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Bach 2 immigration, refugee crisis and asylum seeking

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MAC ON... Europe's open borders. Illegal immigrants and the labour market. Now that the debate on the immigration policies of OECD countries has turned its attention towards illegal migrants, policy-makers should be particularly careful.

Illegal immigrants and the labour market

For rather than concentrate solely on the status of legality itself and the physical controls that might be adopted to regulate undocumented migrants, it makes sense to take a hard look at the real economic implications of clandestine migration. Does illegal immigration help the underground economy? Who really benefits from the employment of undocumented migrants? And to what extent does their employment affect the recruitment and wages of nationals? To answer these questions, it would help to know how illegal immigration is actually defined. Where illegal migration begins and ends is a matter for each sovereign state to define. Length of stay plays a defining role too. The effects of legalising undocumented immigrants. Many countries host large numbers of undocumented immigrants.

The effects of legalising undocumented immigrants

Leading the pack is the US where, according to the Pew Research Center, there were as many as 11.1 million unauthorized immigrants in 2014, representing 26% of all immigrants in the country. The US is not alone in hosting undocumented immigrants. Migration Watch UK estimated the undocumented immigrant population in the UK to be 1.1 million in 2010, representing more than 13% of all immigrants in the country.

Clandestino (2009) estimates that, in 2008, there were between 1.9 and 3.8 million undocumented immigrants in the EU27, representing between 7% and 13% of the total immigrant population. These large numbers of undocumented immigrants have led recent administrations in many countries to consider, not without controversy, either legalising these immigrants or deporting many of them to their countries of origin. A unique natural experiment: The Zapatero reform Using data on tax revenues andlabour market outcomes Conclusions.

Spain Orders Mass Deportation of African Migrants. Spain, known for having one of the most tolerant immigration policies in Europe and accepting boatloads of migrants when no other EU nation would, was expected to open its doors even wider under its new socialist government.

Spain Orders Mass Deportation of African Migrants

But that policy now appears to be going in reverse. In a country that has shunned anti-immigration currents prevalent in much of Europe, the mass expulsion of 166 Sub-Saharan Africans who forced their way through barbed wire fences last month and attacked guards along the Spanish north African enclave of Ceuta's border with Morocco, has become an embarrassment for Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, officials and analysts say. "Humanitarianism is not permissiveness" said Spanish interior minister Fernando Grande-Marlaska before a parliamentary hearing on Wednesday . "Orderly, secure and legal immigration is possible, but not violent migration that threatens our country and its security forces. " Refugees, asylum seekers, immigrants, and migrants: What’s the difference? Every day, people around the world make the difficult decision to leave their countries in search of safety and better lives.

Refugees, asylum seekers, immigrants, and migrants: What’s the difference?

Why? Currently, there are 68.5 million men, women and children escaping war, persecution and political turbulence. These are refugees and asylum seekers. Refugees, Asylum Seekers & Migrants: A Crucial Difference. What is the difference between a refugee, an asylum seeker and a migrant?

Refugees, Asylum Seekers & Migrants: A Crucial Difference

Does it really matter to understand their definition? Yes, absolutely. It’s crucial today to understand what an asylum seeker or a refugee is because of all the misconceptions and misunderstandings around those terms. Al Jazeera announced recently that it wasn’t going to refer anymore to the Mediterranean “migrant crisis”, instead it would call it a “refugee crisis”. More than 72,000 have now signed a petition on urging the BBC to use the term “refugee crisis” instead of “migrant crisis”. The terms have distinct meanings, and despite some grey area, confusing them completely leads to problems for those respective populations.

Find out about our work to build and renovate homes in for refugees in Lebanon. What is a refugee Definition: Refugees are people fleeing armed conflicts or persecution. Access to the labour market - Spain. Asylum seekers are legally entitled to start working 6 months after their application for asylum is officially accepted, while their application is being examined.

Access to the labour market - Spain

Once the 6-month period is over, applicants may request the renewal of their Red Card (“tarjeta roja”), as the first version does not state this entitlement, in which it will appear that they are authorised to work in Spain with the term of validity of the document that has been issued. There are no other criteria or requirements for them to obtain a work permit, which is valid for any labour sector. The European Refugee Crisis and Syria Explained. Llegada inmigrantes. Escaping Syria: The Dangerous Journey From Damascus To Turkey. In-depth: Displacement. Dear Syria Deeply Community, Syria Deeply was born to fill a gap that had been keeping people in Syria, and their stories, isolated from the rest of the world.

In-depth: Displacement

Our mission was to highlight Syrian voices and perspectives through independent journalism that made sense of Syria’s complex and brutal conflict. For nearly six years, we have kept a close watch on both the humanitarian crisis and the political factors – global and domestic – that were escalating the war. The lessons learned from Syria’s war will define modern conflict and how it is resolved. Conversely, the approaches for peacebuilding that have worked elsewhere will be vital to Syria’s future. With this in mind, we are taking a new approach to delivering on our original mission.