the problem. But the suggestion does recognise how growing numbers of Australians cannot fulfil their dreams of owning their own home. Home ownership is falling, especially among younger and lower-income households. In 1981, more than 60% of Australians between the ages of 25-34 owned their own home. By 2011 only 48% did so. The problem is that a growing proportion of people born after 1970 can’t afford to get on the property ladder. Because house prices have increased most quickly in inner and middle suburbs, many people who do manage to buy a home can only afford to live in suburbs on the outer fringes of cities.

People living in fast-growing outer suburbs spend 20% longer commuting than people in inner suburbs. So what can be done? Air pollution costs trillions and holds back poor countries, says World Bank | Global development. Air pollution costs the world trillions of dollars a year and severely impedes development in many countries, according to the World Bank. In a major study (pdf) of the economic costs of indoor and outdoor pollution, the bank found that in 2013 – the year from which the latest available estimates date – China lost nearly 10% of its GDP, India 7.69% and Sri Lanka and Cambodia roughly 8%.

Rich countries are also losing tens of billions of dollars a year through lost work days and welfare costs from premature deaths. Dirty air was found to cost the UK $7.6bn (£5.6bn) a year, the US $45bn and Germany $18bn. Zimbawe, Malawi and Central African Republic were among the world’s least polluted countries, but Liberia had the lowest lost labour costs among developing countries ($25m). Uruguay lost just 0.03% of its GDP, costing it $17m, but Iceland – with only 400,000 people, little industry and costs of just $3m – emerged as the cleanest country in the world overall. India’s Dharavi Recycling Slumdog Entrepreneurs. For the past three decades, there has been a transformation of the recycling psyches that has been experienced across the globe.

New consumerism heaped atop rapid urbanisation and population growth has left municipalities with overarching concerns regarding waste management. For this reason, recycling has become a worldwide multi-billion dollar industry and is set to increase as our consumer culture continues to accelerate. In the West, we recycle because of our understanding that in doing so, it is essential for conserving the planet’s resources. However, for some of the poorest people in the developing world, recycling often isn’t a choice, but a necessity of life.

Sprawling over 550 acres of land in the heart of India’s third largest city, Dharavi’s maze of dilapidated shacks and narrow, odorous alleyways is home to more than one million people. Could it be that these informal, shanty room enterprises are actually leading the city’s green movement? Dharavi: A Recycling Miracle. Sisgeographyigcsewiki.wikispaces. Urban Landuse in LEDC's How does the Urban Earth walk through of Mexico differ from the London example.How does the landuse differ? Why is there a difference? Based on cities of the developing world, using some of the ideas found in the MEDC models, but also incorporating the urban features only foundi n LEDC cities. The CBD is still central to the urban area, and is the area of highest landprice. Industrial development is along major transport routes, whilst there are also sectors of high-class housing.

The most striking difference between the LEDC model and the MEDC models is the remaining residential areas. The favelas or shanty towns are illegal settlements, where the houses are built from what ever the people can find, and there are no basic amenities.In some cities, such as Sao Paulo, schemes have been introduced to help the residents of the favelas, and these people can be found in the sector of housing improvements schemes. LEDC Land Use Model: Comparison with Burgess and Hoyt. In Indian Slum, Misery, Work, Politics and Hope. An urbanist's guide to the Mumbai slum of Dharavi | Cities. Dharavi Slum. 'Mumbai is on the verge of imploding' | Cities. DharaviCasestudy.

South Asia | Mumbai's slum solution? The best idea to redevelop Dharavi slum? Scrap the plans and start again | Cities. WORLD CITIES REPORT 2016. Dharavi case study Flashcards. Health in Indian slums: inside Mumbai’s busiest public hospital | Guardian Sustainable Business. The best idea to redevelop Dharavi slum? Scrap the plans and start again | Cities. Only 3% of UK adults feel ashamed at wasting food, poll finds | Business. Dharavi Slum - A Look Inside India's Largest Slum. Dharavi Slum - A Look Inside India's Largest Slum.