what if police would coördinate raids on democr/repuli meetings?
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A conflict of interest ( COI ) occurs when an individual or organization is involved in multiple interests, one of which could possibly corrupt the motivation for an act in another. The presence of a conflict of interest is independent from the execution of impropriety. Therefore, a conflict of interest can be discovered and voluntarily defused before any corruption occurs. A widely used definition is: “A conflict of interest is a set of circumstances that creates a risk that professional judgment or actions regarding a primary interest will be unduly influenced by a secondary interest.” [ 1 ] Primary interest refers to the principal goals of the profession or activity, such as the protection of clients, the health of patients, the integrity of research, and the duties of public office.
The Independent Police Complaints Commission ( IPCC ) is a non-departmental public body in England and Wales responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales . A parlimentary inquiry setup in the wake of the death of Ian Tomlinson concluded in January 2013 that, "It has neither the powers nor the resources that it needs to get to the truth when the integrity of the police is in doubt." [ 1 ] [ edit ] Role It can also elect to manage or supervise the police investigation into a particular complaint and will independently investigate the most serious cases itself. While some of the IPCC's investigators are former police officers, the commissioners themselves cannot have worked for the police by law. [ 2 ] It has set standards for police forces to improve the way the public's complaints are handled. The IPCC also handles appeals by the public about the way their complaint was dealt with by the local force, or its outcomes.
The Freedom of Information Act ( FOIA ) is a federal freedom of information law that allows for the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government . The Act defines agency records subject to disclosure, outlines mandatory disclosure procedures and grants nine exemptions to the statute. [ 1 ] It was originally signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson , despite his misgivings, [ 2 ] on July 4, 1966 as 5 U.S.C. § 552 and went into effect the following year. [ 3 ] The Federal Government's Freedom of Information Act should not be confused with the different and varying Freedom of Information Acts passed by the individual states . Many of those state acts may be similar but not identical to the federal act.
When a series of crackdowns on the Occupy camps suddenly occurred in, more or less, the same week, many observers wondered if perhaps the attacks had been coordinated at a national level. Oakland Mayor Jean Quan confirmed that suspicion during an appearance on the BBC - excerpted on The Takeaway radio program - when she casually mentioned taking part in a conference call with the leaders of 18 US cities right before the raids. “I was recently on a conference call with 18 cities across the country who had the same situation," said Quan.
US citizens of all political persuasions are still reeling from images of unparallelled police brutality in a coordinated crackdown against peaceful OWS protesters in cities across the nation this past week . An elderly woman was pepper-sprayed in the face; the scene of unresisting, supine students at UC Davis being pepper-sprayed by phalanxes of riot police went viral online; images proliferated of young women – targeted seemingly for their gender – screaming, dragged by the hair by police in riot gear; and the pictures of a young man, stunned and bleeding profusely from the head, emerged in the record of the middle-of-the-night clearing of Zuccotti Park. But just when Americans thought we had the picture – was this crazy police and mayoral overkill, on a municipal level, in many different cities? – the picture darkened.
Protesters outside a Bank of America annual shareholders' meeting in Charlotte, North Carolina. Photograph: Jason Miczek/Reuters Last fall, I argued that the violent reaction to Occupy and other protests around the world had to do with the 1%ers' fear of the rank and file exposing massive fraud if they ever managed get their hands on the books. At that time, I had no evidence of this motivation beyond the fact that financial system reform and increased transparency were at the top of many protesters' list of demands. But this week presents a sick-making trove of new data that abundantly fills in this hypothesis and confirms this picture.
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Protesters at "Occupy Wall Street" camp, Liberty Square Photo Credit: Sarah Jaffe December 1, 2011 | Like this article?
When a single article is recommended on Facebook 235,000 times, tweeted nearly 7,000 times, gets close to 1,000 comments and is viewed, over three days, by approximately 1 million people, it is by any account a phenomenon. But just what kind of phenomenon Naomi Wolf's article is , that is in dispute. For those who don't have the time to review the entire discussion thread, or look up all the external links to critiques in other blogs, we thought it would be useful to provide a "best of" summary – however slight and partial an account that might be of the reception of this influential, if controversial article.
FBI headquarters in Washington, DC claims it can't find any internal documents the agency may have on the protest movement known as Occupy Wall Street, according to a letter the agency sent to Truthout in response to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. Truthout filed a FOIA request with the FBI on October 31, seeking a wide-range of documents, including "emails, memos, audio/video, transcripts, reports, threat assessments," in which Occupy Wall Street was discussed internally by agency officers and/or senior officials and/or any correspondence the agency had about the protest movement with local law enforcement and/or with local government officials. Our request also sought documents related to any discussions that may have taken place "between FBI personnel, including FBI field agents" and the "CIA and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), related to the protest movement known as 'Occupy Wall Street.'"
FBI Claims It Does Not Have Any Documents on Occupy Wall Street Tuesday 22 November 2011 by: Jason Leopold, Truthout | Report The Department of Homeland Security says it is processing a separate FOIA request Truthout files with the agency in October for documents pertaining to Occupy Wall Street. FBI headquarters in Washington, DC claims it can’t find any internal documents the agency may have on the protest movement known as Occupy Wall Street, according to a letter the agency sent to Truthout in response to a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. Truthout filed a FOIA request with the FBI on October 31, seeking a wide-range of documents, including “emails, memos, audio/video, transcripts, reports, threat assessments,” in which Occupy Wall Street was discussed internally by agency officers and/or senior officials and/or any correspondence the agency had about the protest movement with local law enforcement and/or with local government officials. Read more.
Over the last few days, the Police Executive Research Forum has been the subject of several false articles and blog postings alleging that we have been coordinating police crackdowns on Occupy protests. This is not true. PERF conducted two conference calls for the sole purpose of allowing police chiefs to compare notes about their experiences with “Occupy” protests. The last conference call was held on November 4—more than two weeks ago. PERF urges everyone who wishes to obtain an accurate view of PERF’s work to read a report that we released in July 2011 called “Managing Major Events: Best Practices from the Field.” This report, which is available on our website at http://www.policeforum.org/dotAsset/1491727.pdf , summarizes the views of police leaders who participated in a PERF conference in November 2010 to discuss issues related to major events such as large-scale protests.
A national group with ties to Homeland Security helped paln the Occupy Oakland busts As cities across America evict encampments of the Occupy Wall Street movement, similarities of timing, talking points and tactics among major metropolitan mayors and police chiefs have led critics to wonder: Is some sort of national coordination going on? The White House says there’s no federal oversight.
Many of us have been wondering why the raids on Occupy camps across the country have had such a coordinated feel. If only the official response to real social ills could have been as timely and widespread as the crackdown on peaceful demonstrators expressing their freedom of speech, assembly, and the press covering their protest. An article at Examiner.com was understandably derided as being under-sourced for a charge as serious as a national DHS crackdown on non-violent protests. However, we have now received confirmation via Amy Goodman's interview on the 11/17 episode of Democracy Now! with PERF Executive Director Chuck Wexler that this private NGO coordinated high-level conference calls amongst 40 police chiefs, distinct from the mayoral "therapy session" referred to by Oakland Mayor Jean Quan , in order to broadcast advice and documentation about cracking down on the Occupy social movement. From the San Francisco Bay Guardian :
In case any of you have forgotten, from The Daily Telegraph of August 10, 2011: In an interview with The Daily Telegraph, Bill Bratton, the former New York police chief, said many young people, especially gang members, had been “emboldened” by over-cautious policing tactics and lenient sentencing policies. Losing public confidence in its ability to provide security — through force if necessary — created “incredible difficulty” for a police force, he said. To be effective, a police force should have “a lot of arrows in the quiver,” said Mr Bratton, advocating a doctrine of “escalating force” where weapons including rubber bullets, Tasers, pepper spray and water cannon were all available to commanders. Sound familiar?