The Picture Library of the British Library. Collections. Belvedere. Explore the paintings. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Icons (from the Greek eikones) are sacred images representing the saints, Christ, and the Virgin, as well as narrative scenes such as Christ's Crucifixion.
While today the term is most closely associated with wooden panel painting, in Byzantium icons could be crafted in all media, including marble, ivory, ceramic, gemstone, precious metal, enamel, textile, fresco, and mosaic. Icons ranged in size from the miniature to the monumental.