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Solipsism ( i / ˈ s ɒ l ɨ p s ɪ z əm / ; from Latin solus , meaning "alone", and ipse , meaning "self") is the philosophical idea that only one's own mind is sure to exist. As an epistemological position, solipsism holds that knowledge of anything outside one's own mind is unsure. The external world and other minds cannot be known, and might not exist outside the mind. As a metaphysical position, solipsism goes further to the conclusion that the world and other minds do not exist. As such it is the only epistemological position that, by its own postulate , is both irrefutable and yet indefensible in the same manner.
Ignosticism or igtheism is the theological position that every other theological position (including agnosticism and atheism ) assumes too much about the concept of God and many other theological concepts. It can be defined as encompassing two related views about the existence of God : The view that a coherent definition of God must be presented before the question of the existence of God can be meaningfully discussed.
Molyneux's problem is a thought experiment in philosophy concerning immediate recovery from blindness . It was first formulated by William Molyneux , and notably referenced in John Locke 's An Essay Concerning Human Understanding . The problem can be stated in brief, "if a man born blind can feel the differences between shapes such as spheres and cubes , could he similarly distinguish those objects by sight if given the ability to see?" [ 1 ] [ edit ] Original correspondence
" There are known knowns " are the best known words of a statement to the press made by Donald Rumsfeld while serving as United States Secretary of Defense in February 2002. [ 1 ] [ edit ] Usage The above statement was made by Rumsfeld on February 12, 2002 at a press briefing where he addressed the absence of evidence linking the government of Iraq with the supply of weapons of mass destruction to terrorist groups. [ 1 ] It was criticised as an abuse of language by, among others, the Plain English Campaign . [ 2 ] However, linguist Geoffrey Pullum disagreed, saying the quotation was "completely straightforward" and "impeccable, syntactically, semantically, logically, and rhetorically." [ 3 ]
A glossary of philosophy . [ edit ] A Absolutism the position that in a particular domain of thought, all statements in that domain are either absolutely true or absolutely false: none is true for some cultures or eras while false for other cultures or eras.
This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy . Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. " What is the meaning of life? ", " Where did we come from? ", " What is reality? ", etc.).
Articles Ian Ravenscroft philosophizes about philosophizing.
Via the BPS Research Digest : A recent study on the long-term benefits of the Socratic method . In a study of 105 children, all around 10 years old, teachers spent an hour a week for 16 months teaching lessons based on philosophical inquiry. The philosophy-based lessons encouraged a community approach to “inquiry” in the classroom, with children sharing their views on Socratic questions posed by the teacher. The result? At the end of 16 months,
Cornell students obviously have too much time on their hands. (And very soon I’ll be able to do something about that…) Back when I was a wee grad student, one of the jokes circulating the internet, and eventually stuck to the wall of the grad ‘office’ concerned the putative causes of death of various philosophers. (My favourite was Thales: Drowned.)
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Nihilism confuses people. "How can you care about anything, or strive for anything, if you believe nothing means anything?" they ask.