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John Singer Sargent (12 January 1856 – 14 April 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre documents worldwide travel, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine, and Florida. His parents were American , but he was trained in Paris prior to moving to London . Sargent enjoyed international acclaim as a portrait painter, although not without controversy and some critical reservation; an early submission to the Paris Salon , his " Portrait of Madame X ", was intended to consolidate his position as a society painter, but it resulted in scandal instead.
Marina Abramović ( Serbian Cyrillic : Марина Абрамовић), Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [marǐːna abrǎːmoʋitɕ] ; born November 30, 1946 in Belgrade , Serbia is a New York -based Montenegrin [ 1 ] performance artist who began her career in the early 1970s. Active for over three decades, she has recently begun to describe herself as the "grandmother of performance art." Abramović's work explores the relationship between performer and audience, the limits of the body, and the possibilities of the mind.
Wolfgang Tillmans (born 1968 in Remscheid ) is a German Fine-art photographer and artist. Tillmans lives in Berlin and London. His diverse body of work is distinguished by observation of his surroundings and an ongoing investigation of the photographic medium’s foundations. In 2000, Tillmans was the first photographer and also the first non-English artist to be awarded the Turner Prize . In 2009, he was awarded the Kulturpreis der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Photographie (The Culture Prize of the German Society for Photography).
The term outsider art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for art brut ( French: [aʁ bʁyt] , "raw art" or "rough art"), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created outside the boundaries of official culture; Dubuffet focused particularly on art by those on the outsides of the established art scene such as insane-asylum inmates and children. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] While Dubuffet's term is quite specific, the English term "outsider art" is often applied more broadly, to include certain self-taught or naïve art makers who were never institutionalized. Typically, those labeled as outsider artists have little or no contact with the mainstream art world or art institutions. In many cases, their work is discovered only after their deaths. Often, outsider art illustrates extreme mental states, unconventional ideas, or elaborate fantasy worlds.
Monument to Josef Čapek Josef Čapek ( Czech pronunciation: [ˈjozɛf ˈtʃapɛk] ; 23 March 1887 – April, 1945 [ 1 ] ) was a Czech artist who was best known as a painter , but who was also noted as a writer and a poet . He invented the word robot , which was introduced into literature by his brother, Karel Čapek .
Paul Cézanne ( US pron.: / s eɪ ˈ z æ n / or UK / s ɨ ˈ z æ n / ; French: [pɔl sezan] ; 1839–1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. Cézanne can be said to form the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th century's new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism . Both Matisse and Picasso are said to have remarked that Cézanne "is the father of us all." Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable. He used planes of colour and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of his subjects.
Paula Modersohn-Becker Paula Modersohn-Becker (February 8, 1876 – November 21, 1907) was a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism . In a brief career, cut short by an embolism at the age of 31, she created a number of groundbreaking images of great intensity. [ edit ] Life and work Paula Becker was born and grew up in Dresden-Friedrichstadt . She was the third child of seven children in her family.