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Part B Articles and Readings 2017

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Eisenhower Articles

US Presidents Homework Handout. The Day President Kennedy Embraced Civil Rights—and the Story Behind It - The Atlantic. John F. Kennedy delivering the Civil Rights Address (Wikimedia Commons) "Can you believe that white man not only stepped up to the plate, he hit it over the fence! " That was Martin Luther King, Jr.'s private verdict on President John F. Kennedy's famous Civil Rights Address, delivered fifty years ago on June 11, 1963.

If King's elation made sense, so did his incredulity. Kennedy had hardly been a beacon of moral resolve on civil rights. The speech was a dramatic moment in a season jammed with dramatic events, as America staggered toward non-racial democracy. While in jail, King read a statement by eight of the leading moderate white clergy in Alabama, condemning the protests and branding King an extremist. Neither King's sacrificial act nor his roiling anger was enough to jumpstart the movement, even after he got out of jail on April 20. Meanwhile, the federal court-ordered integration of the University of Alabama loomed on June 11. May 10 King on the Victory in Birmingham by user1981449. USPresidentsrevisiontable4. JFK's Civil Rights Legacy: 50 Years of Myth and Fact | The Huffington Post. There’s been as much myth as fact regarding John F. Kennedy’s civil rights legacy in the more than 50 years before, during, and especially after, his assassination on November 22, 1963.

In the days before he delivered his now famed presidential inaugural address on Friday, January 20, 1961, two of his principal advisers Louis Martin and Harris Wofford battled hard to get Kennedy to add two words “at home” to a pivotal sentence in his speech that addressed human rights. Kennedy meant the human rights fight that the U.S. waged internationally against communism. The “at home” referred to the battle for civil rights in America. Kennedy reluctantly added the words. That reluctance typified the wariness that Kennedy had in making civil rights a centerpiece of his presidency. In the decade before he won the White House, Kennedy said almost nothing about civil rights. But if he had would he? Earl Ofari Hutchinson is an author and political analyst. John Kennedy and Civil Rights. John F Kennedy is not automatically associated with civil rights issues as Kennedy’s presidency is more famed for the Cuban Missile Crisis and issues surrounding the Cold War.

Also, no obvious civil rights legislation was signed by Kennedy. However, Kennedy did have a major input into civil rights history – though posthumously. John Kennedy came from a rich and privileged Irish-American family. Even so, the family had to leave Boston, the city they are most famously associated with, and moved to New York. In Boston, the family had been held at arms length by those rich families who saw their Irish background as vulgar and the family’s wealth as lacking ‘class’. The Kennedy’s hoped that the more cosmopolitan New York would allow them to access high society. Kennedy put political realism before any form of beliefs when he voted against Eisenhower’s 1957 Civil Rights Act. Now as president, Kennedy could either ignore discrimination or he could act.

Was Kennedy a keen civil rights man? Harry Truman and Civil Rights. Harry Truman is not a name usually associated with America’s Civil Rights movement if only because the main ‘points’ happened after his presidency – Montgomery, Little Rock, Birmingham, the careers of Martin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael. However, some very important civil rights issues were covered in his presidency. What was achieved in Truman’s presidency with regards to civil rights legislation? His administration published “To Secure These Rights” in 1947 a drive was started in 1948 to end discrimination in federal employment in 1950, the Supreme Court all but overturned what is referred to as Plessy v Ferguson. These were a series of laws dating from 1896 which effectively approved the “Jim Crow” segregation laws that characterised the South.

The laws introduced the “separate but equal” philosophy of the south – but with the backing of the highest legal body in America. These were major achievements in the history of the civil rights cause. Truman’s background: As an example. The 1957 Civil Rights Act. The Civil Rights Act of 1957 was introduced in Eisenhower’s presidency and was the act that kick-started thecivil rights legislative programme that was to include the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

Eisenhower had not been known for his support of the civil rights movement. Rather than lead the country on the issue, he had to respond to problems such as in Little Rock. He never publicly gave support to the civil rights movement believing that you could not force people to change their beliefs; such changes had to come from the heart of the people involved, not as the result of legislation from Washington. However, he did push through during his presidency the 1957 Civil Rights Act. The 1957 Civil Rights Bill aimed to ensure that all African Americans could exercise their right to vote. Eisenhower, perhaps shocked by the news broadcasts of Little Rock, publicly supported the bill (it was, after all, his Attorney-General who had produced the bill). University of Alabama desegregated - Jun 11, 1963. Also on this day Lead Story On this day in 1979, John Wayne, an iconic American film actor famous for starring in countless westerns, dies at age 72 after battling cancer for more than a decade.

The actor was born Marion Morrison on May 26, 1907, in Winterset, Iowa, and moved as a child to Glendale, California.... American Revolution On this day in 1776, the Continental Congress selects Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Roger Sherman of Connecticut and Robert R. Livingston of New York to draft a declaration of independence. Automotive The hit John Hughes-directed teen comedy “Ferris Bueller’s Day Off,” released on this day in 1986, stars a young Matthew Broderick as a popular high school student in suburban Illinois who fakes an illness in order to score a day off from school, then leads his best friend and his...

Civil War Cold War Crime Disaster General Interest Hollywood Literary Music Old West Presidential Sports Vietnam War World War I. BBC ON THIS DAY | 1 | 1962: Mississippi race riots over first black student. 1962: Mississippi race riots over first black student Two people have been killed and at least 75 injured in rioting at the University of Mississippi campus in Oxford. Hundreds of extra troops have been brought in to join Federal forces already stationed in the nearby town of Oxford as the violence spread to its streets.

The protesters are angry at the admission of James Meredith, a black American, to the university. Rioting erupted last night as President Kennedy addressed the nation in a televised broadcast urging a peaceful settlement to the dispute over racial segregation. Earlier Mr Kennedy had 'federalised' the Mississippi National Guard to maintain law and order, and mobilised other regular infantrymen and military police across the state line in Tennessee. The Federal Government had been expecting resistance from the Mississippi State police under the governorship of Ross Barnett, who has previously defied court orders requiring desegregation. James Meredith. James Meredith was to make his name in civil rights history by being the first African-American to attend the University of Mississippi.

James Meredith, by simply doing this, was putting his life on the line. Meredith was born in Kosciusko, Mississippi, on June 25th, 1933. From 1951 to 1960 he served in the American Air Force. After this, Meredith studied at Jackson State College for two years. Following this, he applied to start a course at the University of Mississippi. He was rejected twice. Meredith filed a complaint with the courts that he had been rejected by the university simply because he was black. The issue did not end there – if anything, the whole controversy was inflamed still further when state officials and students at the university voiced their opposition to Meredith being given a place there. Regardless of this, Meredith attended the university and graduated in 1964.

Meredith rejoined the march on June 25th, 1966 after his hospital treatment. On Violence and Nonviolence: The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi | Mississippi History Now. Poster, printed by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, questions the role of the Mississippi State Highway Patrol in violence against blacks.Courtesy, McCain Library and Archives, University of Southern Mississippi. Civil rights protesters encourage a boycott in Grenada, Mississippi.Courtesy, McCain Library and Archives, University of Southern Mississippi. Mississippi Valley State University students protest the decision by then-President James Herbert White to expel all students who were involved in protesting civil injustice and curriculum issues, specifically the lack of a Black Studies program.Courtesy, McCain Library and Archives, University of Southern Mississippi.

Protest march for voting rights in McComb, Mississippi. Courtesy, McCain Library and Archives, University of Southern Mississippi. By Curtis J. The American Civil Rights Movement in the late 1950s and 1960s represents a pivotal event in world history. Philosophy of nonviolence History of violence Arms in defense. A Place in History: Historical Perspective on Martin Luther King Jr. Day.

The US Civil Rights Movement (1942-1968) | ICNC. MLK Good or Bad Hindsight Article. Martin Luther King and the Movement. By: Garry Crystal - Updated: 12 Dec 2016| *Discuss Martin Luther King and the movement for civil rights in America are inextricably linked. Born in Atlanta, Georgia to a Baptist minister father and schoolteacher mother he would become the voice of the movement heard by millions of people around the world.

King’s Early Years Martin Luther King Jr. was born on 15 January 1929. The Montgomery Bus Boycott King eventually returned to Montgomery, Alabama to become a Baptist pastor, and 1955 was a year that saw the civil right movement come into action. Southern Leadership Christian Conference King was instrumental in forming the Southern Leadership Christian Conference (SLCC) in 1957. The Birmingham Protests In 1963 America had reached boiling point where racial discrimination was concerned. The March on Washington I Have a Dream The March on Washington ended with Martin Luther King Jr’s famous “I have a dream” sermon.

The Nobel Peace Prize You might also like... Dacaldha - 26-Jul-14 @ 5:10 PM ? Title: Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr., (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was born Michael Luther King, Jr., but later had his name changed to Martin. His grandfather began the family's long tenure as pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, serving from 1914 to 1931; his father has served from then until the present, and from 1960 until his death Martin Luther acted as co-pastor. Martin Luther attended segregated public schools in Georgia, graduating from high school at the age of fifteen; he received the B. A. degree in 1948 from Morehouse College, a distinguished Negro institution of Atlanta from which both his father and grandfather had graduated. After three years of theological study at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class, he was awarded the B.D. in 1951.

In 1954, Martin Luther King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. Selected Bibliography "Martin Luther King, Jr. MLK and MX article Page 24 has been scanned twice! MLK info (ignore the highlighting!) Martin Luther King Jr. - Black History. The second child of Martin Luther King Sr. (1899-1984), a pastor, and Alberta Williams King (1904-1974), a former schoolteacher, Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia, on January 15, 1929. Along with his older sister, the future Christine King Farris (born 1927), and younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King (1930-1969), he grew up in the city’s Sweet Auburn neighborhood, then home to some of the most prominent and prosperous African Americans in the country. A gifted student, King attended segregated public schools and at the age of 15 was admitted to Morehouse College, the alma mater of both his father and maternal grandfather, where he studied medicine and law. Although he had not intended to follow in his father’s footsteps by joining the ministry, he changed his mind under the mentorship of Morehouse’s president, Dr.

Benjamin Mays, an influential theologian and outspoken advocate for racial equality. iWonder - Did Martin Luther King achieve his life's dream? Eisenhower and the Little Rock Crisis. Article on Chief Justice Earl Warren (member of the Supreme Court) Civil Rights: U.S. Supreme Court Decisions - FindLaw. From race and gender discrimination to sexual orientation discrimination and struggles over disability rights, civil rights cases are a very significant area of law that the U.S. Supreme Court has encountered on many occasions. Below is a list of U.S. Supreme Court decisions involving civil rights and discrimination.

Race Discrimination Dred Scott v. Sanford (1856) A major precursor to the Civil War, this controversial U.S. Gender (Sex) Discrimination Roe v. Gay & Lesbian Rights / Sexual Orientation Discrimination Bowers v. Religious Freedoms Elk Grove Unified Sch. Disability Discrimination Bragdon v. Contact a Legal Professional and Protect your Civil Rights The United States Supreme Court has decided many civil rights cases, providing a foundation for the way that civil rights are currently protected. Contributions of JFK and LBJ to the CRM. USA Supreme Court Hindsight Article. Education and Civil Rights. Education played a very important part in post-1945 civil rights history. Much time and effort was spent on education – the belief being that in a democracy it was only right and fair that all people regardless of skin colour should have the right to a decent education.

This issue of civil rights and education made international headlines with the affair that took place at Little Rock High School in 1957. But education was to remain at the forefront of civil rights even after this event. In 1945, the two areas where segregation and racism was most obviously applied was in housing and in education. In the southern states, the African Americans lived in the poorest areas with the worst facilities. Within the south, the general philosophy that had developed since the civil war, was that if African Americans were kept ill-educated they would remain ‘in their place’ in society. There had been some movement after the Second World War regarding attitudes. The Rev. Civil Rights Timeline.

Jan. 23 The 24th Amendment abolishes the poll tax, which originally had been instituted in 11 southern states after Reconstruction to make it difficult for poor blacks to vote. Summer The Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), a network of civil rights groups that includes CORE and SNCC, launches a massive effort to register black voters during what becomes known as the Freedom Summer. It also sends delegates to the Democratic National Convention to protest—and attempt to unseat—the official all-white Mississippi contingent. July 2 President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Aug. 4 (Neshoba Country, Miss.)

Civil Rights Movement - Black History. BBC Bitesize - National 5 History - Civil rights campaigns 1945-1965 - Revision 4. Overview of Civil Rights. African-American Civil Rights Movement (1954–68) Civil Rights Act. American civil rights movement.