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In philosophical ethics , the naturalistic fallacy was introduced by British philosopher G. E. Moore in his 1903 book Principia Ethica . Moore argues it would be fallacious to explain that which is good reductively, in terms of natural properties such as "pleasant" or "desirable". The naturalistic fallacy is close to but not identical with the fallacious appeal to nature , the claim that what is natural is inherently good or right, and that what is unnatural is inherently bad or wrong.
The wisdom of repugnance , or the yuck factor , [ 1 ] also known informally as " appeal to disgust ", [ 2 ] is the belief that an intuitive (or "deep-seated") negative response to some thing, idea or practice should be interpreted as evidence for the intrinsically harmful or evil character of that thing. Furthermore, it refers to the notion that wisdom may manifest itself in feelings of disgust towards anything which lacks goodness or wisdom, though the feelings or the reasoning of such 'wisdom' may not be immediately explicable through reason . [ edit ] Origin and usage
In cognitive psychology , cognitive distortions are thoughts that are exaggerated and irrational. Some variants of cognitive therapy claim that these thought patterns perpetuate some psychological disorders. David D. Burns presented the theory of cognitive distortions in The Feeling Good Handbook in 1989, [ 1 ] (and previously in Feeling Good: The New Mood Therapy in 1980) after studying under Aaron T.
An informal fallacy is an error in reasoning that does not originate in improper logical form. Arguments committing informal fallacies may be formally valid, but still fallacious. An error that stems from a poor logical form is sometimes called formal fallacy or simply an invalid argument. There are many different informal fallacies, but a few basic types. For instance, material fallacies is error in what the arguer is talking about, while Verbal fallacies is error in how the arguer is talking. Fallacies of presumption fail to prove the conclusion by assuming the conclusion in the proof.
Existence is elsewhere. — André Breton, “The Surrealist Manifesto” 1. The Juice David Dunning, a Cornell professor of social psychology, was perusing the 1996 World Almanac.