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Stone-age massacre offers earliest evidence of human warfare | Science. Some 10,000 years ago a woman in the last stages of pregnancy met a terrible death, trussed like a captive animal and dumped into shallow water at the edge of a Kenyan lagoon. She died with at least 27 members of her tribe, all equally brutally murdered, in the earliest evidence of warfare between stone age hunter-gatherers. The fossilised remains of the victims, still lying where they fell, preserved in the sediment of a marshy pool that dried up thousands of years ago, were found by a team of scientists from Cambridge University. The evidence of their deaths was graphic and unmistakable: the remains, which include at least eight women and six children, show skulls smashed in, skeletons shot through or stabbed with stone arrows and blades, and in four cases, hands almost certainly bound. “The deaths at Nataruk are testimony to the antiquity of inter-group violence and war,” said Marta Mirazón Lahr, from the Leverhulme Centre for Human Evolutionary Studies at Cambridge, who led the study.

'Hello mum, this is going to be hard for you to read ...' - Home News. In the spring of 2009, the 2nd Battalion, The Rifles deployed to Afghanistan. Halfway through the battalion's tour, it has lost nine soldiers, with dozens injured. Of those to have given their lives, four were teenagers. Here Rifleman Cyrus Thatcher, who was 19 when he was killed by an explosion near Gereshk seven weeks ago, tells his own story, through letters home and the last letter he left behind to bid farewell to his family – his mother Helena, father Robin and brothers Zac, 21, and Steely, 17. Following are the words of a proud soldier described by his officers as possessing "a rucksack full of potential", and by his friends as a rascal always cracking jokes and helping to keep morale high. 27 April 2009 Hello Mum I've just got your bluey [letter] (the 1st one) yea you are right it does get fucking hot, I can't work out wether I'm tanned or just burnt to fuck!!

Iv been thinking of loads of things and places to do, go and see. 1 May 2009 Hey Mum + family 12 May 2009 Hello Mother Hey Mum! Why Fight? Some Analytic Philosophy & A Politically Incorrect Answer | OAF Nation. Editor’s Note: This article originally appeared, slightly altered, in a 2 Part series in Havok Journal under the title “Warfighter Intentions, the Munchhausen Trilemma & More”. This article is posted with permission of the original author. There is a guy now known to many as The Reaper. I admire him greatly; not only has he single-skindedly blocked Salon from using their incessant “white privilege” moniker when referring to anything involving guns or the United States, but Army Ranger/Sniper Nick Irving also killed dozens of men while carrying out combat operations overseas. In an interview with a FOX News blonde, Irving was loosely questioned about his mindset and motivation.

Irving replied with the following, “You do it for your brothers, that’s the reason why I did it… I just wanted to be there for the 75th Ranger Regiment.” And he probably did do it for his brothers; there is no reason to doubt him. The trilemma is ever-present in daily life, or at least it can be utilized. Are we? Why it’s so hard to come home from war. America’s war in Afghanistan has been its longest, and arguably its most grueling — and yet for 13 years it’s also been strangely invisible. For those of us far removed from the front lines, it can be almost perplexing to remember the battles being fought in our name. Sebastian Junger’s work helps bring them back into focus. In 2010, he released the documentary film Restrepo, for which he and a photographer, the late Tim Hetherington, spent nearly a year living in a spectacularly dangerous U.S. military outpost in Afghanistan’s Korengal Valley. Now, he’s gone back to the footage to cut a new film, this one aiming to show “what war feels like.”

It’s been seven years since you were actually filming in Afghanistan. In some ways, I was surprised by how immediate it felt, even seven years later. Obviously this documentary depicts a very different take from Restrepo, despite having the same source material. “I think Western society basically invented loneliness.” Yes. Right. What ISIS Really Wants.

What is the Islamic State? Where did it come from, and what are its intentions? The simplicity of these questions can be deceiving, and few Western leaders seem to know the answers. In December, The New York Times published confidential comments by Major General Michael K. Nagata, the Special Operations commander for the United States in the Middle East, admitting that he had hardly begun figuring out the Islamic State’s appeal. “We have not defeated the idea,” he said. “We do not even understand the idea.”

In the past year, President Obama has referred to the Islamic State, variously, as “not Islamic” and as al-Qaeda’s “jayvee team,” statements that reflected confusion about the group, and may have contributed to significant strategic errors. The group seized Mosul, Iraq, last June, and already rules an area larger than the United Kingdom. Our ignorance of the Islamic State is in some ways understandable: It is a hermit kingdom; few have gone there and returned. I. II. Peter R. III. V. 'I couldn't sit and do nothing': the women saving lives in Syria | Global Development Professionals Network. As barrel bombs rain down on the Syrian city of Idlib, Hasnaa Shawaf and her team spring into action.

Armed only with basic tools and medical kits, they are first responders for the Syria Civil Defence, a volunteer organisation training the country’s newest generation of search and rescue workers. “I desperately wanted to help,” says Shawaf. “I couldn’t just sit and do nothing.” Shawaf was working as a maths teacher in her hometown of Maaret al-Numan when she heard about the Syria Civil Defence. The volunteers serve communities in rebel-held areas facing sustained onslaughts from the regime. Since last October, more and more women have joined the White Helmets, as they’re known. Ebaa Tome was studying law in Idlib when the conflict turned her life upside down. The women trained together in light urban search and rescue before travelling to Turkey to specialise in pre-hospital trauma life support.

“We are mainly emergency paramedics within the teams,” says Shawaf. Chance reunion in Calais brings home scale of migration from Eritrea | Clár Ní Chonghaile | Global development. On a cold January day, Feruz Werede travelled from her home in London to Calais to learn more about the thousands of young people who are risking their lives to flee the country of her birth, Eritrea. Feruz, an activist who campaigns to end rights abuses in Eritrea, wanted to interview migrants for a radio station that broadcasts by satellite to the Horn of Africa country. She expected to hear about the “never-ending national service” and to collect material for a Stop Slavery in Eritrea campaign against conscription. What she did not expect was a surreal, early-morning reunion with a high-school classmate. It was a chance meeting that highlighted her own good fortune and the scale of the exodus from a country once viewed as a poster child for liberty but now dubbed “the North Korea of Africa” because of its repressive one-party rule, arbitrary detentions and killings, and lack of an independent press.

Feruz’s parents were fighters during the war against Ethiopia. “It was shocking. What next for South Sudan's 3,000 freed child soldiers? At a ceremony on Tuesday, 280 child soldiers were released in Gumuruk, South Sudan, following a peace agreement between President Salva Kiir’s government and the South Sudan Democratic Army (SSDA) Cobra Faction militant group in Jonglei State. The boys, aged between 11 and 17, sat huddled in rows, some wearing premier league football shirts, others still in their flag-emblazoned khakis. There to lay down their weapons and enter reintegration programmes run by Unicef and various local partner organisations, the ceremony was emotional. Many more boys will follow them. In the coming weeks, up to 3,000 are set to be freed from the Cobra Faction in what Unicef has called one of the “largest ever demobilisations of children”. I don’t know how long I’ve been with the faction – I don’t know how to count For 12-year-old Paul, one of the boys who is to be reintegrated after fighting with the faction, his release signals the return to a lost childhood: “Now I want to go to school.

‘We are so proud' – the women who died defending Kobani against Isis. Shireen Taher Mustafa Taher, 30, a lawyer and Kurdish language teacher, on his sister A few months after the revolution in Syria broke out, the Syrian regime permitted predominantly Kurdish towns in Syria to teach the Kurdish language in their schools. This included my home town, Kobani. My sister Shireen, then 19, was supposed to study English literature at Damascus University in autumn 2012, but it became inconceivable to travel between Kobani and the capital given the increase in violence throughout Syria.

Of my 11 brothers and sisters, I was closest to Shireen. Shireen was inspired by her female Kurdish language teacher, Vian, 29, a fighter with the Kurdistan Workers’ party, PKK. Shortly afterwards, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (Isis) launched attacks against Kobani. Our father’s death gave Shireen an enormous jolt to adhere to his will and be an outstanding fighter. During her two years of training, Shireen would visit us. Hameera Muhammed Berivan Fadhil Ruhan Hassan. Security: Return of the hired gun.