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Paul Mountjoy WASHINGTON- April 14, 2013- “ As a homosexual, I have companions. The most faithful of all is depression” –Ray Brown, Author. The question of whether homosexuality is a choice remains on the front lines of criticisms, as many in common society believe one chooses to be lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB).
The 2012 Henry G. Friesen International Prize is awarded to Canadian Neuroscientist Marc Tessier-Lavigne, President of Rockefeller University. The Prize, established by the Friends of Canadian Institutes of Health Research (FCIHR) in collaboration with the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, recognizes exceptional innovation by a visionary health leader of international stature.
Marc Trevor Tessier-Lavigne (born c. 1960) is a neuroscientist who is president of The Rockefeller University in New York City. He was formerly executive vice president for research and the chief scientific officer at Genentech . Tessier-Lavigne succeeded Nobel laureate Paul Nurse . He is the first industry executive to assume the Rockefeller presidency. [ 1 ] Tessier-Lavigne was born in Trenton, Ontario . He grew up in Europe from ages 7 to 17, where his father was serving with NATO as part of the Canadian Armed Forces . [ 2 ] He earned his first undergraduate degree from McGill University , where he majored in Physics and attended the University of Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship , where he "first encountered the nervous system and fell in love with it" and earned a B.A. in Philosophy and Physiology. [ 1 ] [ 3 ] Tessier-Lavigne was awarded a doctorate in physiology from University College London .
It's more than twice as old as the Pyramids, or even the written word. When it was built, saber-toothed tigers and woolly mammoths still roamed, and the Ice Age had just ended. The elaborate temple at Gobelki Tepe in southeastern Turkey, near the Syrian border, is staggeringly ancient: 11,500 years old, from a time just before humans learned to farm grains and domesticate animals. According to the German archaeologist in charge of excavations at the site, it might be the birthplace of agriculture, of organized religion — of civilization itself. "This is the first human-built holy place," Klaus Schmidt of the German Archaeological Institute says in the November issue of Smithsonian magazine. • Click here to visit FOXNews.com's Archaeology Center.
They call it potbelly hill, after the soft, round contour of this final lookout in southeastern Turkey. To the north are forested mountains. East of the hill lies the biblical plain of Harran, and to the south is the Syrian border, visible 20 miles away, pointing toward the ancient lands of Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent, the region that gave rise to human civilization. And under our feet, according to archeologist Klaus Schmidt, are the stones that mark the spot—the exact spot—where humans began that ascent. Standing on the hill at dawn, overseeing a team of 40 Kurdish diggers, the German-born archeologist waves a hand over his discovery here, a revolution in the story of human origins.
An interpretation of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom [ 1 ] Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation". [ 2 ] Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology , some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.
Nathaniel Branden (born 9 April 1930) is a Los Angeles, California -based Canadian psychotherapist and writer known for his work in the psychology of self-esteem . A former associate and one-time romantic partner of novelist-philosopher Ayn Rand , Branden also played a prominent role in the 1960s in promoting Rand's philosophy , Objectivism . Rand and Branden split acrimoniously in 1968, after which Branden focused on developing his own psychological theory and mode of therapy. [ edit ] Early life and education Nathaniel Branden was born Nathan Blumenthal in Brampton, Ontario , and grew up alongside three sisters, two older and one younger. [ 1 ] A gifted student, he became impatient with his studies during his first year of high school and skipped school often in favor of the library.
Drugs of abuse target the brain's pleasure center. [ 1 ] Certain neural structures, called the reward system , are critically involved mediating the effects of reinforcement. A reward is an appetitive stimulus given to a human or some other animal to alter its behavior.
Most animals have a daily pattern of rest and activity. Some animals are more active during the day (diurnal) and some are more active during the night (nocturnal). How much time do animals spend sleeping?
The Rational Optimist: How Prosperity Evolves Matt Ridley turns from investigating human nature to investigating human progress. In The Rational Optimist Ridley offers a counterblast to the prevailing pessimism of our age, and proves, however much we like to think to the contrary, that things are getting better. Over 10,000 years ago there were fewer than 10 million people on the planet.
Classical conditioning (also Pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning ) is a form of learning in which the conditioned stimulus or CS, comes to signal the occurrence of a second stimulus, the unconditioned stimulus or US. (A stimulus is a factor that causes a response in an organism.) The conditioned response is the learned response to the previously neutral stimulus. [ 1 ] The US is usually a biologically significant stimulus such as food or pain that elicits a response from the start; this is called the unconditioned response or UR. The CS usually produces no particular response at first, but after conditioning it elicits the conditioned response or CR. Classical conditioning differs from operant or instrumental conditioning , in which behavior emitted by the subject is strengthened or weakened by its consequences (i.e. reward or punishment). [ 2 ]
by Edward Bernays THE conscious and intelligent manipulation of the organized habits and opinions of the masses is an important element in democratic society. Those who manipulate this unseen mechanism of society constitute an invisible government which is the true ruling power of our country. We are governed, our minds are molded, our tastes formed, our ideas suggested, largely by men we have never heard of. This is a logical result of the way in which our democratic society is organized. Vast numbers of human beings must cooperate in this manner if they are to live together as a smoothly functioning society.
Aesthetics ( also spelled æsthetics ) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art , beauty , and taste , with the creation and appreciation of beauty. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] It is more scientifically defined as the study of sensory or sensori-emotional values, sometimes called judgments of sentiment and taste. [ 3 ] More broadly, scholars in the field define aesthetics as "critical reflection on art, culture and nature ." [ 4 ] [ 5 ] More specific aesthetic theory, often with practical implications, relating to a particular branch of the arts is divided into areas of aesthetics such as art theory, literary theory , film theory and music theory .
How someone with synesthesia might perceive certain letters and numbers. Synesthesia (also spelled synæsthesia or synaesthesia , plural synesthesiæ or synæsthesiæ ), from the ancient Greek σύν (syn), "together," and αἴσθησις (aisthēsis), " sensation ," is a neurological condition in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] People who report such experiences are known as synesthetes.
Psychopathy ( / s aɪ ˈ k ɒ p ə θ i / [ 1 ] [ 2 ] is a personality disorder that has been variously characterized by shallow emotions (including reduced fear , a lack of empathy , and stress tolerance), coldheartedness , egocentricity , superficial charm , manipulativeness , irresponsibility , impulsivity , criminality , antisocial behavior , a lack of remorse , and a parasitic lifestyle. However, there is no consensus about the symptom criteria and there are ongoing debates regarding issues such as essential features, causes, and the possibility of treatment. [ 3 ]