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The Holocaust: Who are the missing million? Giselle Cycowicz (born Friedman) remembers her father, Wolf, as a warm, kind and religious man.

The Holocaust: Who are the missing million?

"He was a scholar," she says, "he always had a book open, studying Talmud [compendium of Jewish law], but he was also a businessman and he looked after his family. " Before the war, the Friedmans lived a happy, comfortable life in Khust, a Czechoslovak town with a large Jewish population on the fringes of Hungary. All that changed after 1939, when pro-Nazi Hungarian troops, and later Nazi Germany, invaded, and all the town's Jews were deported to Auschwitz. Giselle last saw her father, "strong and healthy", hours after the family arrived at the Birkenau section of the death camp. Wolf had been selected for a workforce but a fellow prisoner under orders would not let her go to him. Nightmare in Berlin by Hans Fallada review – a compelling portrait of postwar Germany. Hans Fallada’s career was chaotic and disastrous.

Nightmare in Berlin by Hans Fallada review – a compelling portrait of postwar Germany

Posterity is lucky to rescue anything from the long catastrophe. In ideal circumstances, he would have been the sort of novelist to address social issues in a popular, palatable style, enjoyed by a wide and serious-minded readership. As it happened, he had the bad luck to write in Germany, between the last years of the Weimar republic and the end of the second world war.

UK

Walter Benjamin On the Concept of History /Theses on the Philosophy of History. Africa. A house in Shoreditch damaged by a Zeppelin raid, ... Veterans of Britain's anti-apartheid movement remember how they rebuilt themselves around Mandela. Key figures in the British anti-apartheid movement have spoken of their sadness this weekend at the death of Nelson Mandela, whom they described as a reluctant poster boy of a campaign that ended up focusing the world's attention on the horrors of apartheid South Africa.

Veterans of Britain's anti-apartheid movement remember how they rebuilt themselves around Mandela

As their grieving began in earnest, they told how their campaign, derided and pushed to the periphery of British politics in the 1970s and early 1980s, was rebuilt in the UK around Mandela, almost against his will. Mandela wanted to highlight the suffering of all the apartheid regime's political prisoners, but a conscious decision in 1978 to personalise the campaign was made by Mac Maharaj, a friend of his and formerly a fellow prisoner on Robben Island. And it was from Britain, home to a swath of South African exiles, including the then president of the African National Congress Oliver Tambo, who lived in Muswell Hill, north London, that the personal story of Mandela was to be propagated around the world.

The Tower Bridge from a drawing by C.W.Wyllie ... St Vincent and Grenadines prepares to confront dark history of slavery in court. St Vincent and the Grenadines.

St Vincent and Grenadines prepares to confront dark history of slavery in court

A string of islands that stands out in Caribbean holiday brochures as the destination with the most turquoise of waters, the most pristine of white-sand beaches. Home to the ultra-exclusive private island and celebrity hangout Mustique. Yachting paradise. A population of only 110,000. Enduring Exile by Alia Malek. A family’s journey from Armenia to Syria and back again.

Enduring Exile by Alia Malek

Members of the Knadjian family at the Abu Artin restaurant and inn, 1959. Courtesy of the Knadjian family Two years ago, in September, Anto’s neighbors warned him: it was time for him to go. He would no longer be safe in these hills above the city of Idlib in northwestern Syria. He knew better than to doubt them. A descendant of Armenians from Ottoman Turkey, he had inherited a dormant vigilance that now came to life.

With his neighbors’ warnings in his ears, Anto scrambled to secure some cash. Anto sold the restaurant’s cutlery and dishware, and the inn’s AC and heating units, in another village, and at a fraction of their value. Even though he tried downsizing as slowly and as inconspicuously as possible, soon people began to notice, to circle, and to ask. Anto was marked, a Syrian-Armenian Christian in a Syria of looming sectarianism. January and February had brought an end to the dictatorships in Tunisia and Egypt. Propaganda at the British Library: Read between the lines.

United States

Cuba. Catholic Church. African, Latino, Native, & Asian America. A history of pirates: Eye on the main chance. Rachel Shteir Reviews Jill Lepore's "The Story Of America: Essays On Origins" ASKED ABOUT HER busy career, Harvard professor and frequent New Yorker contributor Jill Lepore recently said, “Either you’re going to run out of breath or you’re going to trip.”

Rachel Shteir Reviews Jill Lepore's "The Story Of America: Essays On Origins"

(She also has a family and has written six books.) In her latest offering, The Story of America, a collection of essays mostly published in The New Yorker, the history professor has tripped. Lepore started writing for The New Yorker in 2005 and since then has filed 86 pieces—blogs, comments, essays, reviews—for the magazine. That is impressive, at least quantitatively speaking. The leap from scholarly writing to magazine deadlines is sort of like the leap from cross-country skiing to downhill.

Lepore starts out with a good subject. Support thought-provoking, quality journalism. This scolding skepticism occasionally works. Lepore also can be scholarly in a good way when she reminds readers that Colonial Americans are not just twenty-first century ones wearing funny hats. Hobsbawm and the CPGB. Eric Hobsbawm, Peter De Francia, c.1955.

Hobsbawm and the CPGB

Saddam Hussein's Speeches on Democracy (1977-1978) By Maria Popova “The question of democracy is an extremely complicated one.

Saddam Hussein's Speeches on Democracy (1977-1978)

It needs your great concern.” “We aspire to make the child a source of enlightenment within the family, which includes his parents and his siblings, so that he may bring about positive changes. He may also teach his family some of the rules of good conduct and respect…” This isn’t Maria Montessori or Sir Ken Robinson or some other celebrated champion of education. It’s Saddam Hussein, speaking before Iraq’s Council of Planning and the Arab Baath Socialist Party as a young vice-president full of gargantuan ambition. In the speeches, Hussein considers democracy as he argues that “the Arab Baath Socialist Party did not and should not become an authoritarian Party, because there is no objective justification for that.” Untitled. Literature Against the French. King Louis Napoléon by Lotte Jensen To what extent can literature be used as a source for gaining historical knowledge?

[1] This question has challenged historians and literary historians ever since the development of ‘history’ as a scholarly discipline. The answer tends to be moderately positive: literature may reveal specific information that can increase our historical knowledge of a certain time, but we should always take the specific character of literature into account.[2] In some cases, however, literature seems to be indispensable for a correct view of a certain period. This article discusses the case of Dutch resistance literature between 1806 and 1813 and argues that studying this type of literature fundamentally changes our perspective on these years. Still Adoring the Idea. Turkish delight with “muddled pool of hypocrisy” Turkey’s current love affair with all things Ottoman was captured by the massively popular release of it historical blockbuster Fetih 1453, charting the conquest of Istanbul, this February – despite criticisms of its depictions of violence and inaccuracies in its historical representation.

Still Adoring the Idea

Traditional Ottoman army band perform during the 559th anniversary of the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire. This May 29th marked the 559th anniversary of the conquest of Istanbul. Thousands of people gathered in the soft drizzling rain on the Golden Horn in the evening to watch the celebrations.